ID866
NameCotinine
Synonyms(-)-Cotinine; S-Cotinine; S-(-)-Cotinine
StructureThumb
DescriptionBiomarker of tobacco smoke exposure. Metabolite of nicotine.
ClassificationCompounds > Pollution > Tobacco > Nicotine
CAS number486-56-6
PubChem ID854019
ChEBI ID68641
FooDB IDFDB004716
HMDB IDHMDB01046

Chemical data

MolDBi data

IUPAC Name(5S)-1-methyl-5-(pyridin-3-yl)pyrrolidin-2-one
Traditional IUPAC Namecotinine
FormulaC10H12N2O
InChIInChI=1S/C10H12N2O/c1-12-9(4-5-10(12)13)8-3-2-6-11-7-8/h2-3,6-7,9H,4-5H2,1H3/t9-/m0/s1
InChI KeyUIKROCXWUNQSPJ-VIFPVBQESA-N
Molecular weight176.219
Exact mass176.094963014
SMILESCN1[C@@H](CCC1=O)C1=CN=CC=C1

ClassyFire Taxonomy

Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as pyrrolidinylpyridines. Pyrrolidinylpyridines are compounds containing a pyrrolidinylpyridine ring system, which consists of a pyrrolidine ring linked to a pyridine ring.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
ClassPyridines and derivatives
Sub ClassPyrrolidinylpyridines
Direct ParentPyrrolidinylpyridines
Alternative Parents

Publications with Cotinine

TitleFirst authorYear
Korea National Survey for Environmental Pollutants in the human body 2008: 1-hydroxypyrene, 2-naphthol, and cotinine in urine of the Korean populationSul2012
Exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, arsenic and environmental tobacco smoke, nutrient intake, and oxidative stress in Japanese preschool childrenMori2011
German Environmental Survey 1998 (GerES III): environmental pollutants in the urine of the German populationBecker2003
Biomarkers of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-DNA damage and cigarette smoke exposures in paired maternal and newborn blood samples as a measure of differential susceptibilityWhyatt2001
Intraindividual variability of plasma antioxidants, markers of oxidative stress, C-reactive protein, cotinine, and other biomarkersBlock2006

Biomarker data

Measurements of Cotinine in biospecimens

Concentration values

IDParent IDDepthSubject groupPopulationCountryCohortBiomarker Time definitionBiospecimenAnalytical methodBiomarkerBiomarker detailMeasurement sizeDetected (nb)Detected (%)Detected only?Arithmethic meanArithmethic SDGeometric meanGeometric SDMinMin (detected)Percentile_05Percentile_10Percentile_25MedianPercentile_75Percentile_90Percentile_95MaxInterquartile rangeMean 95% CI lowerMean 95% CI upperGMean 95% CI lowerGMean 95% CI upperUnitConverted arithmetic meanConverted geometric meanConverted medianConverted unitAdjustment typeAdjusted onRegressed onExpressed asPublication

Reproducibility values

IDExcretion IDSubject groupPopulationCountryCohortBiomarker Time definitionBiospecimenAnalytical methodBiomarkerBiomarker detailArithmetic meanGeometric meanMedianUnitAdjusted onReproducibility sizeICCICC 95% CI lowerICC 95% CI upperCV% WSCV% BSVAR WSVAR BSPublication

Associations of Cotinine with exposures

Correlation values

IDIntake IDExcretion IDSubject groupPopulationCountryCohortIntake Time definitionIntake Assessment methodIntakeIntake detailSupplement intakes included?Intake Arithmetic meanIntake Geometric meanIntake MedianIntake UnitIntake Adjusted onBiomarker Time definitionBiospecimenAnalytical methodBiomarkerBiomarker detailBiomarker Arithmetic meanBiomarker Geometric meanBiomarker MedianBiomarker UnitBiomarker Adjusted onCorrelation sizeCorrelation typeCorrelation valueCorrelation 95% CI lowerCorrelation 95% CI upperCorrelation p-valueSignificant?Measurement adjustmentDeattenuated?CovariatesPublication

Metabolomic associations

IDIntake IDExcretion IDSubject groupPopulationCountryCohortNo. of subjectsIntake Assessment methodIntakeIntervention doseBiospecimenAnalytical methodBiomarkerStructural identificationFeature selectionArea under curveSensitivitySpecificityPLS-DA VIPBeta coefficientBeta coefficient p-valueANOVA p-valuePublication

Associations of Cotinine with cancer risk

Cancer associations

IDExcretion IDSubject groupPopulationCountryCohortNo. of subjectsNo. of casesNo. of controlsBiospecimenAnalytical methodBiomarkerBiomarker detailCancerStudy designPublication

Exposure data

Measurements of Cotinine exposures in populations

Intake values

IDParent IDDepthSubject groupPopulationCountryCohortIntake Time definitionIntake assessment toolIntake food coverageIntake time coverageIntake Assessment methodIntakeIntake detailFood descriptionSupplement intakes included?Measurement sizeDetected (nb)Detected (%)Detected only?Arithmethic meanArithmethic SDGeometric meanGeometric SDMinMin (detected)Percentile_05Percentile_10Percentile_25MedianPercentile_75Percentile_90Percentile_95MaxInterquartile rangeMean 95% CI lowerMean 95% CI upperGMean 95% CI lowerGMean 95% CI upperUnitConverted arithmetic meanConverted geometric meanConverted medianConverted unitAdjustment typeAdjusted onRegressed onExpressed asPublication

Associations of Cotinine exposures with biomarkers

Correlation values

IDIntake IDExcretion IDSubject groupPopulationCountryCohortIntake Time definitionIntake Assessment methodIntakeIntake detailSupplement intakes included?Intake Arithmetic meanIntake Geometric meanIntake MedianIntake UnitIntake Adjusted onBiomarker Time definitionBiospecimenAnalytical methodBiomarkerBiomarker detailBiomarker Arithmetic meanBiomarker Geometric meanBiomarker MedianBiomarker UnitBiomarker Adjusted onCorrelation sizeCorrelation typeCorrelation valueCorrelation 95% CI lowerCorrelation 95% CI upperCorrelation p-valueSignificant?Measurement adjustmentDeattenuated?CovariatesPublication