Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)

ID177
NameFatty acids, saturated (SFA)
Synonyms
StructureThumb
Description
GroupFatty acids
Sub-groupSFA
Exposure sourceDiet
Use
CAS number
PubChem ID
ChEBI ID
FooDB ID
HMDB ID

Biomarker measurements

Biomarker concentration values

IDParent IDDepthSubject groupPopulationCountryCountry codeCohortTime definitionBiospecimenAnalytical methodBiomarkerBiomarker detailMeasurement sizeDetected (nb)Detected (%)Detected only?Arithmethic meanArithmethic SDGeometric meanGeometric SDMinMin (detected)Percentile_05Percentile_10Percentile_25MedianPercentile_75Percentile_90Percentile_95MaxInterquartile rangeMean 95% CI lowerMean 95% CI upperGMean 95% CI lowerGMean 95% CI upperUnitConverted arithmetic meanConverted geometric meanConverted medianAdjustment typeAdjusted onRegressed onExpressed asPublication
1281100061AllMiddle-aged subjects in Southern ChinaChinaCNStudy on soyfood intake and cardiovascular risk factors in GuangzhouRed blood cell membrane, unspecifiedGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)12539.9971.947percentRoot40.0 percentRootCrudeZhang 2010
1584102021MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studySerum, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
12530.0percentRoot30.0 percentRootRegressionAgeTurunen 2010
1603102031FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studySerum, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
13931.0percentRoot31.0 percentRootRegressionAgeTurunen 2010
1611102041MalesSubjects with data on fish consumptionFinlandFIHealth 2000Serum, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
57732.0percentRoot32.0 percentRootRegressionAgeTurunen 2010
1619102051FemalesSubjects with data on fish consumptionFinlandFIHealth 2000Serum, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
71232.0percentRoot32.0 percentRootRegressionAgeTurunen 2010
1631100051AllNunavik Inuit adultsCanadaCANunavik Inuit Health SurveyRed blood cell membrane, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)62742.59percentRoot42.6 percentRootCrudeLucas 2010
198199251AllNear-term pregnant womenCanadaCARed blood cell membrane (Phosphatidylcholine), fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
10546.71.4percentRoot46.7 percentRootCrudeFriesen 2010
199899261AllNear-term pregnant womenCanadaCARed blood cell membrane (Ethanolamine phosphoglyceride), fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
10537.23.91percentRoot37.2 percentRootCrudeFriesen 2010
2851101851AllControls in a coronary heart disease substudyUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)Plasma, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Lauric acid (12:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
30628.712.38percentRoot28.7 percentRootCrudeSun 2007
2875101861AllControls in a coronary heart disease substudyUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)Red blood cell, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Lauric acid (12:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
30634.371.6percentRoot34.4 percentRootCrudeSun 2007
3152101891AllParticipants in a dietary validation studyAustraliaAUNambour Skin Cancer StudyPlasma, non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
43605.56127.85569.12ug/mL605.6 mg/L569.1 mg/LCrudeMcNaughton 2007
3363101541MalesParticipants in a case-cohort studyAustraliaAUMCCS (Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study)Plasma, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
204843.21.1percentRoot43.2 percentRootCrudeHodge 2007
3405101551FemalesParticipants in a case-cohort studyAustraliaAUMCCS (Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study)Plasma, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
239143.01.2percentRoot43.0 percentRootCrudeHodge 2007
4215101931Meat high consumers (Meat intake: >285 g/day)Men with different diets in Melbourne areaAustraliaAUStudy on diet and thrombotic risk factorcsPlasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
1841.21.4mg/100 mL412.0 mg/LCrudeMann 2006
4233101941Meat moderate consumers (Meat intake: <260 g/day)Men with different diets in Melbourne areaAustraliaAUStudy on diet and thrombotic risk factorcsPlasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
6040.91.2mg/100 mL409.0 mg/LCrudeMann 2006
4251101951Ovolacto-vegetariansMen with different diets in Melbourne areaAustraliaAUStudy on diet and thrombotic risk factorcsPlasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
4340.61.4mg/100 mL406.0 mg/LCrudeMann 2006
4269101961VegansMen with different diets in Melbourne areaAustraliaAUStudy on diet and thrombotic risk factorcsPlasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
1840.01.1mg/100 mL400.0 mg/LCrudeMann 2006
4505101821AllControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRAdipose tissue, buttocksGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Behenic acid (22:0)
Lauric acid (12:0)
Margaric acid (17:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Pentadecylic acid (15:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
20025.03.52percentRoot25.0 percentRootCrudeBaylin 2005
