Monobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)

ID1397
NameMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)
SynonymsMono-benzyl phthalate
StructureThumb
DescriptionMetabolite of butyl benzyl phthalate (BBzP).
GroupPhthalates
Sub-groupPhthalate monoesters
Exposure sourcePollution
UsePlasticizers
CAS number2528-16-7
PubChem ID31736
ChEBI ID
FooDB ID
HMDB ID

Biomarker measurements

Biomarker concentration values

IDParent IDDepthSubject groupPopulationCountryCountry codeCohortTime definitionBiospecimenAnalytical methodBiomarkerBiomarker detailMeasurement sizeDetected (nb)Detected (%)Detected only?Arithmethic meanArithmethic SDGeometric meanGeometric SDMinMin (detected)Percentile_05Percentile_10Percentile_25MedianPercentile_75Percentile_90Percentile_95MaxInterquartile rangeMean 95% CI lowerMean 95% CI upperGMean 95% CI lowerGMean 95% CI upperUnitConverted arithmetic meanConverted geometric meanConverted medianAdjustment typeAdjusted onRegressed onExpressed asPublication
182350AllHmong womenUnited StatesUSFox River Environment and Diet Study cohort in Green Bay, Wisconsinbaseline; 15 days; 29.5 daysUrine, first morning spotLC-ID-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)45100.020.92.22.815.623.038.165.490.1ug/g20.9 ug/g23.0 ug/gDensityCreatininePeck 2010
186700AllWomen in Washington DCUnited StatesUSA study to screen for uterine fibroids in 1996-1997baseline; 1 dayUrine, first morning spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)4626.518.58.321.6119.7ug/g26.5 ug/g21.6 ug/gDensityCreatinineHoppin 2002
186900AllMinority childrenUnited StatesUSbaseline; 2 weeks; 1 month; 2 months, 3 months; 6 monthsUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)3540.32.836.6287.5823.8ug/g40.3 ug/g36.6 ug/gDensityCreatinineTeitelbaum 2008
187320AllParticipants in a study of reproductive healthDenmarkDKbaseline; 40 days; 83 daysUrine, first morning spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)3398.00.03.2714.833.669.1178.0549.0ng/mL0.0 mg/LCrudeFrederiksen 2013
187480AllParticipants in a study of reproductive healthDenmarkDKbaseline; 4 daysUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)3397.00.02.328.8825.058.9149.0688.0ng/mL0.0 mg/LCrudeFrederiksen 2013
187620AllParticipants in a study of reproductive healthDenmarkDKbaseline; 40 days; 83 daysUrine, 24-hLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)3398.00.02.9611.121.243.5146.0658.0ng/mL0.0 mg/LCrudeFrederiksen 2013
188100AllPregnant women living in the Northern karst area of Puerto RicoPuerto RicoPRPROTECT (Puerto Rico Testsite for Exploring Contamination Threats)baseline; 4 weeks; 8 weeksUrine, spotLC-ID-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)13998.43.91.64.08.130.2305.03.44.4ng/mL0.0 mg/L0.0 mg/LCrudeCantonwine 2014
188940AllWomen seeking evaluation and treatment for infertility at the Massachusetts General HospitalUnited StatesUSEARTH (Environment and Reproductive Health)baseline; 12 weeksUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)1371.83.25.2ug/L0.0 mg/LDensitySpecific gravityBraun 2012
189020AllWomen seeking evaluation and treatment for infertility at the Massachusetts General HospitalUnited StatesUSEARTH (Environment and Reproductive Health)baseline; 15 weeks; 28 weeksUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)1372.03.76.8ug/L0.0 mg/LDensitySpecific gravityBraun 2012
18917205041AllWomenUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)baseline; 2 yearsUrine, first morning spotLC-ID-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)4016.14.214.396.9ng/mg16.1 ug/g14.3 ug/gDensityCreatinineTownsend 2013
192590AllChildren with and without asthma and/or allergiesDenmarkDKIECH (Danish Indoor Environment and Children’s Health)Urine, first morning spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)44198.024.343.013.32.92.57.313.025.874.1ng/mL0.0 mg/L0.0 mg/L0.0 mg/LCrudeLanger 2013
192900AllChildrenGermanyDEGerES IV (German Environmental Survey IV)Urine, first morning spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)59917.518.153.476.2468.016.218.8ug/L0.0 mg/L0.0 mg/LCrudeBecker 2009
