gamma-Tocopherol

ID238
Namegamma-Tocopherol
Synonyms[Vitamin E] / (+)-gamma-Tocopherol; D-gamma-Tocopherol
StructureThumb
Description
GroupTocopherols
Sub-groupTocopherols
Exposure sourceDiet
UseVitamins
CAS number54-28-4
PubChem ID92729
ChEBI ID18185
FooDB IDFDB002431
HMDB IDHMDB01492

Biomarker measurements

Biomarker concentration values

IDParent IDDepthSubject groupPopulationCountryCountry codeCohortTime definitionBiospecimenAnalytical methodBiomarkerBiomarker detailMeasurement sizeDetected (nb)Detected (%)Detected only?Arithmethic meanArithmethic SDGeometric meanGeometric SDMinMin (detected)Percentile_05Percentile_10Percentile_25MedianPercentile_75Percentile_90Percentile_95MaxInterquartile rangeMean 95% CI lowerMean 95% CI upperGMean 95% CI lowerGMean 95% CI upperUnitConverted arithmetic meanConverted geometric meanConverted medianAdjustment typeAdjusted onRegressed onExpressed asPublication
20210MalesEthnically diverse population with participants born in Australia, Greece, Italy or the UKAustraliaAUMCCS (Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study)Plasma, unspecifiedHPLCgamma-Tocopherol10861.171.632.33umol/L1630.0 nmol/LCrudeHodge 2009
20290FemalesEthnically diverse population with participants born in Australia, Greece, Italy or the UKAustraliaAUMCCS (Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study)Plasma, unspecifiedHPLCgamma-Tocopherol20241.051.482.03umol/L1480.0 nmol/LCrudeHodge 2009
20510MalesEthnically diverse population with participants born in Australia, Greece, Italy or the UKAustraliaAUMCCS (Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study)Plasma, unspecifiedHPLCgamma-Tocopherol1086215.0302.0419.0umol/mol302.0 umol/molDensityCholesterolHodge 2009
20590FemalesEthnically diverse population with participants born in Australia, Greece, Italy or the UKAustraliaAUMCCS (Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study)Plasma, unspecifiedHPLCgamma-Tocopherol2024197.0266.0367.0umol/mol266.0 umol/molDensityCholesterolHodge 2009
21620Children - MalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudySerum, fasting and non-fastingHPLCgamma-Tocopherol1151.473umol/L1473.0 nmol/LCrudeOkuda 2009
21880Children - FemalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudySerum, fasting and non-fastingHPLCgamma-Tocopherol991.458umol/L1458.0 nmol/LCrudeOkuda 2009
22140Adolescents - MalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudySerum, fasting and non-fastingHPLCgamma-Tocopherol981.351umol/L1351.0 nmol/LCrudeOkuda 2009
22400Adolescents - FemalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudySerum, fasting and non-fastingHPLCgamma-Tocopherol841.469umol/L1469.0 nmol/LCrudeOkuda 2009
38450MalesAdultsUnited StatesUSEATS (Eating at America’s Table Study)Serum, fastingHPLCgamma-Tocopherol443.73.04.5umol/L3700.0 nmol/LCrudeDixon 2006
38520FemalesAdultsUnited StatesUSEATS (Eating at America’s Table Study)Serum, fastingHPLCgamma-Tocopherol863.22.83.8umol/L3200.0 nmol/LCrudeDixon 2006
520852121BlacksElderly black and white participants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSCHAP (Chicago Health and Aging Project)Serum, fastingHPLCgamma-Tocopherol295.363.07umol/L5360.0 nmol/LCrudeTangney 2004
520952131WhitesElderly black and white participants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSCHAP (Chicago Health and Aging Project)Serum, fastingHPLCgamma-Tocopherol305.323.62umol/L5320.0 nmol/LCrudeTangney 2004
521052141FemalesElderly black and white participants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSCHAP (Chicago Health and Aging Project)Serum, fastingHPLCgamma-Tocopherol345.973.51umol/L5970.0 nmol/LCrudeTangney 2004
521152151MalesElderly black and white participants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSCHAP (Chicago Health and Aging Project)Serum, fastingHPLCgamma-Tocopherol254.443.04umol/L4440.0 nmol/LCrudeTangney 2004