4544101831AllControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRPlasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Behenic acid (22:0)
Lauric acid (12:0)
Margaric acid (17:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Pentadecylic acid (15:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
20031.852.24percentRoot31.9 percentRootCrudeBaylin 2005
4583101841AllControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRWhole blood, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Behenic acid (22:0)
Lauric acid (12:0)
Margaric acid (17:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Pentadecylic acid (15:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
20034.071.86percentRoot34.1 percentRootCrudeBaylin 2005
486948681MalesMiddle-aged dietitiansJapanJPSQFFQ (Japanese Dieticians' Epidemiologic Study)Plasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
153.210.53mmol/L3210000.0 nmol/LCrudeKuriki 2003
490349021FemalesMiddle-aged dietitiansJapanJPSQFFQ (Japanese Dieticians' Epidemiologic Study)Plasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
793.420.82mmol/L3420000.0 nmol/LCrudeKuriki 2003
493648681MalesMiddle-aged dietitiansJapanJPSQFFQ (Japanese Dieticians' Epidemiologic Study)Plasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
1530.941.35percentRoot30.9 percentRootCrudeKuriki 2003
496849021FemalesMiddle-aged dietitiansJapanJPSQFFQ (Japanese Dieticians' Epidemiologic Study)Plasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
7931.751.66percentRoot31.8 percentRootCrudeKuriki 2003
5312100201Non-Hispanic BlacksBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)Adipose tissue, buttocksGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Lauric acid (12:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
4925.83.5percentRoot25.8 percentRootCrudeKnutsen 2003
5364100211Non-Hispanic WhitesBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)Adipose tissue, buttocksGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Lauric acid (12:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
7222.93.3percentRoot22.9 percentRootCrudeKnutsen 2003
5453101811AllControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRAdipose tissue, buttocksGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Behenic acid (22:0)
Lauric acid (12:0)
Lignoceric acid (24:0)
Margaric acid (17:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Pentadecylic acid (15:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
50326.213.42percentRoot26.2 percentRootCrudeBaylin 2002
6343101161AllObese patients in a clinic from MurciaSpainESAdipose tissue, periumbilical (subcutaneous)GC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
7627.385.0percentRoot27.4 percentRootCrudeGaraulet 2001
6368101171AllObese patients in a clinic from MurciaSpainESAdipose tissue, intraabdominal (perivisceral)GC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
5730.735.27percentRoot30.7 percentRootCrudeGaraulet 2001
6393101181AllObese patients in a clinic from MurciaSpainESAdipose tissue, intraabdominal (omental)GC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
2425.844.16percentRoot25.8 percentRootCrudeGaraulet 2001
6626101741AllMiddle-aged menJapanJPJPHC Study Cohort Iwinter; summerSerum, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
8747.642.258.9percentRoot47.6 percentRootCrudeKobayashi 2001
6640101751AllMiddle-aged menJapanJPJPHC Study Cohort IwinterSerum, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
8747.33.347.1percentRoot47.3 percentRoot47.1 percentRootCrudeKobayashi 2001
6654101761AllMiddle-aged menJapanJPJPHC Study Cohort IsummerSerum, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
8747.83.547.3percentRoot47.8 percentRoot47.3 percentRootCrudeKobayashi 2001
7445102511AllWomen in Uppsala county participant in a dietary validation studySwedenSEAdipose tissue, buttocksGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Margaric acid (17:0)
Pentadecylic acid (15:0)
810.580.10.380.91percentRoot0.6 percentRootCrudeWolk 1998
7646100971AllMen from Oerland military flight stationNorwayNOAdipose tissue, buttocksGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Lauric acid (12:0)
Margaric acid (17:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Pentadecylic acid (15:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
11928.129.931.1percentRoot29.9 percentRootCrudeAndersen 1999
7657100981AllMen from Oerland military flight stationNorwayNOSerum, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Behenic acid (22:0)
Margaric acid (17:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Pentadecylic acid (15:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
13529.930.832.2percentRoot30.8 percentRootCrudeAndersen 1999
7701101731AllMen in Uppsala countySwedenSEAdipose tissue (triglycerides), buttocksGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Lauric acid (12:0)
Margaric acid (17:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Pentadecylic acid (15:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
12330.6percentRoot30.6 percentRootCrudeJiang 1999
7956100501AllParticipants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)Adipose tissue, buttocksGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