193800AllPrimary school starters at the City of FrankfurtGermanyDEUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)11186.026.08.710.188.1344.016.535.4ug/g26.0 ug/g8.7 ug/g10.1 ug/gDensityCreatinineKoch 2011
194170AllAdultsUnited StatesUSNHANES IIIUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)28920.22.15.010.819.536.991.9544.0ug/g20.2 ug/g19.5 ug/gDensityCreatinineBlount 2000
194270MalesEldersSwedenSEPIVUSSerum, fastingLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)5023380.410.735.7ng/mL0.0 mg/LCrudeOlsen 2012
194380FemalesEldersSwedenSEPIVUSSerum, fastingLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)5013500.380.6717.3ng/mL0.0 mg/LCrudeOlsen 2012
194490ChildrenMother-child pairs in rural and urban DenmarkDenmarkDKUrine, first morning spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)14511.02.04.37.412.036.079.0ug/g11.0 ug/g7.4 ug/gDensityCreatinineFrederiksen 2013
194660MothersMother-child pairs in rural and urban DenmarkDenmarkDKUrine, first morning spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)1455.52.54.16.817.032.0ug/g5.5 ug/g4.1 ug/gDensityCreatinineFrederiksen 2013
194900FemalesSubjects living in Central ItalyItalyITUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)8394.014.7453.191.8914.3494.742.9417.68ug/g14.7 ug/g14.3 ug/gDensityCreatinineTranfo 2013
194950MalesSubjects living in Central ItalyItalyITUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)7494.016.4436.192.1119.0110.997.929.45ug/g16.4 ug/g19.0 ug/gDensityCreatinineTranfo 2013
194980ChildrenMother-child pairs in the industrialized city of DuisburgGermanyDEThe Duisburg birth cohort studyUrine, first morning spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)104100.012.210.214.6ug/g12.2 ug/gDensityCreatinineKasper-Sonnenberg 2012
195250MothersMother-child pairs in the industrialized city of DuisburgGermanyDEThe Duisburg birth cohort studyUrine, first morning spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)103100.05.54.86.4ug/g5.5 ug/gDensityCreatinineKasper-Sonnenberg 2012
195610AllPregnant women in two French regionsFranceFRELFE (Étude Longitudinale Francaise depuis l’Enfance)deliveryUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)27927.879.62.013.682.0705.1ug/g27.8 ug/g13.6 ug/gDensityCreatinineZeman 2013
195690AllMothers in southern SwedenSwedenSEUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)383820.013.04.517.027.063.0ug/g20.0 ug/g17.0 ug/gDensityCreatinineHogberg 2008
196040AllMothers in southern SwedenSwedenSEBreast milkLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)4230.640.630.50.50.54.4ng/mL0.0 mg/L0.0 mg/LCrudeHogberg 2008
196130AllPregnant womenNorwayNOMoBa (Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort)Urine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)11016.11ug/g16.1 ug/gDensityCreatinineYe 2009
196290AllPregnant womenNetherlandsNLGeneration R studyUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)10025.15ug/g25.2 ug/gDensityCreatinineYe 2009
196430AllPregnant womenUnited StatesUSNHANESUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)11121.75ug/g21.8 ug/gDensityCreatinineYe 2009
196840UrbanUrban and rural premenstrual girlsEgyptEGUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)289.24.00.22.4101.2ng/mL0.0 mg/L0.0 mg/LDensitySpecific gravityColacino 2011
197000RuralUrban and rural premenstrual girlsEgyptEGUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)291.80.40.10.87.5ng/mL0.0 mg/L0.0 mg/LDensitySpecific gravityColacino 2011
197180AllMinority pregnant women in New York cityUnited StatesUSCCCEH (Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health)Urine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)246100.017.51.78.017.243.6146.814.219.2ng/mL0.0 mg/L0.0 mg/LCrudeAdibi 2008
197490MalesAdults from southern GermanyGermanyDEINES (Integrated Exposure Assessment Survey)baseline; 1 day; 2 days; 3 days; 4 days; 5 days; 6 days; 7 daysUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)238.02.83.55.114.716.520.9ug/g8.0 ug/g5.1 ug/gDensityCreatinineFromme 2007