524852521BlacksElderly black and white participants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSCHAP (Chicago Health and Aging Project)Serum, fastingHPLCgamma-Tocopherol295.392.88umol/L5390.0 nmol/LRegressionCholesterol, TriglyceridesTangney 2004
524952531WhitesElderly black and white participants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSCHAP (Chicago Health and Aging Project)Serum, fastingHPLCgamma-Tocopherol304.53.07umol/L4500.0 nmol/LRegressionCholesterol, TriglyceridesTangney 2004
525052541FemalesElderly black and white participants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSCHAP (Chicago Health and Aging Project)Serum, fastingHPLCgamma-Tocopherol345.63.04umol/L5600.0 nmol/LRegressionCholesterol, TriglyceridesTangney 2004
525152551MalesElderly black and white participants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSCHAP (Chicago Health and Aging Project)Serum, fastingHPLCgamma-Tocopherol254.062.69umol/L4060.0 nmol/LRegressionCholesterol, TriglyceridesTangney 2004
54130MalesAdolescentsCosta RicaCRPlasma, fastingHPLCgamma-Tocopherol812.280.98umol/L2280.0 nmol/LRegressionCholesterolIrwig 2002
54270FemalesAdolescentsCosta RicaCRPlasma, fastingHPLCgamma-Tocopherol782.360.76umol/L2360.0 nmol/LRegressionCholesterolIrwig 2002
60170AllResidents of Washington County and surrounding areasUnited StatesUSCLUE IIPlasma, non-fastingHPLCgamma-Tocopherol1160.240.10.040.170.230.290.56ug/dL0.0 mg/L0.0 mg/LCrudeBlock 2001
65750Supplement nonusers - MalesControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRPlasma, fastingHPLCgamma-Tocopherol3472.70.1umol/L2700.0 nmol/LRegressionTriglyceridesEl-Sohemy 2001
65760Supplement nonusers - MalesControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRPlasma, fastingHPLCgamma-Tocopherol3472.70.1umol/L2700.0 nmol/LRegressionAge, Smoking, BMIEl-Sohemy 2001
65770Supplement nonusers - MalesControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRAdipose tissue, buttocksHPLCgamma-Tocopherol34718.10.6ug/g18.1 ug/gCrudeEl-Sohemy 2001
65780Supplement nonusers - MalesControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRAdipose tissue, buttocksHPLCgamma-Tocopherol34718.10.7ug/g18.1 ug/gRegressionAge, Smoking, BMIEl-Sohemy 2001
65810Supplement nonusers - FemalesControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRPlasma, fastingHPLCgamma-Tocopherol1112.70.1umol/L2700.0 nmol/LRegressionTriglyceridesEl-Sohemy 2001
65820Supplement nonusers - FemalesControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRPlasma, fastingHPLCgamma-Tocopherol1112.60.1umol/L2600.0 nmol/LRegressionAge, Smoking, BMIEl-Sohemy 2001
65830Supplement nonusers - FemalesControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRAdipose tissue, buttocksHPLCgamma-Tocopherol11120.91.2ug/g20.9 ug/gCrudeEl-Sohemy 2001
65840Supplement nonusers - FemalesControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRAdipose tissue, buttocksHPLCgamma-Tocopherol11120.91.4ug/g20.9 ug/gRegressionAge, Smoking, BMIEl-Sohemy 2001
72660AllWomen in the southern part of Mexico CityMexicoMXPlasma, non-fastingHPLCgamma-Tocopherol1100.840.29mg/L0.8 mg/LCrudeRomieu 1999
92370All [HPFS]Men living in the Boston areaUnited StatesUSHPFS (Health Professionals Follow-Up Study)Plasma, non-fastingHPLCgamma-Tocopherol1211.440.79umol/L1440.0 nmol/LCrudeAscherio 1992
92470All [NHS]Women living in the Boston areaUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)Plasma, non-fastingHPLCgamma-Tocopherol1861.440.72umol/L1440.0 nmol/LCrudeAscherio 1992
184730AllSmokers and nonsmokers exposed to second-hand smokeUnited StatesUSStudy on the effect of antioxidant supplements on oxidative damage in active and passive smokersbaseline; 2 weeksPlasma, fastingHPLCgamma-Tocopherol2060.280.140.26mg/dL2.8 mg/L2.6 mg/LCrudeBlock 2006
186350AllNursesUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)baseline; 2 yearsPlasma, unspecifiedHPLCgamma-Tocopherol40398.02295.04328.0ug/L2.3 mg/LCrudeKotsopoulos 2010

