Fish

ID195
NameFish
Synonyms
Description
ClassificationSeafood > Fish
FooDB ID

Biomarker measurements

Intake values

IDParent IDDepthSubject groupPopulationCountryCountry codeCohortTime definitionIntake toolIntake food coverageIntake time coverageIntake assessmentFoodFood detailFood descriptionSupplement intakes included?Measurement sizeDetected (nb)Detected (%)Detected only?Arithmethic meanArithmethic SDGeometric meanGeometric SDMinMin (detected)Percentile_05Percentile_10Percentile_25MedianPercentile_75Percentile_90Percentile_95MaxInterquartile rangeMean 95% CI lowerMean 95% CI upperGMean 95% CI lowerGMean 95% CI upperUnitConverted arithmetic meanConverted geometric meanConverted medianAdjustment typeAdjusted onRegressed onExpressed asPublication
15610AllPregnant women in Ljubljana and surroundingsSloveniaSIpregnancyFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishCod
Gilt-head bream
Sea bass
Trout-family fish
Tuna
Most eaten fish species: Tuna, Trout, Salmon, Gilt head bream, Sea bass5856.31.06.012.0portions/month6.3 portions/month6.0 portions/monthCrudeMiklavcic 2011
15660MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineWhole diet FFQ + Fineli Finnish Food Composition Database128-item1 yearFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFish species: Tuna, Sardine, Herring, Mackerel, Rainbow trout, Baltic herring, Baltic salmon, Baltic trout, Smoked mackerel, Norwegian salmon, Coalfish, Cod, Redfish, Fish sticks, Pike, Perch, Burbot, Pike-perch, Vendace, Whitefish, Bream, Roach12580.0g/day80000.0 mg/dayRegressionAgeTurunen 2010
15680MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFish FFQ + Fineli Finnish Food Composition Database24-itemFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFish dishes: Cooked fish, Fish soup, Baked fish, Fried fish, Smoked fish, Fish balls, Canned fish, Roe12514.0times/month3.2 times/weekRegressionAgeTurunen 2010
15690MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFish FFQ + Fineli Finnish Food Composition Database24-itemFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
Lean fish
Fish species: Tuna, Sardine, Herring, Mackerel, Rainbow trout, Baltic herring, Baltic salmon, Baltic trout, Smoked mackerel, Norwegian salmon, Coalfish, Cod, Redfish, Fish sticks, Pike, Perch, Burbot, Pike-perch, Vendace, Whitefish, Bream, Roach12514.0times/month3.2 times/weekRegressionAgeTurunen 2010
15850FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineWhole diet FFQ + Fineli Finnish Food Composition Database128-item1 yearFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFish species: Tuna, Sardine, Herring, Mackerel, Rainbow trout, Baltic herring, Baltic salmon, Baltic trout, Smoked mackerel, Norwegian salmon, Coalfish, Cod, Redfish, Fish sticks, Pike, Perch, Burbot, Pike-perch, Vendace, Whitefish, Bream, Roach13961.0g/day61000.0 mg/dayRegressionAgeTurunen 2010
15870FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFish FFQ + Fineli Finnish Food Composition Database24-itemFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFish dishes: Cooked fish, Fish soup, Baked fish, Fried fish, Smoked fish, Fish balls, Canned fish, Roe13912.0times/month2.8 times/weekRegressionAgeTurunen 2010
15880FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFish FFQ + Fineli Finnish Food Composition Database24-itemFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
Lean fish
Fish species: Tuna, Sardine, Herring, Mackerel, Rainbow trout, Baltic herring, Baltic salmon, Baltic trout, Smoked mackerel, Norwegian salmon, Coalfish, Cod, Redfish, Fish sticks, Pike, Perch, Burbot, Pike-perch, Vendace, Whitefish, Bream, Roach13912.0times/month2.8 times/weekRegressionAgeTurunen 2010
16040MalesSubjects with data on fish consumptionFinlandFIHealth 2000baselineWhole diet FFQ + Fineli Finnish Food Composition Database128-item1 yearFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFish species: Tuna, Sardine, Herring, Mackerel, Rainbow trout, Baltic herring, Baltic salmon, Baltic trout, Smoked mackerel, Norwegian salmon, Coalfish, Cod, Redfish, Fish sticks, Pike, Perch, Burbot, Pike-perch, Vendace, Whitefish, Bream, Roach57748.0g/day48000.0 mg/dayRegressionAgeTurunen 2010
16120FemalesSubjects with data on fish consumptionFinlandFIHealth 2000baselineWhole diet FFQ + Fineli Finnish Food Composition Database128-item1 yearFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFish species: Tuna, Sardine, Herring, Mackerel, Rainbow trout, Baltic herring, Baltic salmon, Baltic trout, Smoked mackerel, Norwegian salmon, Coalfish, Cod, Redfish, Fish sticks, Pike, Perch, Burbot, Pike-perch, Vendace, Whitefish, Bream, Roach71246.0g/day46000.0 mg/dayRegressionAgeTurunen 2010
215421551Children - MalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)FishFatty fish
Total fish: Dried fish, Oily fish, Small fish with bones, Canned tuna, Lean fish11620.4g/1000 kcal20400.0 mg/1000 kcalDensityEnergyOkuda 2009
218021811Children - FemalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)FishFatty fish
Total fish: Dried fish, Oily fish, Small fish with bones, Canned tuna, Lean fish10020.3g/1000 kcal20300.0 mg/1000 kcalDensityEnergyOkuda 2009
220622071Adolescents - MalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)FishFatty fish
Total fish: Dried fish, Oily fish, Small fish with bones, Canned tuna, Lean fish9827.0g/1000 kcal27000.0 mg/1000 kcalDensityEnergyOkuda 2009
223222331Adolescents - FemalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)FishFatty fish
Total fish: Dried fish, Oily fish, Small fish with bones, Canned tuna, Lean fish8426.2g/1000 kcal26200.0 mg/1000 kcalDensityEnergyOkuda 2009
265426841All [by ethnicity]Multi-ethnic populationUnited StatesUSMESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishNon-Fried fish: Tuna, Salmon, Sardines, Sashimi, Sushi, Trout, Sole, Halibut, Poke, Grouper9001.01.3times/week1.0 times/weekCrudeChung 2008
265726841All [by ethnicity]Multi-ethnic populationUnited StatesUSMESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFish stew9000.20.6times/week0.2 times/weekCrudeChung 2008
265926851WhitesMulti-ethnic populationUnited StatesUSMESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishNon-Fried fish: Tuna, Salmon, Sardines, Sashimi, Sushi, Trout, Sole, Halibut, Poke, Grouper4171.01.7times/week1.0 times/weekCrudeChung 2008
266226851WhitesMulti-ethnic populationUnited StatesUSMESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFish stew4170.10.3times/week0.1 times/weekCrudeChung 2008
266426861Chinese AmericansMulti-ethnic populationUnited StatesUSMESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishNon-Fried fish: Tuna, Salmon, Sardines, Sashimi, Sushi, Trout, Sole, Halibut, Poke, Grouper911.61.1times/week1.6 times/weekCrudeChung 2008
266726861Chinese AmericansMulti-ethnic populationUnited StatesUSMESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFish stew910.50.9times/week0.5 times/weekCrudeChung 2008
266926871African AmericansMulti-ethnic populationUnited StatesUSMESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishNon-Fried fish: Tuna, Salmon, Sardines, Sashimi, Sushi, Trout, Sole, Halibut, Poke, Grouper1861.21.6times/week1.2 times/weekCrudeChung 2008
267226871African AmericansMulti-ethnic populationUnited StatesUSMESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFish stew1860.20.7times/week0.2 times/weekCrudeChung 2008
267426881HispanicsMulti-ethnic populationUnited StatesUSMESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishNon-Fried fish: Tuna, Salmon, Sardines, Sashimi, Sushi, Trout, Sole, Halibut, Poke, Grouper2060.61.0times/week0.6 times/weekCrudeChung 2008
267726881HispanicsMulti-ethnic populationUnited StatesUSMESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFish stew2060.20.6times/week0.2 times/weekCrudeChung 2008
330533281AllVolunteers from the Perth metropolitan areaAustraliaAUFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
Fish
Lean fish
Fresh and frozen fish: Snapper, Whiting, Basa, Shark, Hake, Emperor, Mullet, Tuna, Atlantic salmon, Trout, Swordfish, Bream, Grouper/cod, Spanish mackerel, Nile perch, Barramundi, Tailor, Australian herring, Australian salmon88215.03.8g/week30714.3 mg/dayCrudeMina 2007
330633052AllVolunteers from the Perth metropolitan areaAustraliaAUFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishGrilled and baked fish80104.07.9g/week14857.1 mg/dayCrudeMina 2007
