Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)

ID224
NameArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)
Synonymsall-cis-5,8,11,14-Eicosatetraenoic acid
StructureThumb
Description
GroupFatty acids
Sub-groupPUFA
Exposure sourceDiet
Use
CAS number506-32-1
PubChem ID444899
ChEBI ID15843
FooDB IDFDB011872
HMDB IDHMDB01043

Biomarker measurements

Biomarker concentration values

IDParent IDDepthSubject groupPopulationCountryCountry codeCohortTime definitionBiospecimenAnalytical methodBiomarkerBiomarker detailMeasurement sizeDetected (nb)Detected (%)Detected only?Arithmethic meanArithmethic SDGeometric meanGeometric SDMinMin (detected)Percentile_05Percentile_10Percentile_25MedianPercentile_75Percentile_90Percentile_95MaxInterquartile rangeMean 95% CI lowerMean 95% CI upperGMean 95% CI lowerGMean 95% CI upperUnitConverted arithmetic meanConverted geometric meanConverted medianAdjustment typeAdjusted onRegressed onExpressed asPublication
163716342AllNunavik Inuit adultsCanadaCANunavik Inuit Health SurveyRed blood cell membrane, fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)62711.42percentRoot11.4 percentRootCrudeLucas 2010
197219792AllNear-term pregnant womenCanadaCARed blood cell membrane (Phosphatidylcholine), fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)1055.331.11percentRoot5.3 percentRootCrudeFriesen 2010
198919962AllNear-term pregnant womenCanadaCARed blood cell membrane (Ethanolamine phosphoglyceride), fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)10516.51.87percentRoot16.5 percentRootCrudeFriesen 2010
286228633AllControls in a coronary heart disease substudyUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)Plasma, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)3067.81.62percentRoot7.8 percentRootCrudeSun 2007
288628873AllControls in a coronary heart disease substudyUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)Red blood cell, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)30614.631.29percentRoot14.6 percentRootCrudeSun 2007
3019101571MalesMiddle-aged participants in a nested case-control studyFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Plasma, fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)2767.91.58percentRoot7.9 percentRootCrudeAstorg 2008
3046101581FemalesMiddle-aged participants in a nested case-control studyFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Plasma, fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)2578.051.39percentRoot8.1 percentRootCrudeAstorg 2008
316231582AllParticipants in a dietary validation studyAustraliaAUNambour Skin Cancer StudyPlasma, non-fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)43144.8541.59137.62ug/mL144.9 mg/L137.6 mg/LCrudeMcNaughton 2007
337333673MalesParticipants in a case-cohort studyAustraliaAUMCCS (Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study)Plasma, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)204810.41.8percentRoot10.4 percentRootCrudeHodge 2007
341534093FemalesParticipants in a case-cohort studyAustraliaAUMCCS (Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study)Plasma, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)239110.41.8percentRoot10.4 percentRootCrudeHodge 2007
422142273Meat high consumers (Meat intake: >285 g/day)Men with different diets in Melbourne areaAustraliaAUStudy on diet and thrombotic risk factorcsPlasma, fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)1810.61.6mg/100 mL106.0 mg/LCrudeMann 2006
423942453Meat moderate consumers (Meat intake: <260 g/day)Men with different diets in Melbourne areaAustraliaAUStudy on diet and thrombotic risk factorcsPlasma, fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)6010.51.7mg/100 mL105.0 mg/LCrudeMann 2006
425742633Ovolacto-vegetariansMen with different diets in Melbourne areaAustraliaAUStudy on diet and thrombotic risk factorcsPlasma, fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)439.51.9mg/100 mL95.0 mg/LCrudeMann 2006
427542813VegansMen with different diets in Melbourne areaAustraliaAUStudy on diet and thrombotic risk factorcsPlasma, fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)1810.61.5mg/100 mL106.0 mg/LCrudeMann 2006
437199401Margarine consumersVolunteers from the Dunedin areaNew ZealandNZPlasma, fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)657.4381.318percentRoot7.4 percentRootCrudeSkeaff 2006
438799391Butter consumersVolunteers from the Dunedin areaNew ZealandNZPlasma, fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)646.5621.295percentRoot6.6 percentRootCrudeSkeaff 2006
452145233AllControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRAdipose tissue, buttocksGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)2000.480.13percentRoot0.5 percentRootCrudeBaylin 2005
456045623AllControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRPlasma, fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)2006.021.58percentRoot6.0 percentRootCrudeBaylin 2005
459946013AllControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRWhole blood, fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)2009.081.61percentRoot9.1 percentRootCrudeBaylin 2005
487848762MalesMiddle-aged dietitiansJapanJPSQFFQ (Japanese Dieticians' Epidemiologic Study)Plasma, fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)150.590.12mmol/L590000.0 nmol/LCrudeKuriki 2003