Intake values

IDParent IDDepthSubject groupPopulationCountryCountry codeCohortTime definitionIntake toolIntake food coverageIntake time coverageIntake assessmentCompoundCompound detailSupplement intakes included?Measurement sizeDetected (nb)Detected (%)Detected only?Arithmethic meanArithmethic SDGeometric meanGeometric SDMinMin (detected)Percentile_05Percentile_10Percentile_25MedianPercentile_75Percentile_90Percentile_95MaxInterquartile rangeMean 95% CI lowerMean 95% CI upperGMean 95% CI lowerGMean 95% CI upperUnitConverted arithmetic meanConverted geometric meanConverted medianAdjustment typeAdjusted onRegressed onExpressed asPublication
21450Children - MalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)gamma-Tocopherol1167.7mg/1000 kcal7.7 mg/1000 kcalDensityEnergyOkuda 2009
21710Children - FemalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)gamma-Tocopherol1008.5mg/1000 kcal8.5 mg/1000 kcalDensityEnergyOkuda 2009
21970Adolescents - MalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)gamma-Tocopherol987.4mg/1000 kcal7.4 mg/1000 kcalDensityEnergyOkuda 2009
22230Adolescents - FemalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)gamma-Tocopherol847.9mg/1000 kcal7.9 mg/1000 kcalDensityEnergyOkuda 2009
38610MalesAdultsUnited StatesUSEATS (Eating at America’s Table Study)Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ)gamma-TocopherolNo4413.811.716.4mg/day13.8 mg/dayCrudeDixon 2006
38710MalesAdultsUnited StatesUSEATS (Eating at America’s Table Study)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)gamma-TocopherolNo4418.916.222.0mg/day18.9 mg/dayCrudeDixon 2006
38810FemalesAdultsUnited StatesUSEATS (Eating at America’s Table Study)Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ)gamma-TocopherolNo8611.29.912.5mg/day11.2 mg/dayCrudeDixon 2006
38910FemalesAdultsUnited StatesUSEATS (Eating at America’s Table Study)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)gamma-TocopherolNo8613.712.515.2mg/day13.7 mg/dayCrudeDixon 2006
50040BlacksElderly black and white participants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSCHAP (Chicago Health and Aging Project)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)gamma-TocopherolNo2914.25.9mg/day14.2 mg/dayCrudeTangney 2004
50050WhitesElderly black and white participants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSCHAP (Chicago Health and Aging Project)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)gamma-TocopherolNo3015.06.7mg/day15.0 mg/dayCrudeTangney 2004
50060FemalesElderly black and white participants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSCHAP (Chicago Health and Aging Project)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)gamma-TocopherolNo3413.05.4mg/day13.0 mg/dayCrudeTangney 2004
50070MalesElderly black and white participants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSCHAP (Chicago Health and Aging Project)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)gamma-TocopherolNo2516.26.7mg/day16.2 mg/dayCrudeTangney 2004
50640BlacksElderly black and white participants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSCHAP (Chicago Health and Aging Project)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)gamma-TocopherolNo2914.44.4mg/day14.4 mg/dayRegressionEnergyTangney 2004
50650WhitesElderly black and white participants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSCHAP (Chicago Health and Aging Project)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)gamma-TocopherolNo3012.93.4mg/day12.9 mg/dayRegressionEnergyTangney 2004
50660FemalesElderly black and white participants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSCHAP (Chicago Health and Aging Project)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)gamma-TocopherolNo3413.54.2mg/day13.5 mg/dayRegressionEnergyTangney 2004
50670MalesElderly black and white participants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSCHAP (Chicago Health and Aging Project)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)gamma-TocopherolNo2513.53.7mg/day13.5 mg/dayRegressionEnergyTangney 2004
51240BlacksElderly black and white participants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSCHAP (Chicago Health and Aging Project)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)gamma-TocopherolNo299.44.7mg/day9.4 mg/dayCrudeTangney 2004
51250WhitesElderly black and white participants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSCHAP (Chicago Health and Aging Project)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)gamma-TocopherolNo3012.46.2mg/day12.4 mg/dayCrudeTangney 2004
51260FemalesElderly black and white participants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSCHAP (Chicago Health and Aging Project)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)gamma-TocopherolNo3410.95.7mg/day10.9 mg/dayCrudeTangney 2004
51270MalesElderly black and white participants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSCHAP (Chicago Health and Aging Project)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)gamma-TocopherolNo2510.76.3mg/day10.7 mg/dayCrudeTangney 2004
51680BlacksElderly black and white participants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSCHAP (Chicago Health and Aging Project)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)gamma-TocopherolNo299.73.9mg/day9.7 mg/dayRegressionEnergyTangney 2004
51690WhitesElderly black and white participants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSCHAP (Chicago Health and Aging Project)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)gamma-TocopherolNo3010.54.1mg/day10.5 mg/dayRegressionEnergyTangney 2004
51700FemalesElderly black and white participants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSCHAP (Chicago Health and Aging Project)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)gamma-TocopherolNo3410.94.6mg/day10.9 mg/dayRegressionEnergyTangney 2004
51710MalesElderly black and white participants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSCHAP (Chicago Health and Aging Project)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)gamma-TocopherolNo259.33.9mg/day9.3 mg/dayRegressionEnergyTangney 2004
54060MalesAdolescentsCosta RicaCRFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)gamma-Tocopherol8118.27.0mg/day18.2 mg/dayRegressionEnergyIrwig 2002
54200FemalesAdolescentsCosta RicaCRFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)gamma-Tocopherol7818.97.1mg/day18.9 mg/dayRegressionEnergyIrwig 2002
57830AllControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCR24-h Dietary recall (1-day)gamma-Tocopherol1203.01.1ug/day0.0 mg/dayCrudeKabagambe 2001
58090AllControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)gamma-Tocopherol12015.08.0ug/day0.0 mg/dayCrudeKabagambe 2001
58350AllControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)gamma-Tocopherol12015.08.0ug/day0.0 mg/dayCrudeKabagambe 2001
58610AllControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)gamma-Tocopherol12015.07.0ug/day0.0 mg/dayCrudeKabagambe 2001
65730Supplement nonusers - MalesControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)gamma-TocopherolNo34713.80.4mg/day13.8 mg/dayRegressionEnergyEl-Sohemy 2001
65740Supplement nonusers - MalesControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)gamma-TocopherolNo34713.40.4mg/day13.4 mg/dayRegressionAge, Smoking, BMIEl-Sohemy 2001
65790Supplement nonusers - FemalesControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)gamma-TocopherolNo11113.90.7mg/day13.9 mg/dayRegressionEnergyEl-Sohemy 2001
65800Supplement nonusers - FemalesControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)gamma-TocopherolNo11113.00.8mg/day13.0 mg/dayRegressionAge, Smoking, BMIEl-Sohemy 2001
72740AllWomen in the southern part of Mexico CityMexicoMX24-h Dietary recall (4-day)gamma-Tocopherol1105.541.98mg/day5.5 mg/dayCrudeRomieu 1999
72840AllWomen in the southern part of Mexico CityMexicoMXFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)gamma-Tocopherol1106.263.0mg/day6.3 mg/dayCrudeRomieu 1999
72940AllWomen in the southern part of Mexico CityMexicoMXFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)gamma-Tocopherol1105.72.23mg/day5.7 mg/dayCrudeRomieu 1999