330733052AllVolunteers from the Perth metropolitan areaAustraliaAUFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFried fish6221.09.7g/week3000.0 mg/dayCrudeMina 2007
41290Meat high consumers (Meat intake: >285 g/day)Men with different diets in Melbourne areaAustraliaAUStudy on diet and thrombotic risk factorcsFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFish1827.723.9g/day27700.0 mg/dayCrudeMann 2006
41340Meat moderate consumers (Meat intake: <260 g/day)Men with different diets in Melbourne areaAustraliaAUStudy on diet and thrombotic risk factorcsFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFish6026.118.3g/day26100.0 mg/dayCrudeMann 2006
41390Ovolacto-vegetariansMen with different diets in Melbourne areaAustraliaAUStudy on diet and thrombotic risk factorcsFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFish431.43.4g/day1400.0 mg/dayCrudeMann 2006
41440VegansMen with different diets in Melbourne areaAustraliaAUStudy on diet and thrombotic risk factorcsFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFish180.71.8g/day700.0 mg/dayCrudeMann 2006
59190Quartile 1 (Fish intake: <31 g/day)Adults from GipuzkoaSpainESEPIC (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ)FishFatty fish
Lean fish
Fish: Lean fish, Fatty fish2619.211.9g/day19200.0 mg/dayCrudeAmiano 2001
59220Quartile 2 (Fish intake: 32 to 64 g/day)Adults from GipuzkoaSpainESEPIC (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ)FishFatty fish
Lean fish
Fish: Lean fish, Fatty fish2451.114.3g/day51100.0 mg/dayCrudeAmiano 2001
59250Quartile 3 (Fish intake: 65 to 115 g/day)Adults from GipuzkoaSpainESEPIC (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ)FishFatty fish
Lean fish
Fish: Lean fish, Fatty fish2783.6316.89g/day83630.0 mg/dayCrudeAmiano 2001
59280Quartile 4 (Fish intake: >115 g/day)Adults from GipuzkoaSpainESEPIC (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ)FishFatty fish
Lean fish
Fish: Lean fish, Fatty fish25146.4336.03g/day146430.0 mg/dayCrudeAmiano 2001
698769881Blacks - Vegetarians - MalesBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFish60.0servings/day0.0 servings/dayCrudeMyint 2000
699169921Blacks - Omnivores - MalesBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFish150.21servings/day0.2 servings/dayCrudeMyint 2000
699569961Whites - Vegetarians - MalesBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFish100.0servings/day0.0 servings/dayCrudeMyint 2000
699970001Whites - Omnivores - MalesBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFish150.19servings/day0.2 servings/dayCrudeMyint 2000
700370041Blacks - Vegetarians - FemalesBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFish40.0servings/day0.0 servings/dayCrudeMyint 2000
700770081Blacks - Omnivores - FemalesBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFish290.29servings/day0.3 servings/dayCrudeMyint 2000
701170121Whites - Vegetarians - FemalesBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFish160.0servings/day0.0 servings/dayCrudeMyint 2000
701570161Whites - Omnivores - FemalesBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFish280.13servings/day0.1 servings/dayCrudeMyint 2000
701970201Blacks - Vegetarians - MalesBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)FishFish60.0g/day0.0 mg/dayCrudeMyint 2000
702370241Blacks - Omnivores - MalesBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)FishFish154.53g/day4530.0 mg/dayCrudeMyint 2000
702770281Whites - Vegetarians - MalesBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)FishFish100.0g/day0.0 mg/dayCrudeMyint 2000
703170321Whites - Omnivores - MalesBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)FishFish159.84g/day9840.0 mg/dayCrudeMyint 2000
703570361Blacks - Vegetarians - FemalesBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)FishFish40.0g/day0.0 mg/dayCrudeMyint 2000
703970401Blacks - Omnivores - FemalesBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)FishFish2911.29g/day11290.0 mg/dayCrudeMyint 2000
704370441Whites - Vegetarians - FemalesBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)FishFish160.0g/day0.0 mg/dayCrudeMyint 2000
704770481Whites - Omnivores - FemalesBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)FishFish287.6g/day7600.0 mg/dayCrudeMyint 2000
71280AllMiddle-aged women from Tohoku regionJapanJPDietary record (3-day)FishFishes10692.746.118.459.283.9123.9202.1g/day92700.0 mg/day83900.0 mg/dayRegressionEnergy ?Arai 2000
80540AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
Total fish: Fatty fish filet, Fish spread, Fish liver and roe23414.3times/month3.3 times/weekCrudeHjartaker 1997
80560AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFish spread2343.5slices/week3.5 slices/weekCrudeHjartaker 1997
80570AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFish liver and roe2343.5times/year0.1 times/weekCrudeHjartaker 1997
84890AllControls from a dietary intervention trialDenmarkDKWeighed Dietary record (7-day)FishFish2424.016.00.067.0g/day24000.0 mg/dayCrudeMarckmann 1995
86360AllPregnant women in ArhusDenmarkDKFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFish13525.0g/day25000.0 mg/dayCrudeOlsen 1995

Correlation values

IDIntake IDExcretion IDSubject groupPopulationCountryCountry codeCohortIntake Time definitionIntake assessmentIntakeIntake detailSupplement intakes included?Intake Arithmetic meanIntake Geometric meanIntake MedianIntake UnitIntake Adjusted onBiomarker Time definitionBiological specimenBiomarker Experimental methodBiomarkerBiomarker detailBiomarker Arithmetic meanBiomarker Geometric meanBiomarker MedianBiomarker UnitBiomarker Adjusted onCorrelation sizeCorrelation typeCorrelation valueCorrelation 95% CI lowerCorrelation 95% CI upperCorrelation p-valueSignificant?Measurement adjustmentDeattenuated?CovariatesPublication
127115611563AllPregnant women in Ljubljana and surroundingsSloveniaSIpregnancyFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishCod
Gilt-head bream
Sea bass
Trout-family fish
Tuna
6.36.0portions/monthpregnancyHairAtomic absorption spectrometry (AAS)Mercury377.0297.0ng/g574Spearman0.350.280.42< 0.05YesMiklavcic 2011
127215611562AllPregnant women in Ljubljana and surroundingsSloveniaSIpregnancyFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishCod
Gilt-head bream
Sea bass
Trout-family fish
Tuna
6.36.0portions/monthdeliveryCord bloodAtomic absorption spectrometry (AAS)Mercury2.01.5ng/g446Spearman0.430.360.51< 0.05YesMiklavcic 2011
127315611564AllPregnant women in Ljubljana and surroundingsSloveniaSIpregnancyFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishCod
Gilt-head bream
Sea bass
Trout-family fish
Tuna
6.36.0portions/monthdelivery + 1 to 2 monthsBreast milkAtomic absorption spectrometry (AAS)Mercury0.30.2ng/g284Spearman0.08-0.040.2>= 0.05NoMiklavcic 2011
127415611565AllPregnant women in Ljubljana and surroundingsSloveniaSIpregnancyFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishCod
Gilt-head bream
Sea bass
Trout-family fish
Tuna
6.36.0portions/monthdeliveryCord bloodAtomic absorption spectrometry (AAS)Methylmercuryng/g446Spearman0.310.060.52< 0.05YesMiklavcic 2011
128515661573MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish80.0g/daySerum, fastingGC-HRMS2,3,4,7,8-PeCDF85.0pg/gFat125Spearman0.47 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
129115661574MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish80.0g/daySerum, fastingGC-HRMSOCDD320.0pg/gFat125Spearman0.19 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
130315661576MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish80.0g/daySerum, fastingGC-HRMSPCB-126190.0pg/gFat125Spearman0.5 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
130915661577MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish80.0g/daySerum, fastingGC-HRMSPCB-153410.0ng/gFat125Spearman0.41 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
131515661578MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish80.0g/dayWhole blood, fastingGC-ID-MSMethylmercury5.2ng/mL125Spearman0.43 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
136315661579MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish80.0g/daySerum, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
6.8percentRoot125Spearman0.38 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