197590FemalesAdults from southern GermanyGermanyDEINES (Integrated Exposure Assessment Survey)baseline; 1 day; 2 days; 3 days; 4 days; 5 days; 6 days; 7 daysUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)2711.63.13.87.620.821.283.9ug/g11.6 ug/g7.6 ug/gDensityCreatinineFromme 2007
197690AllGeneral populationUnited StatesUSNHANES 1999-2000Urine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)254197.014.04.417.5713.321.550.177.413.015.0ug/g14.0 ug/g13.3 ug/gDensityCreatinineSilva 2004
197830AllGirls from New York City, New York, Cincinnati, Ohio, and northern CaliforniaUnited StatesUSUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)9098.918.44.00.122.2191.0ug/L0.0 mg/L0.0 mg/LCrudeWolff 2007
198020AllStudents from 1988-2003GermanyDEESB (German Environmental Specimen Bank)Urine, 24-hLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)6340.87.246.4636.0ug/g7.2 ug/gDensityCreatinineWittassek 2007
198630ChildrenNursery-school children and their teachers and parents in rural southern GermanyGermanyDEUrine, first morning spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)365.137.0193.0ug/g37.0 ug/gDensityCreatinineKoch 2005
198650AdultsNursery-school children and their teachers and parents in rural southern GermanyGermanyDEUrine, first morning spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)192.99.826.7ug/g9.8 ug/gDensityCreatinineKoch 2005
198760FemalesSubjects from three citiesChinaCNUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)994.73.00.77.743.0ng/mL0.0 mg/L0.0 mg/L0.0 mg/LCrudeGuo 2011
198900MalesSubjects from three citiesChinaCNUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)843.02.10.63.435.8ng/mL0.0 mg/L0.0 mg/L0.0 mg/LCrudeGuo 2011
199040AllSubjects from three citiesChinaCNUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)1830.5ug/g0.5 ug/gDensityCreatinineGuo 2011
199180ChineseSubjects from seven asian countriesChinaCNUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)402.3ng/mL0.0 mg/LCrudeGuo 2011
199320IndianSubjects from seven asian countriesIndiaINUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)221.4ng/mL0.0 mg/LCrudeGuo 2011
199460JapaneseSubjects from seven asian countriesJapanJPUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)351.4ng/mL0.0 mg/LCrudeGuo 2011
199600KuwaitiSubjects from seven asian countriesKuwaitKWUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)463.22.1ng/mL0.0 mg/L0.0 mg/LCrudeGuo 2011
199740MalaysianSubjects from seven asian countriesMalaysiaMYUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)292.42.0ng/mL0.0 mg/L0.0 mg/LCrudeGuo 2011
199880VietnameseSubjects from seven asian countriesViet NamVNUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)301.2ng/mL0.0 mg/LCrudeGuo 2011
200020KoreanSubjects from seven asian countriesKorea, Republic ofKRUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)603.92.4ng/mL0.0 mg/L0.0 mg/LCrudeGuo 2011
200100AllInhabitants of Erlangen and surroundingsGermanyDEUrine, first morning spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)8526.724.84.317.276.0140.0ug/g26.7 ug/g17.2 ug/gDensityCreatinineKoch 2003
200200MothersPregnant women and their childrenTaiwanTWpregnancyUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)1004.340.082.07235.03.275.76ug/g4.3 ug/g2.1 ug/gDensityCreatinineLin 2011
200520Mothers providing milk samplesPregnant women and their childrenTaiwanTWBreast milkLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)291.10.681.78mg/L1.1 mg/LCrudeLin 2011
200630Children aged 5-6 yearsPregnant women and their childrenTaiwanTWUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)598.157.646.3910.39ug/g8.2 ug/g7.6 ug/gDensityCreatinineLin 2011
200740Children aged 2-3 yearsPregnant women and their childrenTaiwanTWUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)3010.911.256.718.0ug/g10.9 ug/g11.3 ug/gDensityCreatinineLin 2011
200850NewbornsPregnant women and their childrenTaiwanTWCord serumLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)300.720.250.3ug/L0.0 mg/LCrudeLin 2011