14021.66.0percentRoot21.6 percentRootCrudeGarland 1998
802380271AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Serum, non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Behenic acid (22:0)
Lignoceric acid (24:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
23441.361.24percentRoot41.4 percentRootCrudeHjartaker 1997
805080271AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Serum, non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Behenic acid (22:0)
Lignoceric acid (24:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
234503.2582.87mg/L503.3 mg/LCrudeHjartaker 1997
8490100511AllControls from a dietary intervention trialDenmarkDKAdipose tissue, buttocksGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)2428.62.823.333.0percentRoot28.6 percentRootCrudeMarckmann 1995
8557101671MalesMiddle-aged subjectsUnited StatesUSARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities)Plasma (cholesterol esters), fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
171211.91.0percentRoot11.9 percentRootCrudeMa 1995
8566101701MalesMiddle-aged subjectsUnited StatesUSARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities)Plasma (phospholipids), fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
171240.81.3percentRoot40.8 percentRootCrudeMa 1995
8575101661FemalesMiddle-aged subjectsUnited StatesUSARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities)Plasma (cholesterol esters), fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
185811.50.9percentRoot11.5 percentRootCrudeMa 1995
8584101711FemalesMiddle-aged subjectsUnited StatesUSARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities)Plasma (phospholipids), fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
185840.41.4percentRoot40.4 percentRootCrudeMa 1995
8678100581All [by gender]Obese subjects with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitusNetherlandsNLProspective study on weight lossbaseline; 1 year; 2 yearsAdipose tissue (triglycerides), abdomenGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
5333.672.82percentRoot33.7 percentRootCrudePopp-Snijders 1995
8696100561MalesObese subjects with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitusNetherlandsNLProspective study on weight lossbaseline; 1 year; 2 yearsAdipose tissue (triglycerides), abdomenGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
1933.882.77percentRoot33.9 percentRootCrudePopp-Snijders 1995
8714100571FemalesObese subjects with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitusNetherlandsNLProspective study on weight lossbaseline; 1 year; 2 yearsAdipose tissue (triglycerides), abdomenGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
3433.562.81percentRoot33.6 percentRootCrudePopp-Snijders 1995
9343101491AllControls in a study on diet and breast cancer in Boston areaUnited StatesUSAdipose tissue, buttocksGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Behenic acid (22:0)
Heneicosanoic acid (21:0)
Lauric acid (12:0)
Margaric acid (17:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Pentadecylic acid (15:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
Tricosanoic acid (23:0)
11524.433.5315.6732.89percentRoot24.4 percentRootCrudeLondon 1991
9532100761All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (phospholipids), fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Behenic acid (22:0)
Lignoceric acid (24:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
12760.0umol/L760000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
9541100771All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (phospholipids), fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Behenic acid (22:0)
Lignoceric acid (24:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
12651.0umol/L651000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
9550100781All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (phospholipids), fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Behenic acid (22:0)
Lignoceric acid (24:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
12698.0umol/L698000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
9559100761All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (phospholipids), fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Behenic acid (22:0)
Lignoceric acid (24:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
1244.49percentRoot44.5 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
9568100771All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (phospholipids), fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Behenic acid (22:0)
Lignoceric acid (24:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
1242.36percentRoot42.4 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
9577100781All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (phospholipids), fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Behenic acid (22:0)
Lignoceric acid (24:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
1243.47percentRoot43.5 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
9586100791All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (free fatty acids), fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