491249102FemalesMiddle-aged dietitiansJapanJPSQFFQ (Japanese Dieticians' Epidemiologic Study)Plasma, fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)790.660.13mmol/L660000.0 nmol/LCrudeKuriki 2003
494549432MalesMiddle-aged dietitiansJapanJPSQFFQ (Japanese Dieticians' Epidemiologic Study)Plasma, fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)155.771.16percentRoot5.8 percentRootCrudeKuriki 2003
497749752FemalesMiddle-aged dietitiansJapanJPSQFFQ (Japanese Dieticians' Epidemiologic Study)Plasma, fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)796.241.09percentRoot6.2 percentRootCrudeKuriki 2003
547554702AllControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRAdipose tissue, buttocksGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)5030.440.13percentRoot0.4 percentRootCrudeBaylin 2002
564456462AllPregnant womenMexicoMXA study on PUFAs and foetal neurodevelopmentRed blood cell membrane, unspecifiedGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)359.692.2994.58814.702percentRoot9.7 percentRootCrudeParra 2002
5716101621AllFemale university studentsGermanyDEPlasma (phospholipids), fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)5210.681.787.438.489.5810.5511.4812.8317.85percentRoot10.7 percentRoot10.6 percentRootCrudeFremann 2002
5727101631AllFemale university studentsGermanyDEPlasma (triglycerides), fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)521.310.420.630.770.961.271.591.862.48percentRoot1.3 percentRoot1.3 percentRootCrudeFremann 2002
633463473AllObese patients in a clinic from MurciaSpainESAdipose tissue, periumbilical (subcutaneous)GC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)760.440.3percentRoot0.4 percentRootCrudeGaraulet 2001
635963723AllObese patients in a clinic from MurciaSpainESAdipose tissue, intraabdominal (perivisceral)GC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)570.420.37percentRoot0.4 percentRootCrudeGaraulet 2001
638463973AllObese patients in a clinic from MurciaSpainESAdipose tissue, intraabdominal (omental)GC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)240.370.24percentRoot0.4 percentRootCrudeGaraulet 2001
663966373AllMiddle-aged menJapanJPJPHC Study Cohort Iwinter; summerSerum, fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)876.43.79.6percentRoot6.4 percentRootCrudeKobayashi 2001
665366513AllMiddle-aged menJapanJPJPHC Study Cohort IwinterSerum, fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)876.41.66.3percentRoot6.4 percentRoot6.3 percentRootCrudeKobayashi 2001
666766653AllMiddle-aged menJapanJPJPHC Study Cohort IsummerSerum, fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)876.41.76.1percentRoot6.4 percentRoot6.1 percentRootCrudeKobayashi 2001
7482100421AllMen in Uppsala county participant in a prospective survey on risk factors for ischemic heart diseaseSwedenSESerum (cholesterol esters), unspecifiedGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)665.551.123.068.34percentRoot5.6 percentRootCrudeSmedman 1999
7495100431AllMen in Uppsala county participant in a prospective survey on risk factors for ischemic heart diseaseSwedenSESerum (phospholipids), unspecifiedGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)667.471.24.7510.17percentRoot7.5 percentRootCrudeSmedman 1999
796279572AllParticipants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)Adipose tissue, buttocksGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)1400.70.4percentRoot0.7 percentRootCrudeGarland 1998
801680252AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Serum, non-fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)2348.751.54percentRoot8.8 percentRootCrudeHjartaker 1997
804380522AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Serum, non-fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)234106.3825.72mg/L106.4 mg/LCrudeHjartaker 1997
867386802All [by gender]Obese subjects with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitusNetherlandsNLProspective study on weight lossbaseline; 1 year; 2 yearsAdipose tissue (triglycerides), abdomenGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)530.490.11percentRoot0.5 percentRootCrudePopp-Snijders 1995
869186982MalesObese subjects with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitusNetherlandsNLProspective study on weight lossbaseline; 1 year; 2 yearsAdipose tissue (triglycerides), abdomenGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)190.460.11percentRoot0.5 percentRootCrudePopp-Snijders 1995
870987162FemalesObese subjects with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitusNetherlandsNLProspective study on weight lossbaseline; 1 year; 2 yearsAdipose tissue (triglycerides), abdomenGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)340.510.11percentRoot0.5 percentRootCrudePopp-Snijders 1995
895790502MalesAdults living in CopenhagenDenmarkDKAdipose tissue, buttocksGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)230.340.08percentRoot0.3 percentRootCrudeTjonneland 1993
898790532FemalesAdults living in CopenhagenDenmarkDKAdipose tissue, buttocksGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)630.340.1percentRoot0.3 percentRootCrudeTjonneland 1993
953195342All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (phospholipids), fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)12158.0umol/L158000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