136915661580MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish80.0g/daySerum, fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)2.2percentRoot125Spearman0.36 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
137515661581MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish80.0g/daySerum, fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)3.9percentRoot125Spearman0.37 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
138115661583MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish80.0g/daySerum, fastingGC-FIDalpha-Linolenic acid (ALA; cis-18:3n-3)0.9percentRoot125Spearman0.0 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
138715661584MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish80.0g/daySerum, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
30.0percentRoot125Spearman-0.05 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
128715681573MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish14.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-HRMS2,3,4,7,8-PeCDF85.0pg/gFat125Spearman0.42 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
129315681574MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish14.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-HRMSOCDD320.0pg/gFat125Spearman0.08 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
130515681576MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish14.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-HRMSPCB-126190.0pg/gFat125Spearman0.41 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
131115681577MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish14.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-HRMSPCB-153410.0ng/gFat125Spearman0.4 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
131715681578MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish14.0times/monthWhole blood, fastingGC-ID-MSMethylmercury5.2ng/mL125Spearman0.39 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
136515681579MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish14.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
6.8percentRoot125Spearman0.35 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
137115681580MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish14.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)2.2percentRoot125Spearman0.34 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
137715681581MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish14.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)3.9percentRoot125Spearman0.35 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
138315681583MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish14.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-FIDalpha-Linolenic acid (ALA; cis-18:3n-3)0.9percentRoot125Spearman-0.06 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
138915681584MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish14.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
30.0percentRoot125Spearman-0.04 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
128815691573MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
Lean fish
14.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-HRMS2,3,4,7,8-PeCDF85.0pg/gFat125Spearman0.45 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
129415691574MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
Lean fish
14.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-HRMSOCDD320.0pg/gFat125Spearman0.07 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
130615691576MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
Lean fish
14.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-HRMSPCB-126190.0pg/gFat125Spearman0.44 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
131215691577MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
Lean fish
14.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-HRMSPCB-153410.0ng/gFat125Spearman0.42 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
131815691578MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
Lean fish
14.0times/monthWhole blood, fastingGC-ID-MSMethylmercury5.2ng/mL125Spearman0.4 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
136615691579MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
Lean fish
14.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
6.8percentRoot125Spearman0.32 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
137215691580MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
Lean fish
14.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)2.2percentRoot125Spearman0.33 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
137815691581MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
Lean fish
14.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)3.9percentRoot125Spearman0.33 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
138415691583MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
Lean fish
14.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-FIDalpha-Linolenic acid (ALA; cis-18:3n-3)0.9percentRoot125Spearman-0.01 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
139015691584MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
Lean fish
14.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
30.0percentRoot125Spearman-0.1 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
132715851592FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish61.0g/daySerum, fastingGC-HRMS2,3,4,7,8-PeCDF46.0pg/gFat139Spearman0.34 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
133315851593FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish61.0g/daySerum, fastingGC-HRMSOCDD410.0pg/gFat139Spearman-0.11 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
134515851595FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish61.0g/daySerum, fastingGC-HRMSPCB-126120.0pg/gFat139Spearman0.32 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
135115851596FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish61.0g/daySerum, fastingGC-HRMSPCB-153200.0ng/gFat139Spearman0.31 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
135715851597FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish61.0g/dayWhole blood, fastingGC-ID-MSMethylmercury2.9ng/mL139Spearman0.45 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
139315851598FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish61.0g/daySerum, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
6.8percentRoot139Spearman0.31 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
139915851599FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish61.0g/daySerum, fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)1.8percentRoot139Spearman0.19 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
140515851600FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish61.0g/daySerum, fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)4.4percentRoot139Spearman0.29 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
141115851602FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish61.0g/daySerum, fastingGC-FIDalpha-Linolenic acid (ALA; cis-18:3n-3)0.89percentRoot139Spearman0.01 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
141715851603FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish61.0g/daySerum, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
31.0percentRoot139Spearman0.02 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
132915871592FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish12.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-HRMS2,3,4,7,8-PeCDF46.0pg/gFat139Spearman0.44 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
133515871593FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish12.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-HRMSOCDD410.0pg/gFat139Spearman0.08 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
134715871595FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish12.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-HRMSPCB-126120.0pg/gFat139Spearman0.45 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
135315871596FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish12.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-HRMSPCB-153200.0ng/gFat139Spearman0.4 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
135915871597FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish12.0times/monthWhole blood, fastingGC-ID-MSMethylmercury2.9ng/mL139Spearman0.5 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
