Fatty fish

ID212
NameFatty fish
SynonymsOily fish
Description
GroupSeafood
Sub-groupFish
FooDB ID

Biomarker measurements

Intake values

IDParent IDDepthSubject groupPopulationCountryCountry codeCohortTime definitionIntake toolIntake food coverageIntake time coverageIntake assessmentFoodFood detailFood descriptionSupplement intakes included?Measurement sizeDetected (nb)Detected (%)Detected only?Arithmethic meanArithmethic SDGeometric meanGeometric SDMinMin (detected)Percentile_05Percentile_10Percentile_25MedianPercentile_75Percentile_90Percentile_95MaxInterquartile rangeMean 95% CI lowerMean 95% CI upperGMean 95% CI lowerGMean 95% CI upperUnitConverted arithmetic meanConverted geometric meanConverted medianAdjustment typeAdjusted onRegressed onExpressed asPublication
157015691MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFish FFQ + Fineli Finnish Food Composition Database24-itemFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fishFatty fish species: Tuna, Sardine, Herring, Mackerel, Rainbow trout, Baltic herring, Baltic salmon, Baltic trout, Smoked mackerel, Norwegian salmon, Frozen fish, Canned fish, Fresh fish1257.3times/month1.7 times/weekRegressionAgeTurunen 2010
158915881FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFish FFQ + Fineli Finnish Food Composition Database24-itemFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fishFatty fish species: Tuna, Sardine, Herring, Mackerel, Rainbow trout, Baltic herring, Baltic salmon, Baltic trout, Smoked mackerel, Norwegian salmon, Frozen fish, Canned fish, Fresh fish1395.9times/month1.4 times/weekRegressionAgeTurunen 2010
215321542Children - MalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)Fatty fishDried and oily fish11610.0g/1000 kcal10000.0 mg/1000 kcalDensityEnergyOkuda 2009
217921802Children - FemalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)Fatty fishDried and oily fish10010.1g/1000 kcal10100.0 mg/1000 kcalDensityEnergyOkuda 2009
220522062Adolescents - MalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)Fatty fishDried and oily fish9813.4g/1000 kcal13400.0 mg/1000 kcalDensityEnergyOkuda 2009
223122322Adolescents - FemalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)Fatty fishDried and oily fish8413.8g/1000 kcal13800.0 mg/1000 kcalDensityEnergyOkuda 2009
269626981AllElderly subjects with mild-to-moderate cognitive impairment or dementiaUnited StatesUSNAME (Nutrition, Aging, and Memory in Elders)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fishFatty fish
Tuna
Fatty fish: Mackerel, Salmon, Sardines, Bluefish, Swordfish, Canned tuna fish2730.470.941.47servings/week0.9 servings/weekCrudeArsenault 2009
270427061High cognitive functionElderly subjects with mild-to-moderate cognitive impairment or dementiaUnited StatesUSNAME (Nutrition, Aging, and Memory in Elders)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fishFatty fish
Tuna
Fatty fish: Mackerel, Salmon, Sardines, Bluefish, Swordfish, Canned tuna fish1860.470.941.47servings/week0.9 servings/weekCrudeArsenault 2009
271227141Low cognitive functionElderly subjects with mild-to-moderate cognitive impairment or dementiaUnited StatesUSNAME (Nutrition, Aging, and Memory in Elders)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fishFatty fish
Tuna
Fatty fish: Mackerel, Salmon, Sardines, Bluefish, Swordfish, Canned tuna fish870.471.01.47servings/week1.0 servings/weekCrudeArsenault 2009
272027221No cognitive impairmentElderly subjects with mild-to-moderate cognitive impairment or dementiaUnited StatesUSNAME (Nutrition, Aging, and Memory in Elders)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fishFatty fish
Tuna
Fatty fish: Mackerel, Salmon, Sardines, Bluefish, Swordfish, Canned tuna fish1290.470.941.47servings/week0.9 servings/weekCrudeArsenault 2009
272827301Mild cognitive impairmentElderly subjects with mild-to-moderate cognitive impairment or dementiaUnited StatesUSNAME (Nutrition, Aging, and Memory in Elders)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fishFatty fish
Tuna
Fatty fish: Mackerel, Salmon, Sardines, Bluefish, Swordfish, Canned tuna fish820.471.01.47servings/week1.0 servings/weekCrudeArsenault 2009
273627381DementiaElderly subjects with mild-to-moderate cognitive impairment or dementiaUnited StatesUSNAME (Nutrition, Aging, and Memory in Elders)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fishFatty fish
Tuna
Fatty fish: Mackerel, Salmon, Sardines, Bluefish, Swordfish, Canned tuna fish620.470.941.47servings/week0.9 servings/weekCrudeArsenault 2009
