Palmitic acid (16:0)

ID242
NamePalmitic acid (16:0)
SynonymsHexadecanoic acid
StructureThumb
Description
GroupFatty acids
Sub-groupSFA
Exposure sourceDiet
Use
CAS number57-10-3
PubChem ID985
ChEBI ID15756
FooDB IDFDB011679
HMDB IDHMDB00220

Biomarker measurements

Biomarker concentration values

IDParent IDDepthSubject groupPopulationCountryCountry codeCohortTime definitionBiospecimenAnalytical methodBiomarkerBiomarker detailMeasurement sizeDetected (nb)Detected (%)Detected only?Arithmethic meanArithmethic SDGeometric meanGeometric SDMinMin (detected)Percentile_05Percentile_10Percentile_25MedianPercentile_75Percentile_90Percentile_95MaxInterquartile rangeMean 95% CI lowerMean 95% CI upperGMean 95% CI lowerGMean 95% CI upperUnitConverted arithmetic meanConverted geometric meanConverted medianAdjustment typeAdjusted onRegressed onExpressed asPublication
196619812AllNear-term pregnant womenCanadaCARed blood cell membrane (Phosphatidylcholine), fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)10537.51.58percentRoot37.5 percentRootCrudeFriesen 2010
198319982AllNear-term pregnant womenCanadaCARed blood cell membrane (Ethanolamine phosphoglyceride), fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)10520.52.67percentRoot20.5 percentRootCrudeFriesen 2010
245899151Adults in Northern SwedenAdults in Northern SwedenSwedenSEVIP cohort (Vasterbotten Intervention Project)Red blood cell membrane, fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)8828.028.028.0percentRoot28.0 percentRootCrudeWennberg 2009
245999161Adults in Northern SwedenAdults in Northern SwedenSwedenSEVIP cohort (Vasterbotten Intervention Project)Red blood cell membrane, fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)9228.028.028.0percentRoot28.0 percentRootCrudeWennberg 2009
284928512AllControls in a coronary heart disease substudyUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)Plasma, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)30619.312.41percentRoot19.3 percentRootCrudeSun 2007
287328752AllControls in a coronary heart disease substudyUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)Red blood cell, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)30618.651.86percentRoot18.7 percentRootCrudeSun 2007
315331522AllParticipants in a dietary validation studyAustraliaAUNambour Skin Cancer StudyPlasma, non-fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)43362.9682.93346.07ug/mL363.0 mg/L346.1 mg/LCrudeMcNaughton 2007
336933632MalesParticipants in a case-cohort studyAustraliaAUMCCS (Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study)Plasma, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)204825.41.5percentRoot25.4 percentRootCrudeHodge 2007
341134052FemalesParticipants in a case-cohort studyAustraliaAUMCCS (Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study)Plasma, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)239125.11.6percentRoot25.1 percentRootCrudeHodge 2007
421242152Meat high consumers (Meat intake: >285 g/day)Men with different diets in Melbourne areaAustraliaAUStudy on diet and thrombotic risk factorcsPlasma, fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)1827.20.9mg/100 mL272.0 mg/LCrudeMann 2006
423042332Meat moderate consumers (Meat intake: <260 g/day)Men with different diets in Melbourne areaAustraliaAUStudy on diet and thrombotic risk factorcsPlasma, fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)6027.31.3mg/100 mL273.0 mg/LCrudeMann 2006
424842512Ovolacto-vegetariansMen with different diets in Melbourne areaAustraliaAUStudy on diet and thrombotic risk factorcsPlasma, fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)4327.01.4mg/100 mL270.0 mg/LCrudeMann 2006
426642692VegansMen with different diets in Melbourne areaAustraliaAUStudy on diet and thrombotic risk factorcsPlasma, fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)1826.41.6mg/100 mL264.0 mg/LCrudeMann 2006
436499401Margarine consumersVolunteers from the Dunedin areaNew ZealandNZPlasma, fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)6530.6441.607percentRoot30.6 percentRootCrudeSkeaff 2006
438099391Butter consumersVolunteers from the Dunedin areaNew ZealandNZPlasma, fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)6431.1051.36percentRoot31.1 percentRootCrudeSkeaff 2006
450045052AllControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRAdipose tissue, buttocksGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)20020.532.83percentRoot20.5 percentRootCrudeBaylin 2005
453945442AllControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRPlasma, fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)20022.782.24percentRoot22.8 percentRootCrudeBaylin 2005