139515871598FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish12.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
6.8percentRoot139Spearman0.34 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
140115871599FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish12.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)1.8percentRoot139Spearman0.34 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
140715871600FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish12.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)4.4percentRoot139Spearman0.27 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
141315871602FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish12.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-FIDalpha-Linolenic acid (ALA; cis-18:3n-3)0.89percentRoot139Spearman0.04 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
141915871603FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish12.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
31.0percentRoot139Spearman-0.05 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
133015881592FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
Lean fish
12.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-HRMS2,3,4,7,8-PeCDF46.0pg/gFat139Spearman0.32 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
133615881593FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
Lean fish
12.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-HRMSOCDD410.0pg/gFat139Spearman0.02 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
134815881595FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
Lean fish
12.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-HRMSPCB-126120.0pg/gFat139Spearman0.35 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
135415881596FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
Lean fish
12.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-HRMSPCB-153200.0ng/gFat139Spearman0.27 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
136015881597FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
Lean fish
12.0times/monthWhole blood, fastingGC-ID-MSMethylmercury2.9ng/mL139Spearman0.42 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
139615881598FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
Lean fish
12.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
6.8percentRoot139Spearman0.2 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
140215881599FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
Lean fish
12.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)1.8percentRoot139Spearman0.24 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
140815881600FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
Lean fish
12.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)4.4percentRoot139Spearman0.16 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
141415881602FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
Lean fish
12.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-FIDalpha-Linolenic acid (ALA; cis-18:3n-3)0.89percentRoot139Spearman-0.02 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
142015881603FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
Lean fish
12.0times/monthSerum, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
31.0percentRoot139Spearman-0.03 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
142316041606MalesSubjects with data on fish consumptionFinlandFIHealth 2000baselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish48.0g/daySerum, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
3.9percentRoot577Spearman0.35 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
142516041607MalesSubjects with data on fish consumptionFinlandFIHealth 2000baselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish48.0g/daySerum, fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)1.2percentRoot577Spearman0.29 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
142716041608MalesSubjects with data on fish consumptionFinlandFIHealth 2000baselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish48.0g/daySerum, fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)2.2percentRoot577Spearman0.37 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
142916041610MalesSubjects with data on fish consumptionFinlandFIHealth 2000baselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish48.0g/daySerum, fastingGC-FIDalpha-Linolenic acid (ALA; cis-18:3n-3)0.81percentRoot577Spearman0.02 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
143116041611MalesSubjects with data on fish consumptionFinlandFIHealth 2000baselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish48.0g/daySerum, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
32.0percentRoot577Spearman0.03 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
143316121614FemalesSubjects with data on fish consumptionFinlandFIHealth 2000baselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish46.0g/daySerum, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
4.0percentRoot712Spearman0.27 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
143516121615FemalesSubjects with data on fish consumptionFinlandFIHealth 2000baselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish46.0g/daySerum, fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)1.2percentRoot712Spearman0.26 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
143716121616FemalesSubjects with data on fish consumptionFinlandFIHealth 2000baselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish46.0g/daySerum, fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)2.2percentRoot712Spearman0.26 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
143916121618FemalesSubjects with data on fish consumptionFinlandFIHealth 2000baselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish46.0g/daySerum, fastingGC-FIDalpha-Linolenic acid (ALA; cis-18:3n-3)0.81percentRoot712Spearman0.02 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
144116121619FemalesSubjects with data on fish consumptionFinlandFIHealth 2000baselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish46.0g/daySerum, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
32.0percentRoot712Spearman-0.06 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
209821542163Children - MalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)FishFatty fish
20.4g/1000 kcalEnergyRed blood cell membrane, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)0.71percentRoot106Spearman0.107= 0.278NoEnergy by density method ?BMIOkuda 2009
209921542164Children - MalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)FishFatty fish
20.4g/1000 kcalEnergyRed blood cell membrane, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDDPA (cis-22:5n-3)2.22percentRoot106Spearman0.036= 0.718NoEnergy by density method ?BMIOkuda 2009
210021542165Children - MalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)FishFatty fish
20.4g/1000 kcalEnergyRed blood cell membrane, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)6.82percentRoot106Spearman0.189= 0.054NoEnergy by density method ?BMIOkuda 2009
210121542166Children - MalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)FishFatty fish
20.4g/1000 kcalEnergyRed blood cell membrane, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
9.76percentRoot106Spearman0.157= 0.109NoEnergy by density method ?BMIOkuda 2009
211021802189Children - FemalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)FishFatty fish
20.3g/1000 kcalEnergyRed blood cell membrane, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)0.71percentRoot85Spearman0.128= 0.246NoEnergy by density method ?BMIOkuda 2009
211121802190Children - FemalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)FishFatty fish
20.3g/1000 kcalEnergyRed blood cell membrane, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDDPA (cis-22:5n-3)2.14percentRoot85Spearman0.168= 0.126NoEnergy by density method ?BMIOkuda 2009
211221802191Children - FemalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)FishFatty fish
20.3g/1000 kcalEnergyRed blood cell membrane, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)6.86percentRoot85Spearman-0.073= 0.508NoEnergy by density method ?BMIOkuda 2009
211321802192Children - FemalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)FishFatty fish
20.3g/1000 kcalEnergyRed blood cell membrane, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