305230532MalesMiddle-aged participants in a nested case-control studyFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (1-day)Fatty fishFatty fish: Anchovy, Sea bass, Carp, Dogfish, Eel, Halibut, Herring, Mackerel, Mullet, Salmon, Sardine, Trout, Fresh tuna27616.516.0g/day16500.0 mg/dayCrudeAstorg 2008
305730582FemalesMiddle-aged participants in a nested case-control studyFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (1-day)Fatty fishFatty fish: Anchovy, Sea bass, Carp, Dogfish, Eel, Halibut, Herring, Mackerel, Mullet, Salmon, Sardine, Trout, Fresh tuna25713.213.0g/day13200.0 mg/dayCrudeAstorg 2008
306730661Meat eatersWomen with different dietsUnited KingdomGBEPIC-Oxford (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fishOily fish2518.021.0g/day17747.3 mg/dayCrudeAllen 2008
330833052AllVolunteers from the Perth metropolitan areaAustraliaAUFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fishOily fish: Mullet, Tuna, Swordfish, Spanish mackerel, Atlantic salmon7032.08.9g/week4571.4 mg/dayCrudeMina 2007
592159191Quartile 1 (Fish intake: <31 g/day)Adults from GipuzkoaSpainESEPIC-Spain (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ)Fatty fishFatty fish265.186.48g/day5180.0 mg/dayCrudeAmiano 2001
592459221Quartile 2 (Fish intake: 32 to 64 g/day)Adults from GipuzkoaSpainESEPIC-Spain (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ)Fatty fishFatty fish2416.4412.99g/day16440.0 mg/dayCrudeAmiano 2001
592759251Quartile 3 (Fish intake: 65 to 115 g/day)Adults from GipuzkoaSpainESEPIC-Spain (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ)Fatty fishFatty fish2720.6723.5g/day20670.0 mg/dayCrudeAmiano 2001
593059281Quartile 4 (Fish intake: >115 g/day)Adults from GipuzkoaSpainESEPIC-Spain (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)Diet History Questionnaire (DHQ)Fatty fishFatty fish2525.6724.93g/day25670.0 mg/dayCrudeAmiano 2001
805580541AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fishFatty fish filet2342.0times/month0.5 times/weekCrudeHjartaker 1997

Correlation values

IDIntake IDExcretion IDSubject groupPopulationCountryCountry codeCohortIntake Time definitionIntake assessmentIntakeIntake detailSupplement intakes included?Intake Arithmetic meanIntake Geometric meanIntake MedianIntake UnitIntake Adjusted onBiomarker Time definitionBiological specimenBiomarker Experimental methodBiomarkerBiomarker detailBiomarker Arithmetic meanBiomarker Geometric meanBiomarker MedianBiomarker UnitBiomarker Adjusted onCorrelation sizeCorrelation typeCorrelation valueCorrelation 95% CI lowerCorrelation 95% CI upperCorrelation p-valueSignificant?Measurement adjustmentDeattenuated?CovariatesPublication
128915701573MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish7.3times/monthSerum, fastingGC-HRMS2,3,4,7,8-PeCDF85.0pg/gFat125Spearman0.42 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
129515701574MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish7.3times/monthSerum, fastingGC-HRMSOCDD320.0pg/gFat125Spearman0.08 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
130715701576MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish7.3times/monthSerum, fastingGC-HRMSPCB-126190.0pg/gFat125Spearman0.39 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
131315701577MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish7.3times/monthSerum, fastingGC-HRMSPCB-153410.0ng/gFat125Spearman0.33 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
131915701578MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish7.3times/monthWhole blood, fastingGC-ID-MSMethylmercury5.2ng/mL125Spearman0.22 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
136715701579MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish7.3times/monthSerum, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
6.8percentRoot125Spearman0.36 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
137315701580MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish7.3times/monthSerum, fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)2.2percentRoot125Spearman0.35 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
137915701581MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish7.3times/monthSerum, fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)3.9percentRoot125Spearman0.36 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