457845832AllControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRWhole blood, fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)20021.921.88percentRoot21.9 percentRootCrudeBaylin 2005
487148692MalesMiddle-aged dietitiansJapanJPSQFFQ (Japanese Dieticians' Epidemiologic Study)Plasma, fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)152.360.43mmol/L2360000.0 nmol/LCrudeKuriki 2003
490549032FemalesMiddle-aged dietitiansJapanJPSQFFQ (Japanese Dieticians' Epidemiologic Study)Plasma, fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)792.50.63mmol/L2500000.0 nmol/LCrudeKuriki 2003
493849362MalesMiddle-aged dietitiansJapanJPSQFFQ (Japanese Dieticians' Epidemiologic Study)Plasma, fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)1522.671.27percentRoot22.7 percentRootCrudeKuriki 2003
497049682FemalesMiddle-aged dietitiansJapanJPSQFFQ (Japanese Dieticians' Epidemiologic Study)Plasma, fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)7923.161.45percentRoot23.2 percentRootCrudeKuriki 2003
531753122Non-Hispanic BlacksBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)Adipose tissue, buttocksGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)4919.32.5percentRoot19.3 percentRootCrudeKnutsen 2003
536953642Non-Hispanic WhitesBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)Adipose tissue, buttocksGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)7217.02.4percentRoot17.0 percentRootCrudeKnutsen 2003
545754532AllControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRAdipose tissue, buttocksGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)50321.62.67percentRoot21.6 percentRootCrudeBaylin 2002
5634102351AllPregnant womenMexicoMXA study on PUFAs and foetal neurodevelopmentRed blood cell membrane, unspecifiedGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)3521.3822.4912.91524.874percentRoot21.4 percentRootCrudeParra 2002
5709101621AllFemale university studentsGermanyDEPlasma (phospholipids), fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)5229.892.0425.5727.2728.5329.8931.732.4534.67percentRoot29.9 percentRoot29.9 percentRootCrudeFremann 2002
5720101631AllFemale university studentsGermanyDEPlasma (triglycerides), fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)5230.03.5421.226.1827.5329.8832.2634.7339.94percentRoot30.0 percentRoot29.9 percentRootCrudeFremann 2002
632563432AllObese patients in a clinic from MurciaSpainESAdipose tissue, periumbilical (subcutaneous)GC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)7621.163.63percentRoot21.2 percentRootCrudeGaraulet 2001
635063682AllObese patients in a clinic from MurciaSpainESAdipose tissue, intraabdominal (perivisceral)GC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)5723.33.43percentRoot23.3 percentRootCrudeGaraulet 2001
637563932AllObese patients in a clinic from MurciaSpainESAdipose tissue, intraabdominal (omental)GC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)2419.533.33percentRoot19.5 percentRootCrudeGaraulet 2001
662766262AllMiddle-aged menJapanJPJPHC Study Cohort Iwinter; summerSerum, fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)8728.723.236.9percentRoot28.7 percentRootCrudeKobayashi 2001
664166402AllMiddle-aged menJapanJPJPHC Study Cohort IwinterSerum, fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)8728.53.128.7percentRoot28.5 percentRoot28.7 percentRootCrudeKobayashi 2001
665566542AllMiddle-aged menJapanJPJPHC Study Cohort IsummerSerum, fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)8728.92.829.0percentRoot28.9 percentRoot29.0 percentRootCrudeKobayashi 2001
7473100421AllMen in Uppsala county participant in a prospective survey on risk factors for ischemic heart diseaseSwedenSESerum (cholesterol esters), unspecifiedGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)6612.120.7810.7114.26percentRoot12.1 percentRootCrudeSmedman 1999
7486100431AllMen in Uppsala county participant in a prospective survey on risk factors for ischemic heart diseaseSwedenSESerum (phospholipids), unspecifiedGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)6632.291.6129.1736.16percentRoot32.3 percentRootCrudeSmedman 1999
7649100971AllMen from Oerland military flight stationNorwayNOAdipose tissue, buttocksGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)11920.321.422.1percentRoot21.4 percentRootCrudeAndersen 1999
7660100981AllMen from Oerland military flight stationNorwayNOSerum, fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)13520.721.622.7percentRoot21.6 percentRootCrudeAndersen 1999
770877012AllMen in Uppsala countySwedenSEAdipose tissue (triglycerides), buttocksGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)12321.91.9percentRoot21.9 percentRootCrudeJiang 1999