954095432All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (phospholipids), fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)12132.0umol/L132000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
954995522All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (phospholipids), fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)12134.0umol/L134000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
955895612All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (phospholipids), fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)129.23percentRoot9.2 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
956795702All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (phospholipids), fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)128.45percentRoot8.5 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
957695792All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (phospholipids), fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)128.3percentRoot8.3 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
958595882All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (free fatty acids), fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)1217.0umol/L17000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
959495972All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (free fatty acids), fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)1215.0umol/L15000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
960396062All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (free fatty acids), fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)1216.0umol/L16000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
961296152All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (free fatty acids), fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)123.99percentRoot4.0 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
962196242All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (free fatty acids), fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)124.07percentRoot4.1 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
963096332All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (free fatty acids), fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)124.53percentRoot4.5 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
963996422All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (triglycerides), fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)1219.0umol/L19000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
964896512All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (triglycerides), fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)1220.0umol/L20000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
965796602All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (triglycerides), fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)1212.0umol/L12000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
966696692All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (triglycerides), fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)123.11percentRoot3.1 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
967596782All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (triglycerides), fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)122.52percentRoot2.5 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
968496872All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (triglycerides), fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)121.95percentRoot2.0 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
969396962All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (cholesterol esters), fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)1286.0umol/L86000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
970297052All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (cholesterol esters), fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)1282.0umol/L82000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
971197142All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (cholesterol esters), fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)1266.0umol/L66000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
972097232All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (cholesterol esters), fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)127.3percentRoot7.3 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
972997322All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (cholesterol esters), fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)126.63percentRoot6.6 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
973897412All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (cholesterol esters), fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)125.94percentRoot5.9 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
1014493512AllControls in a study on diet and breast cancer in Boston areaUnited StatesUSAdipose tissue, buttocksGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)1150.610.080.31.37percentRoot0.6 percentRootCrudeLondon 1991
18607186093AllWomenUnited StatesUSNYUWHS (New York University Women's Health Study)baselinePlasma, non-fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)469.792.49percentRoot9.8 percentRootUnspecifiedZeleniuch-Jacquotte 2000