9.73percentRoot85Spearman0.07= 0.526NoEnergy by density method ?BMIOkuda 2009
212222062215Adolescents - MalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)FishFatty fish
27.0g/1000 kcalEnergyRed blood cell membrane, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)0.71percentRoot91Spearman0.363< 0.001YesEnergy by density method ?BMIOkuda 2009
212322062216Adolescents - MalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)FishFatty fish
27.0g/1000 kcalEnergyRed blood cell membrane, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDDPA (cis-22:5n-3)2.24percentRoot91Spearman0.111= 0.298NoEnergy by density method ?BMIOkuda 2009
212422062217Adolescents - MalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)FishFatty fish
27.0g/1000 kcalEnergyRed blood cell membrane, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)6.52percentRoot91Spearman0.188= 0.077NoEnergy by density method ?BMIOkuda 2009
212522062218Adolescents - MalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)FishFatty fish
27.0g/1000 kcalEnergyRed blood cell membrane, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
9.49percentRoot91Spearman0.213= 0.044YesEnergy by density method ?BMIOkuda 2009
213422322241Adolescents - FemalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)FishFatty fish
26.2g/1000 kcalEnergyRed blood cell membrane, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)0.72percentRoot75Spearman0.19= 0.105NoEnergy by density method ?BMIOkuda 2009
213522322242Adolescents - FemalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)FishFatty fish
26.2g/1000 kcalEnergyRed blood cell membrane, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDDPA (cis-22:5n-3)2.2percentRoot75Spearman0.315= 0.006YesEnergy by density method ?BMIOkuda 2009
213622322243Adolescents - FemalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)FishFatty fish
26.2g/1000 kcalEnergyRed blood cell membrane, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)6.55percentRoot75Spearman0.446< 0.001YesEnergy by density method ?BMIOkuda 2009
213722322244Adolescents - FemalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)FishFatty fish
26.2g/1000 kcalEnergyRed blood cell membrane, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
9.49percentRoot75Spearman0.456< 0.001YesEnergy by density method ?BMIOkuda 2009
251726542679All [by ethnicity]Multi-ethnic populationUnited StatesUSMESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish1.0times/weekPlasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
percentRoot835Pearson0.38< 0.05YesChung 2008
252026572679All [by ethnicity]Multi-ethnic populationUnited StatesUSMESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish0.2times/weekPlasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
percentRoot835Pearson0.05>= 0.05NoChung 2008
249326592680WhitesMulti-ethnic populationUnited StatesUSMESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish1.0times/weekPlasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
percentRoot397Pearson0.46< 0.05YesChung 2008
249626622680WhitesMulti-ethnic populationUnited StatesUSMESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish0.1times/weekPlasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
percentRoot397Pearson0.03>= 0.05NoChung 2008
249926642681Chinese AmericansMulti-ethnic populationUnited StatesUSMESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish1.6times/weekPlasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
percentRoot70Pearson0.4< 0.05YesChung 2008
250226672681Chinese AmericansMulti-ethnic populationUnited StatesUSMESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish0.5times/weekPlasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
percentRoot70Pearson0.12>= 0.05NoChung 2008
250526692682African AmericansMulti-ethnic populationUnited StatesUSMESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish1.2times/weekPlasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
percentRoot168Pearson0.24< 0.05YesChung 2008
250826722682African AmericansMulti-ethnic populationUnited StatesUSMESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish0.2times/weekPlasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
percentRoot168Pearson0.2>= 0.05NoChung 2008
251126742683HispanicsMulti-ethnic populationUnited StatesUSMESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish0.6times/weekPlasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
percentRoot200Pearson0.39< 0.05YesChung 2008
251426772683HispanicsMulti-ethnic populationUnited StatesUSMESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish0.2times/weekPlasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
percentRoot200Pearson-0.05>= 0.05NoChung 2008
297230533020MalesMiddle-aged participants in a nested case-control studyFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (1-day)FishFatty fish
Lean fish
g/dayPlasma, fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)1.36percentRoot276Spearman0.22< 0.001YesAstorg 2008
297330533022MalesMiddle-aged participants in a nested case-control studyFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (1-day)FishFatty fish
Lean fish
g/dayPlasma, fastingGC-FIDDPA (cis-22:5n-3)0.54percentRoot276Spearman0.02>= 0.05NoAstorg 2008
297430533023MalesMiddle-aged participants in a nested case-control studyFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (1-day)FishFatty fish
Lean fish
g/dayPlasma, fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)2.49percentRoot276Spearman0.18< 0.01YesAstorg 2008
298730583047FemalesMiddle-aged participants in a nested case-control studyFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (1-day)FishFatty fish
Lean fish
g/dayPlasma, fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)1.29percentRoot257Spearman0.23< 0.001YesAstorg 2008
298830583049FemalesMiddle-aged participants in a nested case-control studyFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (1-day)FishFatty fish
Lean fish
g/dayPlasma, fastingGC-FIDDPA (cis-22:5n-3)0.54percentRoot257Spearman0.05>= 0.05NoAstorg 2008
298930583050FemalesMiddle-aged participants in a nested case-control studyFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (1-day)FishFatty fish
Lean fish
g/dayPlasma, fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)2.65percentRoot257Spearman0.26< 0.001YesAstorg 2008
313033053315AllVolunteers from the Perth metropolitan areaAustraliaAUFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
Fish
Lean fish
215.0g/weekRed blood cell membrane, fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)1.421.33percentRoot88Spearman0.31< 0.05YesMina 2007
314233053317AllVolunteers from the Perth metropolitan areaAustraliaAUFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
Fish
Lean fish
215.0g/weekRed blood cell membrane, fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)5.285.17percentRoot88Spearman0.28< 0.05YesMina 2007
313133063315AllVolunteers from the Perth metropolitan areaAustraliaAUFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish104.0g/weekRed blood cell membrane, fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)1.421.33percentRoot80Spearman0.25< 0.05YesMina 2007
314333063317AllVolunteers from the Perth metropolitan areaAustraliaAUFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish104.0g/weekRed blood cell membrane, fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)5.285.17percentRoot80Spearman0.18>= 0.05NoMina 2007
313233073315AllVolunteers from the Perth metropolitan areaAustraliaAUFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish21.0g/weekRed blood cell membrane, fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)1.421.33percentRoot62Spearman0.04>= 0.05NoMina 2007
314433073317AllVolunteers from the Perth metropolitan areaAustraliaAUFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish21.0g/weekRed blood cell membrane, fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)5.285.17percentRoot62Spearman0.11>= 0.05NoMina 2007
430244524446MalesControls in nested case-control studies on fatty acids and cancer risksJapanJPJACC Study (Japan Collaborative Cohort Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishmissing unitPlasma, non-fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)2.82percentRoot621Spearman0.16< 0.001YesAgeWakai 2005