795979562AllParticipants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)Adipose tissue, buttocksGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)14015.35.3percentRoot15.3 percentRootCrudeGarland 1998
800280232AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Serum, non-fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)23425.611.21percentRoot25.6 percentRootCrudeHjartaker 1997
802980502AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Serum, non-fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)234311.7654.37mg/L311.8 mg/LCrudeHjartaker 1997
856185572MalesMiddle-aged subjectsUnited StatesUSARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities)Plasma (cholesterol esters), fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)171210.20.8percentRoot10.2 percentRootCrudeMa 1995
857085662MalesMiddle-aged subjectsUnited StatesUSARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities)Plasma (phospholipids), fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)171225.51.6percentRoot25.5 percentRootCrudeMa 1995
857985752FemalesMiddle-aged subjectsUnited StatesUSARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities)Plasma (cholesterol esters), fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)18589.90.8percentRoot9.9 percentRootCrudeMa 1995
858885842FemalesMiddle-aged subjectsUnited StatesUSARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities)Plasma (phospholipids), fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)185825.31.7percentRoot25.3 percentRootCrudeMa 1995
866586782All [by gender]Obese subjects with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitusNetherlandsNLProspective study on weight lossbaseline; 1 year; 2 yearsAdipose tissue (triglycerides), abdomenGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)5325.371.82percentRoot25.4 percentRootCrudePopp-Snijders 1995
868386962MalesObese subjects with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitusNetherlandsNLProspective study on weight lossbaseline; 1 year; 2 yearsAdipose tissue (triglycerides), abdomenGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)1925.481.81percentRoot25.5 percentRootCrudePopp-Snijders 1995
870187142FemalesObese subjects with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitusNetherlandsNLProspective study on weight lossbaseline; 1 year; 2 yearsAdipose tissue (triglycerides), abdomenGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)3425.321.83percentRoot25.3 percentRootCrudePopp-Snijders 1995
894190482MalesAdults living in CopenhagenDenmarkDKAdipose tissue, buttocksGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)2320.781.33percentRoot20.8 percentRootCrudeTjonneland 1993
897190512FemalesAdults living in CopenhagenDenmarkDKAdipose tissue, buttocksGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)6319.792.1percentRoot19.8 percentRootCrudeTjonneland 1993
934693432AllControls in a study on diet and breast cancer in Boston areaUnited StatesUSAdipose tissue, buttocksGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)11519.062.4812.7226.6percentRoot19.1 percentRootCrudeLondon 1991
952695322All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (phospholipids), fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)12424.0umol/L424000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
953595412All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (phospholipids), fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)12347.0umol/L347000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
954495502All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (phospholipids), fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)12366.0umol/L366000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
955395592All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (phospholipids), fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)1224.7percentRoot24.7 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
956295682All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (phospholipids), fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)1222.28percentRoot22.3 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
957195772All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (phospholipids), fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)1222.69percentRoot22.7 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
958095862All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (free fatty acids), fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)1274.0umol/L74000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
958995952All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (free fatty acids), fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)1253.0umol/L53000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