Intake values

IDParent IDDepthSubject groupPopulationCountryCountry codeCohortTime definitionIntake toolIntake food coverageIntake time coverageIntake assessmentCompoundCompound detailSupplement intakes included?Measurement sizeDetected (nb)Detected (%)Detected only?Arithmethic meanArithmethic SDGeometric meanGeometric SDMinMin (detected)Percentile_05Percentile_10Percentile_25MedianPercentile_75Percentile_90Percentile_95MaxInterquartile rangeMean 95% CI lowerMean 95% CI upperGMean 95% CI lowerGMean 95% CI upperUnitConverted arithmetic meanConverted geometric meanConverted medianAdjustment typeAdjusted onRegressed onExpressed asPublication
196419602AllNear-term pregnant womenCanadaCAFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)105120.058.330.0108.0170.0mg/day120.0 mg/day108.0 mg/dayCrudeFriesen 2010
291029113AllControls in a coronary heart disease substudyUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)3060.230.09percentRoot0.2 percentRootCrudeSun 2007
300029971MalesMiddle-aged participants in a nested case-control studyFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (1-day)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)2760.220.07g/day216.9 mg/dayCrudeAstorg 2008
300830051MalesMiddle-aged participants in a nested case-control studyFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (1-day)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)2760.080.02percentEnergy0.1 percentEnergyDensityEnergyAstorg 2008
302730241FemalesMiddle-aged participants in a nested case-control studyFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (1-day)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)2570.160.05g/day157.8 mg/dayCrudeAstorg 2008
303530321FemalesMiddle-aged participants in a nested case-control studyFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (1-day)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)2570.080.02percentEnergy0.1 percentEnergyDensityEnergyAstorg 2008
317731732AllParticipants in a dietary validation studyAustraliaAUNambour Skin Cancer StudyFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)430.080.030.08g/day78.9 mg/day78.9 mg/dayRegressionEnergyMcNaughton 2007
319231882AllParticipants in a dietary validation studyAustraliaAUNambour Skin Cancer StudyWeighed Dietary record (2-day)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)430.090.040.08g/day88.7 mg/day78.9 mg/dayRegressionEnergyMcNaughton 2007
334433383MalesParticipants in a case-cohort studyAustraliaAUMCCS (Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)20480.030.040.05g/day39.4 mg/dayCrudeHodge 2007
335933533MalesParticipants in a case-cohort studyAustraliaAUMCCS (Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)20480.030.050.07percentRoot0.1 percentRootCrudeHodge 2007
338733813FemalesParticipants in a case-cohort studyAustraliaAUMCCS (Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)23910.020.030.05g/day29.6 mg/dayCrudeHodge 2007
340133953FemalesParticipants in a case-cohort studyAustraliaAUMCCS (Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)23910.030.050.07percentRoot0.1 percentRootCrudeHodge 2007
415441603Meat high consumers (Meat intake: >285 g/day)Men with different diets in Melbourne areaAustraliaAUStudy on diet and thrombotic risk factorcsFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)160.240.11g/day236.6 mg/dayCrudeMann 2006
417041763Meat moderate consumers (Meat intake: <260 g/day)Men with different diets in Melbourne areaAustraliaAUStudy on diet and thrombotic risk factorcsFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)530.10.04g/day98.6 mg/dayCrudeMann 2006
418641933Ovolacto-vegetariansMen with different diets in Melbourne areaAustraliaAUStudy on diet and thrombotic risk factorcsFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)400.030.03g/day29.6 mg/dayCrudeMann 2006
420342093VegansMen with different diets in Melbourne areaAustraliaAUStudy on diet and thrombotic risk factorcsFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)170.00.0g/day0.0 mg/dayCrudeMann 2006
448244843AllControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)2000.240.11percentRoot0.2 percentRootRegressionEnergy ?Baylin 2005
486148592MalesMiddle-aged dietitiansJapanJPSQFFQ (Japanese Dieticians' Epidemiologic Study)Weighed Dietary record (7-day)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)15162.044.0mg/day162.0 mg/dayCrudeKuriki 2003
489548932FemalesMiddle-aged dietitiansJapanJPSQFFQ (Japanese Dieticians' Epidemiologic Study)Weighed Dietary record (7-day)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)79147.038.0mg/day147.0 mg/dayCrudeKuriki 2003
492949272MalesMiddle-aged dietitiansJapanJPSQFFQ (Japanese Dieticians' Epidemiologic Study)Weighed Dietary record (7-day)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)150.330.1percentRoot0.3 percentRootCrudeKuriki 2003
496149592FemalesMiddle-aged dietitiansJapanJPSQFFQ (Japanese Dieticians' Epidemiologic Study)Weighed Dietary record (7-day)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)790.330.08percentRoot0.3 percentRootCrudeKuriki 2003
551655112AllControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)5030.190.09percentRoot0.2 percentRootCrudeBaylin 2002
555555512AllControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)5030.130.06g/day128.2 mg/dayRegressionEnergyBaylin 2002
5627102382AllPregnant womenMexicoMXA study on PUFAs and foetal neurodevelopmentFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)1460.170.080.010.39mg/day0.2 mg/dayCrudeParra 2002
593859342Quartile 1 (Fish intake: <31 g/day)Adults from GipuzkoaSpainESEPIC-Spain (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)260.230.15g/day226.8 mg/dayRegressionEnergyAmiano 2001
594659422Quartile 2 (Fish intake: 32 to 64 g/day)Adults from GipuzkoaSpainESEPIC-Spain (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)240.220.05g/day216.9 mg/dayRegressionEnergyAmiano 2001
595459502Quartile 3 (Fish intake: 65 to 115 g/day)Adults from GipuzkoaSpainESEPIC-Spain (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)270.280.19g/day276.1 mg/dayRegressionEnergyAmiano 2001
596259582Quartile 4 (Fish intake: >115 g/day)Adults from GipuzkoaSpainESEPIC-Spain (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)250.260.08g/day256.3 mg/dayRegressionEnergyAmiano 2001
640664133AllObese patients in a clinic from MurciaSpainESDietary record (7-day)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)761.591.63percentRoot1.6 percentRootCrudeGaraulet 2001
661166093AllMiddle-aged menJapanJPJPHC Study Cohort IDietary record (7-day)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)870.22.05.7g/day197.2 mg/dayCrudeKobayashi 2001
662566233AllMiddle-aged menJapanJPJPHC Study Cohort IDietary record (7-day)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)870.40.20.6percentRoot0.4 percentRootCrudeKobayashi 2001
791279072AllParticipants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)1400.10.05g/day98.6 mg/dayCrudeGarland 1998
792379182AllParticipants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)1400.20.08percentRoot0.2 percentRootCrudeGarland 1998
793479292AllParticipants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)1400.10.04g/day98.6 mg/dayCrudeGarland 1998
794579402AllParticipants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)1400.20.07percentRoot0.2 percentRootCrudeGarland 1998