430544524447MalesControls in nested case-control studies on fatty acids and cancer risksJapanJPJACC Study (Japan Collaborative Cohort Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishmissing unitPlasma, non-fastingGC-FIDDPA (cis-22:5n-3)0.85percentRoot621Spearman0.14< 0.001YesAgeWakai 2005
430844524448MalesControls in nested case-control studies on fatty acids and cancer risksJapanJPJACC Study (Japan Collaborative Cohort Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishmissing unitPlasma, non-fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)5.07percentRoot621Spearman0.16< 0.001YesAgeWakai 2005
430344534446MalesControls in nested case-control studies on fatty acids and cancer risksJapanJPJACC Study (Japan Collaborative Cohort Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishmissing unitPlasma, non-fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)2.82percentRoot436Spearman0.04>= 0.1NoAgeWakai 2005
430644534447MalesControls in nested case-control studies on fatty acids and cancer risksJapanJPJACC Study (Japan Collaborative Cohort Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishmissing unitPlasma, non-fastingGC-FIDDPA (cis-22:5n-3)0.85percentRoot436Spearman0.04>= 0.1NoAgeWakai 2005
430944534448MalesControls in nested case-control studies on fatty acids and cancer risksJapanJPJACC Study (Japan Collaborative Cohort Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishmissing unitPlasma, non-fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)5.07percentRoot436Spearman0.08>= 0.1NoAgeWakai 2005
430444544446MalesControls in nested case-control studies on fatty acids and cancer risksJapanJPJACC Study (Japan Collaborative Cohort Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishmissing unitPlasma, non-fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)2.82percentRoot595Spearman0.16< 0.001YesAgeWakai 2005
430744544447MalesControls in nested case-control studies on fatty acids and cancer risksJapanJPJACC Study (Japan Collaborative Cohort Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishmissing unitPlasma, non-fastingGC-FIDDPA (cis-22:5n-3)0.85percentRoot595Spearman0.11< 0.01YesAgeWakai 2005
431044544448MalesControls in nested case-control studies on fatty acids and cancer risksJapanJPJACC Study (Japan Collaborative Cohort Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishmissing unitPlasma, non-fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)5.07percentRoot595Spearman0.18< 0.001YesAgeWakai 2005
431144554449FemalesControls in nested case-control studies on fatty acids and cancer risksJapanJPJACC Study (Japan Collaborative Cohort Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishmissing unitPlasma, non-fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)2.47percentRoot612Spearman0.12< 0.01YesAgeWakai 2005
431444554450FemalesControls in nested case-control studies on fatty acids and cancer risksJapanJPJACC Study (Japan Collaborative Cohort Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishmissing unitPlasma, non-fastingGC-FIDDPA (cis-22:5n-3)0.8percentRoot612Spearman0.05>= 0.1NoAgeWakai 2005
431744554451FemalesControls in nested case-control studies on fatty acids and cancer risksJapanJPJACC Study (Japan Collaborative Cohort Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishmissing unitPlasma, non-fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)4.93percentRoot612Spearman0.05>= 0.1NoAgeWakai 2005
431244564449FemalesControls in nested case-control studies on fatty acids and cancer risksJapanJPJACC Study (Japan Collaborative Cohort Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishmissing unitPlasma, non-fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)2.47percentRoot444Spearman-0.01>= 0.1NoAgeWakai 2005
431544564450FemalesControls in nested case-control studies on fatty acids and cancer risksJapanJPJACC Study (Japan Collaborative Cohort Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishmissing unitPlasma, non-fastingGC-FIDDPA (cis-22:5n-3)0.8percentRoot444Spearman0.05>= 0.1NoAgeWakai 2005
431844564451FemalesControls in nested case-control studies on fatty acids and cancer risksJapanJPJACC Study (Japan Collaborative Cohort Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishmissing unitPlasma, non-fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)4.93percentRoot444Spearman0.03>= 0.1NoAgeWakai 2005
431344574449FemalesControls in nested case-control studies on fatty acids and cancer risksJapanJPJACC Study (Japan Collaborative Cohort Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishmissing unitPlasma, non-fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)2.47percentRoot564Spearman0.08< 0.1NoAgeWakai 2005
431644574450FemalesControls in nested case-control studies on fatty acids and cancer risksJapanJPJACC Study (Japan Collaborative Cohort Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishmissing unitPlasma, non-fastingGC-FIDDPA (cis-22:5n-3)0.8percentRoot564Spearman0.11< 0.01YesAgeWakai 2005
431944574451FemalesControls in nested case-control studies on fatty acids and cancer risksJapanJPJACC Study (Japan Collaborative Cohort Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishmissing unitPlasma, non-fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)4.93percentRoot564Spearman0.06>= 0.1NoAgeWakai 2005
569459015908AllWomenUnited StatesUSNYUWHS (New York University Women's Health Study)baselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishmissing unitbaselineSerum, non-fastingHPLCbeta-Carotenemissing unit302Spearman0.2< 0.01YesBMIvan Kappel 2001
570159015909AllWomenUnited StatesUSNYUWHS (New York University Women's Health Study)baselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishmissing unitbaselineSerum, non-fastingHPLCalpha-Carotenemissing unit302Spearman0.23< 0.01YesBMIvan Kappel 2001
570859015910AllWomenUnited StatesUSNYUWHS (New York University Women's Health Study)baselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishmissing unitbaselineSerum, non-fastingHPLCLuteinmissing unit302Spearman0.12< 0.05YesBMIvan Kappel 2001
571759015912AllWomenUnited StatesUSNYUWHS (New York University Women's Health Study)baselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishmissing unitbaselineSerum, non-fastingHPLCbeta-Cryptoxanthinmissing unit302Spearman0.12< 0.05YesBMIvan Kappel 2001
659070677093BlacksBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishservings/dayUrine, overnightIon exchange chromatography (IEC)1-Methylhistidineumol/gCreatinine54Spearman0.32= 0.02YesAge, SexMyint 2000
661470677094BlacksBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishservings/dayUrine, overnightIon exchange chromatography (IEC)3-Methylhistidineumol/gCreatinine54Spearman0.2= 0.15NoAge, SexMyint 2000
659470757093BlacksBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Fishg/dayUrine, overnightIon exchange chromatography (IEC)1-Methylhistidineumol/gCreatinine54Spearman0.07= 0.6NoAge, SexMyint 2000
661870757094BlacksBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Fishg/dayUrine, overnightIon exchange chromatography (IEC)3-Methylhistidineumol/gCreatinine54Spearman0.17= 0.23NoAge, SexMyint 2000
659870797095WhitesBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishservings/dayUrine, overnightIon exchange chromatography (IEC)1-Methylhistidineumol/gCreatinine69Spearman0.48< 0.001YesAge, SexMyint 2000
662270797096WhitesBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishservings/dayUrine, overnightIon exchange chromatography (IEC)3-Methylhistidineumol/gCreatinine69Spearman0.15= 0.22NoAge, SexMyint 2000
660270837095WhitesBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Fishg/dayUrine, overnightIon exchange chromatography (IEC)1-Methylhistidineumol/gCreatinine69Spearman0.43< 0.001YesAge, SexMyint 2000
662670837096WhitesBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Fishg/dayUrine, overnightIon exchange chromatography (IEC)3-Methylhistidineumol/gCreatinine69Spearman0.02= 0.85NoAge, SexMyint 2000
660670877097AllBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishservings/dayUrine, overnightIon exchange chromatography (IEC)1-Methylhistidineumol/gCreatinine123Spearman0.38< 0.001YesAge, Sex, RaceMyint 2000
663070877098AllBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishservings/dayUrine, overnightIon exchange chromatography (IEC)3-Methylhistidineumol/gCreatinine123Spearman0.19= 0.03YesAge, Sex, RaceMyint 2000