12152.0umol/L152000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
9595100801All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (free fatty acids), fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
12126.0umol/L126000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
9604100811All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (free fatty acids), fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
12125.0umol/L125000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
9613100791All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (free fatty acids), fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
1234.88percentRoot34.9 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
9622100801All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (free fatty acids), fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
1234.92percentRoot34.9 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
9631100811All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (free fatty acids), fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
1234.74percentRoot34.7 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
9640100821All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (triglycerides), fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
1295.0umol/L95000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
9649100831All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (triglycerides), fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
12162.0umol/L162000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
9658100841All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (triglycerides), fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
12143.0umol/L143000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
9667100821All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (triglycerides), fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
1218.15percentRoot18.2 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
9676100831All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (triglycerides), fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
1220.03percentRoot20.0 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
9685100841All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (triglycerides), fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
1221.26percentRoot21.3 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
9694100851All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (cholesterol esters), fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
12195.0umol/L195000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
9703100861All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (cholesterol esters), fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
12213.0umol/L213000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
9712100871All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (cholesterol esters), fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
12167.0umol/L167000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
9721100851All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (cholesterol esters), fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
1216.76percentRoot16.8 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
9730100861All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (cholesterol esters), fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
1217.0percentRoot17.0 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
9739100871All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (cholesterol esters), fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
1216.78percentRoot16.8 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
18598185891AllWomenUnited StatesUSNYUWHS (New York University Women's Health Study)baselinePlasma, non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Behenic acid (22:0)
Lignoceric acid (24:0)
Margaric acid (17:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Pentadecylic acid (15:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
4646.673.1percentRoot46.7 percentRootUnspecifiedZeleniuch-Jacquotte 2000
18638186371AllNursesUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)baseline; 2 yearsRed blood cell, unspecifiedGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)4030.535.638.3percentRoot35.6 percentRootCrudeKotsopoulos 2010

Intake values

IDParent IDDepthSubject groupPopulationCountryCountry codeCohortTime definitionIntake toolIntake food coverageIntake time coverageIntake assessmentCompoundCompound detailSupplement intakes included?Measurement sizeDetected (nb)Detected (%)Detected only?Arithmethic meanArithmethic SDGeometric meanGeometric SDMinMin (detected)Percentile_05Percentile_10Percentile_25MedianPercentile_75Percentile_90Percentile_95MaxInterquartile rangeMean 95% CI lowerMean 95% CI upperGMean 95% CI lowerGMean 95% CI upperUnitConverted arithmetic meanConverted geometric meanConverted medianAdjustment typeAdjusted onRegressed onExpressed asPublication
1265100071AllMiddle-aged subjects in Southern ChinaChinaCNStudy on soyfood intake and cardiovascular risk factors in GuangzhouFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)12519.0561.489g/day19056.0 mg/dayCrudeZhang 2010