959896042All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (free fatty acids), fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)1252.0umol/L52000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
960796132All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (free fatty acids), fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)1216.93percentRoot16.9 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
961696222All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (free fatty acids), fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)1214.59percentRoot14.6 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
962596312All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (free fatty acids), fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)1214.18percentRoot14.2 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
963496402All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (triglycerides), fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)1280.0umol/L80000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
964396492All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (triglycerides), fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)12147.0umol/L147000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
965296582All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (triglycerides), fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)12129.0umol/L129000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
966196672All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (triglycerides), fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)1214.88percentRoot14.9 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
967096762All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (triglycerides), fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)1217.84percentRoot17.8 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
967996852All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (triglycerides), fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)1218.46percentRoot18.5 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
968896942All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (cholesterol esters), fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)12114.0umol/L114000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
969797032All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (cholesterol esters), fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)12131.0umol/L131000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
970697122All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (cholesterol esters), fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)1295.0umol/L95000.0 nmol/LCrudeLopes 1991
971597212All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (cholesterol esters), fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)129.47percentRoot9.5 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
972497302All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (cholesterol esters), fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)1210.31percentRoot10.3 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
973397392All [by gender]Subjects working in a nutrition metabolism laboratoryUnited StatesUSPlasma (cholesterol esters), fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)128.98percentRoot9.0 percentRootCrudeLopes 1991
18592185982AllWomenUnited StatesUSNYUWHS (New York University Women's Health Study)baselinePlasma, non-fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)4624.041.63percentRoot24.0 percentRootUnspecifiedZeleniuch-Jacquotte 2000

Intake values

IDParent IDDepthSubject groupPopulationCountryCountry codeCohortTime definitionIntake toolIntake food coverageIntake time coverageIntake assessmentCompoundCompound detailSupplement intakes included?Measurement sizeDetected (nb)Detected (%)Detected only?Arithmethic meanArithmethic SDGeometric meanGeometric SDMinMin (detected)Percentile_05Percentile_10Percentile_25MedianPercentile_75Percentile_90Percentile_95MaxInterquartile rangeMean 95% CI lowerMean 95% CI upperGMean 95% CI lowerGMean 95% CI upperUnitConverted arithmetic meanConverted geometric meanConverted medianAdjustment typeAdjusted onRegressed onExpressed asPublication
242699111Adults in Northern SwedenAdults in Northern SwedenSwedenSEVIP cohort (Vasterbotten Intervention Project)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Palmitic acid (16:0)8821.0percentRoot21.0 percentRootCrudeWennberg 2009
242799121Adults in Northern SwedenAdults in Northern SwedenSwedenSEVIP cohort (Vasterbotten Intervention Project)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Palmitic acid (16:0)9221.0percentRoot21.0 percentRootCrudeWennberg 2009