661070917097AllBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Fishg/dayUrine, overnightIon exchange chromatography (IEC)1-Methylhistidineumol/gCreatinine123Spearman0.26= 0.005YesAge, Sex, RaceMyint 2000
663470917098AllBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Fishg/dayUrine, overnightIon exchange chromatography (IEC)3-Methylhistidineumol/gCreatinine123Spearman0.1= 0.26NoAge, Sex, RaceMyint 2000
725480548027AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
14.3times/monthSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acidsArachidic acid (20:0)
Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)
Behenic acid (22:0)
DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
Dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA; cis-20:3n-6)
Docosatetraenoic acid (DTA; cis-22:4n-6)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
Eicosadienoic acid (cis-20:2n-6)
Lignoceric acid (24:0)
Linoleic acid (LA; cis-18:2n-6)
Mead acid (cis-20:3n-9)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Nervonic acid (cis-24:1n-9)
Oleic acid (cis-18:1n-9)
Osbond acid (cis-22:5n-6)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Palmitoleic acid (cis-16:1n-7)
Stearic acid (18:0)
alpha-Linolenic acid (ALA; cis-18:3n-3)
cis-Cetoleic acid (cis-22:1n-11)
cis-Eicosenoic acids (cis-20:1)
1215.7mg/L234Pearson0.01>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
725580548013AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
14.3times/monthSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDLinoleic acid (LA; cis-18:2n-6)24.67percentRoot234Pearson-0.09>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
725680548015AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
14.3times/monthSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDDihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA; cis-20:3n-6)2.96percentRoot234Pearson-0.02>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
725780548016AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
14.3times/monthSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)8.75percentRoot234Pearson0.07>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
725880548017AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
14.3times/monthSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDDocosatetraenoic acid (DTA; cis-22:4n-6)0.23percentRoot234Pearson-0.1>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
725980548018AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
14.3times/monthSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDOsbond acid (cis-22:5n-6)0.09percentRoot234Pearson-0.1>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
726080548019AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
14.3times/monthSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDalpha-Linolenic acid (ALA; cis-18:3n-3)0.19percentRoot234Pearson-0.08>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
726180548020AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
14.3times/monthSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)1.98percentRoot234Pearson0.09>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
726280548021AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
14.3times/monthSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDDPA (cis-22:5n-3)1.33percentRoot234Pearson0.12>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
726380548022AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
14.3times/monthSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)6.92percentRoot234Pearson0.15>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
726480548023AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
14.3times/monthSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Behenic acid (22:0)
Lignoceric acid (24:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
41.36percentRoot234Pearson-0.02>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
726580548024AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
14.3times/monthSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, monounsaturated (MUFA)Nervonic acid (cis-24:1n-9)
Oleic acid (cis-18:1n-9)
Palmitoleic acid (cis-16:1n-7)
cis-Cetoleic acid (cis-22:1n-11)
cis-Eicosenoic acids (cis-20:1)
11.02percentRoot234Pearson-0.12>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
726680548025AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
14.3times/monthSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n6-polyunsaturated (n6-PUFA)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)
Dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA; cis-20:3n-6)
Docosatetraenoic acid (DTA; cis-22:4n-6)
Eicosadienoic acid (cis-20:2n-6)
Linoleic acid (LA; cis-18:2n-6)
Osbond acid (cis-22:5n-6)
37.08percentRoot234Pearson-0.07>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
726780548026AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
14.3times/monthSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
alpha-Linolenic acid (ALA; cis-18:3n-3)
10.43percentRoot234Pearson0.13>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
728280568027AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish3.5slices/weekSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acidsArachidic acid (20:0)
Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)
Behenic acid (22:0)
DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
Dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA; cis-20:3n-6)
Docosatetraenoic acid (DTA; cis-22:4n-6)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
Eicosadienoic acid (cis-20:2n-6)
Lignoceric acid (24:0)
Linoleic acid (LA; cis-18:2n-6)
Mead acid (cis-20:3n-9)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Nervonic acid (cis-24:1n-9)
Oleic acid (cis-18:1n-9)
Osbond acid (cis-22:5n-6)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Palmitoleic acid (cis-16:1n-7)
Stearic acid (18:0)
alpha-Linolenic acid (ALA; cis-18:3n-3)
cis-Cetoleic acid (cis-22:1n-11)
cis-Eicosenoic acids (cis-20:1)
1215.7mg/L234Pearson0.0>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
728380568013AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish3.5slices/weekSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDLinoleic acid (LA; cis-18:2n-6)24.67percentRoot234Pearson-0.01>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
728480568015AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish3.5slices/weekSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDDihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA; cis-20:3n-6)2.96percentRoot234Pearson-0.18< 0.01YesHjartaker 1997
728580568016AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish3.5slices/weekSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)8.75percentRoot234Pearson-0.13>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
728680568017AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish3.5slices/weekSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDDocosatetraenoic acid (DTA; cis-22:4n-6)0.23percentRoot234Pearson-0.27< 0.001YesHjartaker 1997
728780568018AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish3.5slices/weekSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDOsbond acid (cis-22:5n-6)0.09percentRoot234Pearson-0.2< 0.01YesHjartaker 1997
728880568019AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish3.5slices/weekSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDalpha-Linolenic acid (ALA; cis-18:3n-3)0.19percentRoot234Pearson-0.02>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
728980568020AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish3.5slices/weekSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)1.98percentRoot234Pearson0.16>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
729080568021AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish3.5slices/weekSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDDPA (cis-22:5n-3)1.33percentRoot234Pearson0.09>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
729180568022AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish3.5slices/weekSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)6.92percentRoot234Pearson0.18< 0.01YesHjartaker 1997
729280568023AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish3.5slices/weekSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Behenic acid (22:0)
Lignoceric acid (24:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