1273100081AllMiddle-aged subjects in Southern ChinaChinaCNStudy on soyfood intake and cardiovascular risk factors in GuangzhouDietary record (3-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)12519.0074.367g/day19007.0 mg/dayCrudeZhang 2010
195899241AllNear-term pregnant womenCanadaCAFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)10530.310.915.027.948.0g/day30300.0 mg/day27900.0 mg/dayCrudeFriesen 2010
2899101871AllControls in a coronary heart disease substudyUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Lauric acid (12:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
30633.744.48percentRoot33.7 percentRootCrudeSun 2007
3076100111Meat eatersWomen with different dietsUnited KingdomGBEPIC-Oxford (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)2510.43.1percentEnergy10.4 percentEnergyDensityEnergyAllen 2008
3094100121Lacto-ovo-vegetariansWomen with different dietsUnited KingdomGBEPIC-Oxford (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)258.93.1percentEnergy8.9 percentEnergyDensityEnergyAllen 2008
3100100131VegansWomen with different dietsUnited KingdomGBEPIC-Oxford (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)465.82.2percentEnergy5.8 percentEnergyDensityEnergyAllen 2008
3167101901AllParticipants in a dietary validation studyAustraliaAUNambour Skin Cancer StudyFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
4330.3312.5527.22g/day30330.0 mg/day27220.0 mg/dayRegressionEnergyMcNaughton 2007
3182101911AllParticipants in a dietary validation studyAustraliaAUNambour Skin Cancer StudyWeighed Dietary record (2-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
4329.439.4129.56g/day29430.0 mg/day29560.0 mg/dayRegressionEnergyMcNaughton 2007
3334101511MalesParticipants in a case-cohort studyAustraliaAUMCCS (Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
204835.815.0g/day35800.0 mg/dayCrudeHodge 2007
3349101511MalesParticipants in a case-cohort studyAustraliaAUMCCS (Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
204839.74.8percentRoot39.7 percentRootCrudeHodge 2007
3377101521FemalesParticipants in a case-cohort studyAustraliaAUMCCS (Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
239130.312.4g/day30300.0 mg/dayCrudeHodge 2007
3391101521FemalesParticipants in a case-cohort studyAustraliaAUMCCS (Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
239140.15.2percentRoot40.1 percentRootCrudeHodge 2007
4149101981Meat high consumers (Meat intake: >285 g/day)Men with different diets in Melbourne areaAustraliaAUStudy on diet and thrombotic risk factorcsFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
1677.1733.81g/day77170.0 mg/dayCrudeMann 2006
4165101991Meat moderate consumers (Meat intake: <260 g/day)Men with different diets in Melbourne areaAustraliaAUStudy on diet and thrombotic risk factorcsFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
5335.2415.81g/day35240.0 mg/dayCrudeMann 2006
4181102001Ovolacto-vegetariansMen with different diets in Melbourne areaAustraliaAUStudy on diet and thrombotic risk factorcsFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
4032.414.51g/day32400.0 mg/dayCrudeMann 2006
4198102011VegansMen with different diets in Melbourne areaAustraliaAUStudy on diet and thrombotic risk factorcsFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
1716.716.16g/day16710.0 mg/dayCrudeMann 2006
432443231Margarine consumersVolunteers from the Dunedin areaNew ZealandNZDietary record (4-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)6512.03.0percentEnergy12.0 percentEnergyDensityEnergySkeaff 2006
432743231Margarine consumersVolunteers from the Dunedin areaNew ZealandNZDietary record (4-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)6537.05.0percentRoot37.0 percentRootCrudeSkeaff 2006
433443331Butter consumersVolunteers from the Dunedin areaNew ZealandNZDietary record (4-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)6418.04.0percentEnergy18.0 percentEnergyDensityEnergySkeaff 2006
433743331Butter consumersVolunteers from the Dunedin areaNew ZealandNZDietary record (4-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)6449.05.0percentRoot49.0 percentRootCrudeSkeaff 2006
446699231AllControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Behenic acid (22:0)
Lauric acid (12:0)
Margaric acid (17:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Pentadecylic acid (15:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
20037.96.62percentRoot37.9 percentRootRegressionEnergy ?Baylin 2005
485248511MalesMiddle-aged dietitiansJapanJPSQFFQ (Japanese Dieticians' Epidemiologic Study)Weighed Dietary record (7-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
1513888.02662.0mg/day13888.0 mg/dayCrudeKuriki 2003
488648851FemalesMiddle-aged dietitiansJapanJPSQFFQ (Japanese Dieticians' Epidemiologic Study)Weighed Dietary record (7-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
7914391.03683.0mg/day14391.0 mg/dayCrudeKuriki 2003
492048511MalesMiddle-aged dietitiansJapanJPSQFFQ (Japanese Dieticians' Epidemiologic Study)Weighed Dietary record (7-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
1528.252.64percentRoot28.3 percentRootCrudeKuriki 2003