138515701583MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish7.3times/monthSerum, fastingGC-FIDalpha-Linolenic acid (ALA; cis-18:3n-3)0.9percentRoot125Spearman-0.09 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
139115701584MalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish7.3times/monthSerum, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
30.0percentRoot125Spearman0.04 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
133115891592FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish5.9times/monthSerum, fastingGC-HRMS2,3,4,7,8-PeCDF46.0pg/gFat139Spearman0.32 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
133715891593FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish5.9times/monthSerum, fastingGC-HRMSOCDD410.0pg/gFat139Spearman-0.14 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
134915891595FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish5.9times/monthSerum, fastingGC-HRMSPCB-126120.0pg/gFat139Spearman0.29 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
135515891596FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish5.9times/monthSerum, fastingGC-HRMSPCB-153200.0ng/gFat139Spearman0.23 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
136115891597FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish5.9times/monthWhole blood, fastingGC-ID-MSMethylmercury2.9ng/mL139Spearman0.27 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
139715891598FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish5.9times/monthSerum, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
6.8percentRoot139Spearman0.25 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
140315891599FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish5.9times/monthSerum, fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)1.8percentRoot139Spearman0.38 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
140915891600FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish5.9times/monthSerum, fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)4.4percentRoot139Spearman0.18 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
141515891602FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish5.9times/monthSerum, fastingGC-FIDalpha-Linolenic acid (ALA; cis-18:3n-3)0.89percentRoot139Spearman0.12 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
142115891603FemalesProfessional fishermen and their familiesFinlandFIFishermen studybaselineFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish5.9times/monthSerum, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
31.0percentRoot139Spearman-0.08 UnspecifiedAgeTurunen 2010
209421532163Children - MalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)Fatty fish10.0g/1000 kcalEnergyRed blood cell membrane, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)0.71percentRoot106Spearman0.099= 0.317NoEnergy by density method ?BMIOkuda 2009
209521532164Children - MalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)Fatty fish10.0g/1000 kcalEnergyRed blood cell membrane, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDDPA (cis-22:5n-3)2.22percentRoot106Spearman0.119= 0.227NoEnergy by density method ?BMIOkuda 2009
209621532165Children - MalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)Fatty fish10.0g/1000 kcalEnergyRed blood cell membrane, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)6.82percentRoot106Spearman0.212= 0.03YesEnergy by density method ?BMIOkuda 2009
209721532166Children - MalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)Fatty fish10.0g/1000 kcalEnergyRed blood cell membrane, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
9.76percentRoot106Spearman0.202= 0.039YesEnergy by density method ?BMIOkuda 2009
210621792189Children - FemalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)Fatty fish10.1g/1000 kcalEnergyRed blood cell membrane, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)0.71percentRoot85Spearman0.146= 0.186NoEnergy by density method ?BMIOkuda 2009
210721792190Children - FemalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)Fatty fish10.1g/1000 kcalEnergyRed blood cell membrane, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDDPA (cis-22:5n-3)2.14percentRoot85Spearman0.185= 0.092NoEnergy by density method ?BMIOkuda 2009
210821792191Children - FemalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)Fatty fish10.1g/1000 kcalEnergyRed blood cell membrane, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)6.86percentRoot85Spearman-0.043= 0.695NoEnergy by density method ?BMIOkuda 2009