244299131Adults in Northern SwedenAdults in Northern SwedenSwedenSEVIP cohort (Vasterbotten Intervention Project)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Palmitic acid (16:0)8821.0percentRoot21.0 percentRootCrudeWennberg 2009
244399141Adults in Northern SwedenAdults in Northern SwedenSwedenSEVIP cohort (Vasterbotten Intervention Project)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Palmitic acid (16:0)9221.0percentRoot21.0 percentRootCrudeWennberg 2009
289728992AllControls in a coronary heart disease substudyUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Palmitic acid (16:0)30621.62.58percentRoot21.6 percentRootCrudeSun 2007
316831672AllParticipants in a dietary validation studyAustraliaAUNambour Skin Cancer StudyFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Palmitic acid (16:0)4315.225.8613.35g/day15220.0 mg/day13350.0 mg/dayRegressionEnergyMcNaughton 2007
318331822AllParticipants in a dietary validation studyAustraliaAUNambour Skin Cancer StudyWeighed Dietary record (2-day)Palmitic acid (16:0)4314.664.5114.36g/day14660.0 mg/day14360.0 mg/dayRegressionEnergyMcNaughton 2007
334033342MalesParticipants in a case-cohort studyAustraliaAUMCCS (Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Palmitic acid (16:0)204817.86.8g/day17800.0 mg/dayCrudeHodge 2007
335533492MalesParticipants in a case-cohort studyAustraliaAUMCCS (Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Palmitic acid (16:0)204820.01.9percentRoot20.0 percentRootCrudeHodge 2007
338333772FemalesParticipants in a case-cohort studyAustraliaAUMCCS (Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Palmitic acid (16:0)239114.85.3g/day14800.0 mg/dayCrudeHodge 2007
339733912FemalesParticipants in a case-cohort studyAustraliaAUMCCS (Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Palmitic acid (16:0)239119.91.9percentRoot19.9 percentRootCrudeHodge 2007
414741492Meat high consumers (Meat intake: >285 g/day)Men with different diets in Melbourne areaAustraliaAUStudy on diet and thrombotic risk factorcsFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Palmitic acid (16:0)1639.5716.29g/day39570.0 mg/dayCrudeMann 2006
416341652Meat moderate consumers (Meat intake: <260 g/day)Men with different diets in Melbourne areaAustraliaAUStudy on diet and thrombotic risk factorcsFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Palmitic acid (16:0)5318.328.41g/day18320.0 mg/dayCrudeMann 2006
417941812Ovolacto-vegetariansMen with different diets in Melbourne areaAustraliaAUStudy on diet and thrombotic risk factorcsFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Palmitic acid (16:0)4017.347.39g/day17340.0 mg/dayCrudeMann 2006
419641982VegansMen with different diets in Melbourne areaAustraliaAUStudy on diet and thrombotic risk factorcsFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Palmitic acid (16:0)1710.194.2g/day10190.0 mg/dayCrudeMann 2006
446144662AllControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Palmitic acid (16:0)20025.734.91percentRoot25.7 percentRootRegressionEnergy ?Baylin 2005
485448522MalesMiddle-aged dietitiansJapanJPSQFFQ (Japanese Dieticians' Epidemiologic Study)Weighed Dietary record (7-day)Palmitic acid (16:0)159291.01616.0mg/day9291.0 mg/dayCrudeKuriki 2003
488848862FemalesMiddle-aged dietitiansJapanJPSQFFQ (Japanese Dieticians' Epidemiologic Study)Weighed Dietary record (7-day)Palmitic acid (16:0)799361.02274.0mg/day9361.0 mg/dayCrudeKuriki 2003
492249202MalesMiddle-aged dietitiansJapanJPSQFFQ (Japanese Dieticians' Epidemiologic Study)Weighed Dietary record (7-day)Palmitic acid (16:0)1518.931.41percentRoot18.9 percentRootCrudeKuriki 2003
495449522FemalesMiddle-aged dietitiansJapanJPSQFFQ (Japanese Dieticians' Epidemiologic Study)Weighed Dietary record (7-day)Palmitic acid (16:0)7920.251.76percentRoot20.3 percentRootCrudeKuriki 2003
528952842Non-Hispanic BlacksBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Palmitic acid (16:0)4910.74.1g/day10700.0 mg/dayCrudeKnutsen 2003
530352982Non-Hispanic BlacksBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Palmitic acid (16:0)4916.52.5percentRoot16.5 percentRootCrudeKnutsen 2003
534153362Non-Hispanic WhitesBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Palmitic acid (16:0)7211.94.5g/day11900.0 mg/dayCrudeKnutsen 2003
535553502Non-Hispanic WhitesBlack and white Seventh-day Adventists participant in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSAHS (Adventist Health Study)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Palmitic acid (16:0)7216.72.2percentRoot16.7 percentRootCrudeKnutsen 2003