Correlation values

Reproducibility values

IDMst. IDSubject groupPopulationCountryCountry codeCohortTime definitionBiological specimenExperimental methodBiomarkerBiomarker detailArithmetic meanGeometric meanMedianUnitAdjusted onReproducibility sizeICCICC 95% CI lowerICC 95% CI upperCV% WSCV% BSVAR WSVAR BSPublication
401758All [by diagnosis]Elderly subjects with and without mild cognitive impairmentUnited StatesUSbaseline; 1 monthPlasma, fastingHPLCgamma-Tocopherolmissing unit380.84Bowman 2011
721736No cognitive impairmentElderly subjects with and without mild cognitive impairmentUnited StatesUSbaseline; 1 monthPlasma, fastingHPLCgamma-Tocopherolmissing unit190.75Bowman 2011
941714Mild cognitive impairmentElderly subjects with and without mild cognitive impairmentUnited StatesUSbaseline; 1 monthPlasma, fastingHPLCgamma-Tocopherolmissing unit190.83Bowman 2011
17818473AllSmokers and nonsmokers exposed to second-hand smokeUnited StatesUSStudy on the effect of antioxidant supplements on oxidative damage in active and passive smokersbaseline; 2 weeksPlasma, fastingHPLCgamma-Tocopherol0.280.26mg/dL2060.630.0050.008Block 2006
29218635AllNursesUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)baseline; 2 yearsPlasma, unspecifiedHPLCgamma-Tocopherol2295.0ug/L400.880.780.9324.666.0Kotsopoulos 2010
61719088AllDutch participants of the EPIC-StudyNetherlandsNLMORGEN-EPIC projectbaseline; 3 yearsPlasma, non-fastingHPLCgamma-Tocopherolnmol/L620.520.340.65Leenders 2013