201400AllGeneral populationCanadaCACHMS (Canadian Health Measures Survey)Urine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)323611.54.812.328.581.99.613.5ug/L0.0 mg/L0.0 mg/LCrudeSaravanabhavan 2013
201480MalesGeneral populationCanadaCACHMS (Canadian Health Measures Survey)Urine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)163012.35.314.630.181.09.814.8ug/L0.0 mg/L0.0 mg/LCrudeSaravanabhavan 2013
201620AllGeneral populationCanadaCACHMS (Canadian Health Measures Survey)Urine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)323612.86.612.523.969.610.814.8ug/g12.8 ug/g12.5 ug/gDensityCreatinineSaravanabhavan 2013
201690MalesGeneral populationCanadaCACHMS (Canadian Health Measures Survey)Urine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)163011.55.712.020.661.89.513.5ug/g11.5 ug/g12.0 ug/gDensityCreatinineSaravanabhavan 2013
201760ChildrenGeneral populationCanadaCACHMS (Canadian Health Measures Survey)Urine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)103721.110.621.445.3131.117.125.1ug/L0.0 mg/L0.0 mg/LCrudeSaravanabhavan 2013
201900AllInfants from the Munich areaGermanyDEINES (Integrated Exposure Assessment Survey)baseline; 1 day; 2 days; 3 days; 4 days; 5 days; 6 daysUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)2582.012.57.341.970.3ug/L0.0 mg/L0.0 mg/LCrudeFromme 2013
202070AllPregnant women in JerusalemIsraelILpregnancyUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)198.50.459.6108.8ug/g8.5 ug/g9.6 ug/gDensityCreatinineBerman 2009
202320MothersPregnant women and their childrenSpainESINMA (Environment and Childhood)pregnancyUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)11810.512.7ng/mL0.0 mg/LCrudeCasas 2011
202480ChildrenPregnant women and their childrenSpainESINMA (Environment and Childhood)Urine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)1933.032.6ng/mL0.0 mg/LCrudeCasas 2011
202550AllOffice workersTaiwanTWUrine, spotGC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)6050.03.92.22.27.112.315.1ng/mL0.0 mg/L0.0 mg/LCrudeChen 2008
202580AllChildren and adolescentsDenmarkDKCopenhagen Puberty Study 2006–2008Urine, 24-hLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)1293.48.017.030.073.0101.0315.0ng/mL0.0 mg/LCrudeFrederiksen 2011
202740AllChildren and adolescentsDenmarkDKCopenhagen Puberty Study 2006–2008Urine, first morning spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)1299.417.032.062.0129.0192.0401.0ng/mL0.0 mg/LCrudeFrederiksen 2011
203160AllPregnant womenPeruPEbaseline; 3 months; 6 monthsUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)7972.01.10.91.4ug/L0.0 mg/LCrudeIrvin 2010
203250AllPregnant womenPeruPEbaseline; 3 months; 6 monthsUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)7873.02.42.12.9ug/g2.4 ug/gDensityCreatinineIrvin 2010
203370AllPregnant women from RotterdamNetherlandsNLGeneration R studypregnancyUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)100100.08.92.81.33.67.516.8320.0ug/L0.0 mg/L0.0 mg/LCrudeYe 2008
203530AllPregnant women from RotterdamNetherlandsNLGeneration R studypregnancyUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)10013.92.03.07.611.722.6405.0ug/g13.9 ug/g11.7 ug/gDensityCreatinineYe 2008
204730AllResidents of the Tokyo-Yokohama areaJapanJPUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)362.4ug/L0.0 mg/LCrudeItoh 2007
204750AllWomenUnited StatesUSbaseline; 1 day; 28 days; 29 days; 30 days; 31 days; 32 days; 33 days; 34 daysUrine, first morning spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)1037.249.5351.0ng/mL0.0 mg/LCrudeMarcus 2010
204800AllWomenUnited StatesUSbaseline; 1 day; 28 days; 29 days; 30 days; 31 days; 32 days; 33 days; 34 daysUrine, first morning spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)1042.051.0415.0ug/g42.0 ug/gDensityCreatinineMarcus 2010
20501205031AllWomenUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)baseline; 2 yearsUrine, first morning spotLC-ID-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)4062.816.355.7378.4pmol/mg0.1 umol/g0.1 umol/gDensityCreatinineTownsend 2013