495248851FemalesMiddle-aged dietitiansJapanJPSQFFQ (Japanese Dieticians' Epidemiologic Study)Weighed Dietary record (7-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
7931.083.28percentRoot31.1 percentRootCrudeKuriki 2003
5284100161Non-Hispanic BlacksBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Lauric acid (12:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
4920.37.9g/day20300.0 mg/dayCrudeKnutsen 2003
5298100161Non-Hispanic BlacksBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Lauric acid (12:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
4931.26.1percentRoot31.2 percentRootCrudeKnutsen 2003
5326100171Non-Hispanic BlacksBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)4921.828.5g/day21800.0 mg/dayCrudeKnutsen 2003
5331100171Non-Hispanic BlacksBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)4928.47.7percentRoot28.4 percentRootCrudeKnutsen 2003
5336100181Non-Hispanic WhitesBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Lauric acid (12:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
7223.28.9g/day23200.0 mg/dayCrudeKnutsen 2003
5350100181Non-Hispanic WhitesBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Lauric acid (12:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
7232.85.8percentRoot32.8 percentRootCrudeKnutsen 2003
5378100191Non-Hispanic WhitesBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)7220.613.0g/day20600.0 mg/dayCrudeKnutsen 2003
5383100191Non-Hispanic WhitesBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)7228.06.0percentRoot28.0 percentRootCrudeKnutsen 2003
549499091AllControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Behenic acid (22:0)
Lauric acid (12:0)
Lignoceric acid (24:0)
Margaric acid (17:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Pentadecylic acid (15:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
50336.435.95percentRoot36.4 percentRootCrudeBaylin 2002
553599091AllControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Behenic acid (22:0)
Lauric acid (12:0)
Lignoceric acid (24:0)
Margaric acid (17:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Pentadecylic acid (15:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
50325.936.13g/day25930.0 mg/dayRegressionEnergyBaylin 2002
576557641AllControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCR24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
12020.09.0g/day19719.2 mg/dayCrudeKabagambe 2001
579157901AllControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
12030.010.0g/day29578.8 mg/dayCrudeKabagambe 2001
581758161AllControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
12032.013.0g/day31550.7 mg/dayCrudeKabagambe 2001
584358421AllControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
12031.010.0g/day30564.7 mg/dayCrudeKabagambe 2001
5931100221Quartile 1 (Fish intake: <31 g/day)Adults from GipuzkoaSpainESEPIC-Spain (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)2629.168.72g/day29160.0 mg/dayRegressionEnergyAmiano 2001
5939100231Quartile 2 (Fish intake: 32 to 64 g/day)Adults from GipuzkoaSpainESEPIC-Spain (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)2429.266.7g/day29260.0 mg/dayRegressionEnergyAmiano 2001
5947100241Quartile 3 (Fish intake: 65 to 115 g/day)Adults from GipuzkoaSpainESEPIC-Spain (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)2728.2610.23g/day28260.0 mg/dayRegressionEnergyAmiano 2001
5955100251Quartile 4 (Fish intake: >115 g/day)Adults from GipuzkoaSpainESEPIC-Spain (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)2529.810.57g/day29800.0 mg/dayRegressionEnergyAmiano 2001
6108100991MalesLondon-based civil servantsUnited KingdomGBWhitehall IIDietary record (7-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)45738.013.0g/day37466.4 mg/dayCrudeBrunner 2001
6118101031FemalesLondon-based civil servantsUnited KingdomGBWhitehall IIDietary record (7-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)40330.011.0g/day29578.8 mg/dayCrudeBrunner 2001
6128101061Males - Low energy reporters excludedLondon-based civil servantsUnited KingdomGBWhitehall IIDietary record (7-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)31143.012.0g/day42396.2 mg/dayCrudeBrunner 2001
6138101081Females - Low energy reporters excludedLondon-based civil servantsUnited KingdomGBWhitehall IIDietary record (7-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)26135.011.0g/day34508.6 mg/dayCrudeBrunner 2001
6148101001MalesLondon-based civil servantsUnited KingdomGBWhitehall IIDietary record (7-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)45738.09.0g/day37466.4 mg/dayRegressionEnergyBrunner 2001
6158101021FemalesLondon-based civil servantsUnited KingdomGBWhitehall IIDietary record (7-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)40330.07.0g/day29578.8 mg/dayRegressionEnergyBrunner 2001
6168101111MalesLondon-based civil servantsUnited KingdomGBWhitehall IIFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)45733.014.0g/day32536.7 mg/dayCrudeBrunner 2001
6178101051FemalesLondon-based civil servantsUnited KingdomGBWhitehall IIFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)40328.012.0g/day27606.9 mg/dayCrudeBrunner 2001