Correlation values

Reproducibility values

IDMst. IDSubject groupPopulationCountryCountry codeCohortTime definitionBiological specimenExperimental methodBiomarkerBiomarker detailArithmetic meanGeometric meanMedianUnitAdjusted onReproducibility sizeICCICC 95% CI lowerICC 95% CI upperCV% WSCV% BSVAR WSVAR BSPublication
491772All [by diagnosis]Elderly subjects with and without mild cognitive impairmentUnited StatesUSbaseline; 1 monthPlasma, fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)missing unit380.79Bowman 2011
641750No cognitive impairmentElderly subjects with and without mild cognitive impairmentUnited StatesUSbaseline; 1 monthPlasma, fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)missing unit190.9Bowman 2011
861728Mild cognitive impairmentElderly subjects with and without mild cognitive impairmentUnited StatesUSbaseline; 1 monthPlasma, fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)missing unit190.73Bowman 2011
26418580AllWomenUnited StatesUSNYUWHS (New York University Women's Health Study)baseline; 1 year; 2 yearsPlasma, non-fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)percentRoot460.710.590.83Zeleniuch-Jacquotte 2000
3356639AllMiddle-aged menJapanJPJPHC Study Cohort Iwinter; summerSerum, fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)6.4percentRoot870.7Kobayashi 2001