Intake values

No data available

Correlation values

No data available

Reproducibility values

IDMst. IDSubject groupPopulationCountryCountry codeCohortTime definitionBiological specimenExperimental methodBiomarkerBiomarker detailArithmetic meanGeometric meanMedianUnitAdjusted onReproducibility sizeICCICC 95% CI lowerICC 95% CI upperCV% WSCV% BSVAR WSVAR BSPublication
10118235AllHmong womenUnited StatesUSFox River Environment and Diet Study cohort in Green Bay, Wisconsinbaseline; 15 days; 29.5 daysUrine, first morning spotLC-ID-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)20.923.0ug/gCreatinine450.640.610.67Peck 2010
31218670AllWomen in Washington DCUnited StatesUSA study to screen for uterine fibroids in 1996-1997baseline; 1 dayUrine, first morning spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)26.521.6ug/gCreatinine460.530.310.69Hoppin 2002
34518690AllMinority childrenUnited StatesUSbaseline; 2 weeks; 1 month; 2 months, 3 months; 6 monthsUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)40.336.6ug/gCreatinine350.620.420.69Teitelbaum 2008
38518732AllParticipants in a study of reproductive healthDenmarkDKbaseline; 40 days; 83 daysUrine, first morning spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)33.6ng/mL330.310.10.541.0650.485Frederiksen 2013
39218748AllParticipants in a study of reproductive healthDenmarkDKbaseline; 4 daysUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)25.0ng/mL330.380.040.651.5120.933Frederiksen 2013
40218762AllParticipants in a study of reproductive healthDenmarkDKbaseline; 40 days; 83 daysUrine, 24-hLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)21.2ng/mL330.590.390.750.4240.601Frederiksen 2013
43818810AllPregnant women living in the Northern karst area of Puerto RicoPuerto RicoPRPROTECT (Puerto Rico Testsite for Exploring Contamination Threats)baseline; 4 weeks; 8 weeksUrine, spotLC-ID-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)3.94.0ng/mL1390.370.270.49Cantonwine 2014
45018826AllPregnant women living in the Northern karst area of Puerto RicoPuerto RicoPRPROTECT (Puerto Rico Testsite for Exploring Contamination Threats)baseline; 4 weeks; 8 weeksUrine, spotLC-ID-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)ng/mLSpecific gravity1380.410.30.52Cantonwine 2014
49818894AllWomen seeking evaluation and treatment for infertility at the Massachusetts General HospitalUnited StatesUSEARTH (Environment and Reproductive Health)baseline; 12 weeksUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)3.2ug/LSpecific gravity1370.35Braun 2012
50618902AllWomen seeking evaluation and treatment for infertility at the Massachusetts General HospitalUnited StatesUSEARTH (Environment and Reproductive Health)baseline; 15 weeks; 28 weeksUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)3.7ug/LSpecific gravity1370.25Braun 2012
52220501AllWomenUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)baseline; 2 yearsUrine, first morning spotLC-ID-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)62.855.7pmol/mgCreatinine400.330.120.630.640.32Townsend 2013
80019734Variability subgroupMinority pregnant women in New York cityUnited StatesUSCCCEH (Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health)baseline; 2 weeks; 4 weeksUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)ng/mL280.66Adibi 2008
80319737AllAdults from southern GermanyGermanyDEINES (Integrated Exposure Assessment Survey)baseline; 1 day; 2 days; 3 days; 4 days; 5 days; 6 days; 7 daysUrine, spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)ug/gCreatinine500.58Fromme 2007
89220475AllWomenUnited StatesUSbaseline; 1 day; 28 days; 29 days; 30 days; 31 days; 32 days; 33 days; 34 daysUrine, first morning spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisMonobenzyl phthalate (MBzP)37.2ng/mL100.59Marcus 2010