6188101071Males - Low energy reporters excludedLondon-based civil servantsUnited KingdomGBWhitehall IIFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)28039.013.0g/day38452.4 mg/dayCrudeBrunner 2001
6198101091Females - Low energy reporters excludedLondon-based civil servantsUnited KingdomGBWhitehall IIFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)27932.011.0g/day31550.7 mg/dayCrudeBrunner 2001
6207101101MalesLondon-based civil servantsUnited KingdomGBWhitehall IIFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)45733.08.0g/day32536.7 mg/dayRegressionEnergyBrunner 2001
6217101041FemalesLondon-based civil servantsUnited KingdomGBWhitehall IIFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)40328.08.0g/day27606.9 mg/dayRegressionEnergyBrunner 2001
6409101191AllObese patients in a clinic from MurciaSpainESDietary record (7-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
7628.18.16percentRoot28.1 percentRootCrudeGaraulet 2001
6598101771AllMiddle-aged menJapanJPJPHC Study Cohort IDietary record (7-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
8716.19.724.4g/day16100.0 mg/dayCrudeKobayashi 2001
6612101771AllMiddle-aged menJapanJPJPHC Study Cohort IDietary record (7-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
8730.823.039.3percentRoot30.8 percentRootCrudeKobayashi 2001
7427102471AllWomen in Uppsala county participant in a dietary validation studySwedenSEWeighed Dietary record (7-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Margaric acid (17:0)
Pentadecylic acid (15:0)
810.370.150.140.82g/day364.8 mg/dayCrudeWolk 1998
7432102471AllWomen in Uppsala county participant in a dietary validation studySwedenSEWeighed Dietary record (7-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Margaric acid (17:0)
Pentadecylic acid (15:0)
810.550.140.30.9percentRoot0.6 percentRootCrudeWolk 1998
7437102481AllWomen in Uppsala county participant in a dietary validation studySwedenSEFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Margaric acid (17:0)
Pentadecylic acid (15:0)
810.250.180.0060.86g/day246.5 mg/dayCrudeWolk 1998
7442102481AllWomen in Uppsala county participant in a dietary validation studySwedenSEFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Margaric acid (17:0)
Pentadecylic acid (15:0)
810.530.230.051.1percentRoot0.5 percentRootCrudeWolk 1998
745999101AllMen in Uppsala county participant in a prospective survey on risk factors for ischemic heart diseaseSwedenSEDietary record (7-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)6214.93.6percentEnergy14.9 percentEnergyDensityEnergySmedman 1999
7636100961AllMen from Oerland military flight stationNorwayNOFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Yes13535.938.341.4percentRoot38.3 percentRootCrudeAndersen 1999
766976681AllMen in Uppsala countySwedenSEWeighed Dietary record (7-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Capric acid (10:0)
Lauric acid (12:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
10334.910.6g/day34900.0 mg/dayCrudeJiang 1999
768676851AllMen in Uppsala countySwedenSE24-h Dietary recall (7-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Capric acid (10:0)
Lauric acid (12:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
12333.510.0g/day33500.0 mg/dayCrudeJiang 1999
7906100441AllParticipants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
14023.98.4g/day23900.0 mg/dayCrudeGarland 1998
7917100441AllParticipants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
14039.25.1percentRoot39.2 percentRootCrudeGarland 1998
7928100451AllParticipants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
14022.48.3g/day22400.0 mg/dayCrudeGarland 1998
7939100451AllParticipants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
14038.74.6percentRoot38.7 percentRootCrudeGarland 1998
7950100471AllParticipants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)Dietary record (7-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)14022.76.7g/day22700.0 mg/dayCrudeGarland 1998
7953100471AllParticipants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)Dietary record (7-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)14038.84.1percentRoot38.8 percentRootCrudeGarland 1998
8522112951MalesMiddle-aged subjectsUnited StatesUSARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
171225.511.6g/day25500.0 mg/dayCrudeMa 1995
8531112951MalesMiddle-aged subjectsUnited StatesUSARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
171236.54.3percentRoot36.5 percentRootCrudeMa 1995
8540112961FemalesMiddle-aged subjectsUnited StatesUSARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
185820.89.3g/day20800.0 mg/dayCrudeMa 1995
8549112961FemalesMiddle-aged subjectsUnited StatesUSARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
185836.94.5percentRoot36.9 percentRootCrudeMa 1995
8650100531MalesObese subjects with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitusNetherlandsNLProspective study on weight lossDietary record (3-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)1941.34.8percentRoot41.3 percentRootCrudePopp-Snijders 1995
8657100541FemalesObese subjects with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitusNetherlandsNLProspective study on weight lossDietary record (3-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)3442.52.3percentRoot42.5 percentRootCrudePopp-Snijders 1995