41.36percentRoot234Pearson0.02>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
729380568024AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish3.5slices/weekSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, monounsaturated (MUFA)Nervonic acid (cis-24:1n-9)
Oleic acid (cis-18:1n-9)
Palmitoleic acid (cis-16:1n-7)
cis-Cetoleic acid (cis-22:1n-11)
cis-Eicosenoic acids (cis-20:1)
11.02percentRoot234Pearson-0.09>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
729480568025AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish3.5slices/weekSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n6-polyunsaturated (n6-PUFA)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)
Dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA; cis-20:3n-6)
Docosatetraenoic acid (DTA; cis-22:4n-6)
Eicosadienoic acid (cis-20:2n-6)
Linoleic acid (LA; cis-18:2n-6)
Osbond acid (cis-22:5n-6)
37.08percentRoot234Pearson-0.13>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
729580568026AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish3.5slices/weekSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
alpha-Linolenic acid (ALA; cis-18:3n-3)
10.43percentRoot234Pearson0.18< 0.01YesHjartaker 1997
729680578027AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish3.5times/yearSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acidsArachidic acid (20:0)
Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)
Behenic acid (22:0)
DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
Dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA; cis-20:3n-6)
Docosatetraenoic acid (DTA; cis-22:4n-6)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
Eicosadienoic acid (cis-20:2n-6)
Lignoceric acid (24:0)
Linoleic acid (LA; cis-18:2n-6)
Mead acid (cis-20:3n-9)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Nervonic acid (cis-24:1n-9)
Oleic acid (cis-18:1n-9)
Osbond acid (cis-22:5n-6)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Palmitoleic acid (cis-16:1n-7)
Stearic acid (18:0)
alpha-Linolenic acid (ALA; cis-18:3n-3)
cis-Cetoleic acid (cis-22:1n-11)
cis-Eicosenoic acids (cis-20:1)
1215.7mg/L234Pearson0.01>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
729780578013AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish3.5times/yearSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDLinoleic acid (LA; cis-18:2n-6)24.67percentRoot234Pearson-0.1>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
729880578015AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish3.5times/yearSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDDihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA; cis-20:3n-6)2.96percentRoot234Pearson-0.04>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
729980578016AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish3.5times/yearSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)8.75percentRoot234Pearson-0.08>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
730080578017AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish3.5times/yearSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDDocosatetraenoic acid (DTA; cis-22:4n-6)0.23percentRoot234Pearson-0.21< 0.01YesHjartaker 1997
730180578018AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish3.5times/yearSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDOsbond acid (cis-22:5n-6)0.09percentRoot234Pearson-0.12>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
730280578019AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish3.5times/yearSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDalpha-Linolenic acid (ALA; cis-18:3n-3)0.19percentRoot234Pearson0.09>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
730380578020AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish3.5times/yearSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)1.98percentRoot234Pearson0.15>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
730480578021AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish3.5times/yearSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDDPA (cis-22:5n-3)1.33percentRoot234Pearson0.13>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
730580578022AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish3.5times/yearSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)6.92percentRoot234Pearson0.21< 0.01YesHjartaker 1997
730680578023AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish3.5times/yearSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Behenic acid (22:0)
Lignoceric acid (24:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
41.36percentRoot234Pearson0.02>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
730780578024AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish3.5times/yearSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, monounsaturated (MUFA)Nervonic acid (cis-24:1n-9)
Oleic acid (cis-18:1n-9)
Palmitoleic acid (cis-16:1n-7)
cis-Cetoleic acid (cis-22:1n-11)
cis-Eicosenoic acids (cis-20:1)
11.02percentRoot234Pearson-0.06>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
730880578025AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish3.5times/yearSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n6-polyunsaturated (n6-PUFA)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)
Dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA; cis-20:3n-6)
Docosatetraenoic acid (DTA; cis-22:4n-6)
Eicosadienoic acid (cis-20:2n-6)
Linoleic acid (LA; cis-18:2n-6)
Osbond acid (cis-22:5n-6)
37.08percentRoot234Pearson-0.16>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
730980578026AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fish3.5times/yearSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
alpha-Linolenic acid (ALA; cis-18:3n-3)
10.43percentRoot234Pearson0.2< 0.01YesHjartaker 1997
734180618047AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
Fish
g/daySerum, non-fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)24.09mg/L234Spearman0.15>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
734280618049AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
Fish
g/daySerum, non-fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)83.85mg/L234Spearman0.15>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
734380618053AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)FishFatty fish
Fish
g/daySerum, non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
alpha-Linolenic acid (ALA; cis-18:3n-3)
126.48mg/L234Spearman0.16>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
734780638047AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishg/daySerum, non-fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)24.09mg/L234Spearman0.27< 0.001YesHjartaker 1997
734880638049AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishg/daySerum, non-fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)83.85mg/L234Spearman0.25< 0.001YesHjartaker 1997
734980638053AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishg/daySerum, non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
alpha-Linolenic acid (ALA; cis-18:3n-3)
126.48mg/L234Spearman0.25< 0.001YesHjartaker 1997
735080648047AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishg/daySerum, non-fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)24.09mg/L234Spearman0.2< 0.01YesHjartaker 1997
735180648049AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishg/daySerum, non-fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)83.85mg/L234Spearman0.25< 0.001YesHjartaker 1997
735280648053AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fishg/daySerum, non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
alpha-Linolenic acid (ALA; cis-18:3n-3)
126.48mg/L234Spearman0.24< 0.001YesHjartaker 1997
759784898494AllControls from a dietary intervention trialDenmarkDKWeighed Dietary record (7-day)Fish24.0g/dayAdipose tissue, buttocksGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)0.06percentRoot24Pearson0.4>= 0.05NoMarckmann 1995
760284898495AllControls from a dietary intervention trialDenmarkDKWeighed Dietary record (7-day)Fish24.0g/dayAdipose tissue, buttocksGC-FIDDPA (cis-22:5n-3)0.2percentRoot24Pearson0.28>= 0.05NoMarckmann 1995
760784898496AllControls from a dietary intervention trialDenmarkDKWeighed Dietary record (7-day)Fish24.0g/dayAdipose tissue, buttocksGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)0.21percentRoot24Pearson0.55< 0.01YesMarckmann 1995