549854942AllControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Palmitic acid (16:0)50327.014.66percentRoot27.0 percentRootCrudeBaylin 2002
553955352AllControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Palmitic acid (16:0)50319.524.17g/day19520.0 mg/dayRegressionEnergyBaylin 2002
5615102361AllPregnant womenMexicoMXA study on PUFAs and foetal neurodevelopmentFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Palmitic acid (16:0)14614.9895.123.3533.71mg/day15.0 mg/dayCrudeParra 2002
577657652AllControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCR24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Palmitic acid (16:0)12011.06.0g/day10845.6 mg/dayCrudeKabagambe 2001
580257912AllControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Palmitic acid (16:0)12020.06.0g/day19719.2 mg/dayCrudeKabagambe 2001
582858172AllControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Palmitic acid (16:0)12021.07.0g/day20705.1 mg/dayCrudeKabagambe 2001
585458432AllControls in a case-control study on diet and heart diseaseCosta RicaCRFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Palmitic acid (16:0)12020.06.0g/day19719.2 mg/dayCrudeKabagambe 2001
640064092AllObese patients in a clinic from MurciaSpainESDietary record (7-day)Palmitic acid (16:0)7617.373.4percentRoot17.4 percentRootCrudeGaraulet 2001
659965982AllMiddle-aged menJapanJPJPHC Study Cohort IDietary record (7-day)Palmitic acid (16:0)879.96.414.1g/day9900.0 mg/dayCrudeKobayashi 2001
661366122AllMiddle-aged menJapanJPJPHC Study Cohort IDietary record (7-day)Palmitic acid (16:0)8719.115.322.5percentRoot19.1 percentRootCrudeKobayashi 2001
7628100961AllMen from Oerland military flight stationNorwayNOFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Palmitic acid (16:0)Yes13513.816.822.2g/day16800.0 mg/dayCrudeAndersen 1999
763976362AllMen from Oerland military flight stationNorwayNOFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Palmitic acid (16:0)Yes13517.518.720.3percentRoot18.7 percentRootCrudeAndersen 1999
767676692AllMen in Uppsala countySwedenSEWeighed Dietary record (7-day)Palmitic acid (16:0)10316.95.0g/day16900.0 mg/dayCrudeJiang 1999
769376862AllMen in Uppsala countySwedenSE24-h Dietary recall (7-day)Palmitic acid (16:0)12316.24.6g/day16200.0 mg/dayCrudeJiang 1999
790979062AllParticipants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Palmitic acid (16:0)14012.74.4g/day12700.0 mg/dayCrudeGarland 1998
792079172AllParticipants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Palmitic acid (16:0)14020.72.1percentRoot20.7 percentRootCrudeGarland 1998
793179282AllParticipants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Palmitic acid (16:0)14011.74.0g/day11700.0 mg/dayCrudeGarland 1998
794279392AllParticipants in a dietary validation studyUnited StatesUSNHS (Nurses' Health Study)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Palmitic acid (16:0)14020.42.1percentRoot20.4 percentRootCrudeGarland 1998
852685222MalesMiddle-aged subjectsUnited StatesUSARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Palmitic acid (16:0)171214.16.2g/day14100.0 mg/dayCrudeMa 1995
853585312MalesMiddle-aged subjectsUnited StatesUSARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Palmitic acid (16:0)171220.11.8percentRoot20.1 percentRootCrudeMa 1995
854485402FemalesMiddle-aged subjectsUnited StatesUSARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Palmitic acid (16:0)185811.44.9g/day11400.0 mg/dayCrudeMa 1995
855285492FemalesMiddle-aged subjectsUnited StatesUSARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Palmitic acid (16:0)185820.11.8percentRoot20.1 percentRootCrudeMa 1995
935993562AllControls in a study on diet and breast cancer in Boston areaUnited StatesUSFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Palmitic acid (16:0)11512.165.58g/day12160.0 mg/dayCrudeLondon 1991
937293692AllControls in a study on diet and breast cancer in Boston areaUnited StatesUSFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Palmitic acid (16:0)11520.732.21percentRoot20.7 percentRootCrudeLondon 1991

Correlation values

Reproducibility values

IDMst. IDSubject groupPopulationCountryCountry codeCohortTime definitionBiological specimenExperimental methodBiomarkerBiomarker detailArithmetic meanGeometric meanMedianUnitAdjusted onReproducibility sizeICCICC 95% CI lowerICC 95% CI upperCV% WSCV% BSVAR WSVAR BSPublication
24918564AllWomenUnited StatesUSNYUWHS (New York University Women's Health Study)baseline; 1 year; 2 yearsPlasma, non-fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)percentRoot460.570.410.73Zeleniuch-Jacquotte 2000
3236627AllMiddle-aged menJapanJPJPHC Study Cohort Iwinter; summerSerum, fastingGC-FIDPalmitic acid (16:0)28.7percentRoot870.54Kobayashi 2001