899789962MalesAdults living in CopenhagenDenmarkDKWeighed Dietary record (7-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)2340.516.46percentRoot40.5 percentRootCrudeTjonneland 1993
900690052FemalesAdults living in CopenhagenDenmarkDKWeighed Dietary record (7-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)6342.413.73percentRoot42.4 percentRootCrudeTjonneland 1993
9356112741AllControls in a study on diet and breast cancer in Boston areaUnited StatesUSFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Lauric acid (12:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
11523.2110.81g/day23210.0 mg/dayCrudeLondon 1991
9369112741AllControls in a study on diet and breast cancer in Boston areaUnited StatesUSFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)Lauric acid (12:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
11539.575.16percentRoot39.6 percentRootCrudeLondon 1991
947794741All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)1224.08.046.0g/day23663.0 mg/dayCrudeLopes 1991
948794741All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)1236.024.042.0percentRoot36.0 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
949594921MalesSubjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)626.011.045.0g/day25634.9 mg/dayCrudeLopes 1991
950594921MalesSubjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)636.024.041.0percentRoot36.0 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
951395101FemalesSubjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)622.08.045.0g/day21691.1 mg/dayCrudeLopes 1991
952395101FemalesSubjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)637.029.042.0percentRoot37.0 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
981998161Adventists vegetarians - MalesSeventh-day Adventists and non-Adventists in NetherlandNetherlandsNLDietary record (2-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)1813.04.0percentEnergy13.0 percentEnergyDensityEnergyPlakke 1983
982698231Adventists vegetarians - FemalesSeventh-day Adventists and non-Adventists in NetherlandNetherlandsNLDietary record (2-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)3115.04.0percentEnergy15.0 percentEnergyDensityEnergyPlakke 1983
983398301Adventists omnivores - MalesSeventh-day Adventists and non-Adventists in NetherlandNetherlandsNLDietary record (2-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)5516.03.0percentEnergy16.0 percentEnergyDensityEnergyPlakke 1983
984098371Adventists omnivores - FemalesSeventh-day Adventists and non-Adventists in NetherlandNetherlandsNLDietary record (2-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)8615.04.0percentEnergy15.0 percentEnergyDensityEnergyPlakke 1983
984798441Controls - MalesSeventh-day Adventists and non-Adventists in NetherlandNetherlandsNLDietary record (2-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)6916.03.0percentEnergy16.0 percentEnergyDensityEnergyPlakke 1983
985498511Controls - FemalesSeventh-day Adventists and non-Adventists in NetherlandNetherlandsNLDietary record (2-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)10116.03.0percentEnergy16.0 percentEnergyDensityEnergyPlakke 1983
10576100521AllControls from a dietary intervention trialDenmarkDKWeighed Dietary record (7-day)Fatty acids, saturated (SFA)2413.51.710.517.2percentEnergy13.5 percentEnergyDensityEnergyMarckmann 1995

Correlation values

Reproducibility values

IDMst. IDSubject groupPopulationCountryCountry codeCohortTime definitionBiological specimenExperimental methodBiomarkerBiomarker detailArithmetic meanGeometric meanMedianUnitAdjusted onReproducibility sizeICCICC 95% CI lowerICC 95% CI upperCV% WSCV% BSVAR WSVAR BSPublication
481770All [by diagnosis]Elderly subjects with and without mild cognitive impairmentUnited StatesUSbaseline; 1 monthPlasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)missing unit380.82Bowman 2011
661748No cognitive impairmentElderly subjects with and without mild cognitive impairmentUnited StatesUSbaseline; 1 monthPlasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)missing unit190.87Bowman 2011
881726Mild cognitive impairmentElderly subjects with and without mild cognitive impairmentUnited StatesUSbaseline; 1 monthPlasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)missing unit190.78Bowman 2011
25518570AllWomenUnited StatesUSNYUWHS (New York University Women's Health Study)baseline; 1 year; 2 yearsPlasma, non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Behenic acid (22:0)
Lignoceric acid (24:0)
Margaric acid (17:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Pentadecylic acid (15:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
percentRoot460.310.120.5Zeleniuch-Jacquotte 2000
29418638AllNursesUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)baseline; 2 yearsRed blood cell, unspecifiedGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)35.6percentRoot400.380.170.655.34.2Kotsopoulos 2010
3226626AllMiddle-aged menJapanJPJPHC Study Cohort Iwinter; summerSerum, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
47.6percentRoot870.63Kobayashi 2001