210921792192Children - FemalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)Fatty fish10.1g/1000 kcalEnergyRed blood cell membrane, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
9.73percentRoot85Spearman0.097= 0.379NoEnergy by density method ?BMIOkuda 2009
211822052215Adolescents - MalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)Fatty fish13.4g/1000 kcalEnergyRed blood cell membrane, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)0.71percentRoot91Spearman0.289= 0.006YesEnergy by density method ?BMIOkuda 2009
211922052216Adolescents - MalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)Fatty fish13.4g/1000 kcalEnergyRed blood cell membrane, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDDPA (cis-22:5n-3)2.24percentRoot91Spearman0.096= 0.369NoEnergy by density method ?BMIOkuda 2009
212022052217Adolescents - MalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)Fatty fish13.4g/1000 kcalEnergyRed blood cell membrane, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)6.52percentRoot91Spearman0.168= 0.114NoEnergy by density method ?BMIOkuda 2009
212122052218Adolescents - MalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)Fatty fish13.4g/1000 kcalEnergyRed blood cell membrane, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
9.49percentRoot91Spearman0.19= 0.073NoEnergy by density method ?BMIOkuda 2009
213022312241Adolescents - FemalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)Fatty fish13.8g/1000 kcalEnergyRed blood cell membrane, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)0.72percentRoot75Spearman0.209= 0.074NoEnergy by density method ?BMIOkuda 2009
213122312242Adolescents - FemalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)Fatty fish13.8g/1000 kcalEnergyRed blood cell membrane, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDDPA (cis-22:5n-3)2.2percentRoot75Spearman0.247= 0.034YesEnergy by density method ?BMIOkuda 2009
213222312243Adolescents - FemalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)Fatty fish13.8g/1000 kcalEnergyRed blood cell membrane, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)6.55percentRoot75Spearman0.415< 0.001YesEnergy by density method ?BMIOkuda 2009
213322312244Adolescents - FemalesStudents in Shunan CityJapanJPShunan Child Cohort StudyDiet History Questionnaire (DHQ)Fatty fish13.8g/1000 kcalEnergyRed blood cell membrane, fasting and non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
9.49percentRoot75Spearman0.412< 0.001YesEnergy by density method ?BMIOkuda 2009
254426962748AllElderly subjects with mild-to-moderate cognitive impairment or dementiaUnited StatesUSNAME (Nutrition, Aging, and Memory in Elders)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fishFatty fish
Tuna
0.94servings/weekPlasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
percentRoot273Spearman0.3 UnspecifiedAge, Energy, Use of fish-oil supplementsArsenault 2009
255127042749High cognitive functionElderly subjects with mild-to-moderate cognitive impairment or dementiaUnited StatesUSNAME (Nutrition, Aging, and Memory in Elders)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fishFatty fish
Tuna
0.94servings/weekPlasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
percentRoot186Spearman0.29 UnspecifiedAge, Energy, Use of fish-oil supplementsArsenault 2009
255827122750Low cognitive functionElderly subjects with mild-to-moderate cognitive impairment or dementiaUnited StatesUSNAME (Nutrition, Aging, and Memory in Elders)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fishFatty fish
Tuna
1.0servings/weekPlasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
percentRoot87Spearman0.33 UnspecifiedAge, Energy, Use of fish-oil supplementsArsenault 2009
256527202751No cognitive impairmentElderly subjects with mild-to-moderate cognitive impairment or dementiaUnited StatesUSNAME (Nutrition, Aging, and Memory in Elders)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fishFatty fish
Tuna
0.94servings/weekPlasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
percentRoot129Spearman0.34 UnspecifiedAge, Energy, Use of fish-oil supplementsArsenault 2009
257227282752Mild cognitive impairmentElderly subjects with mild-to-moderate cognitive impairment or dementiaUnited StatesUSNAME (Nutrition, Aging, and Memory in Elders)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fishFatty fish
Tuna
1.0servings/weekPlasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
percentRoot82Spearman0.3 UnspecifiedAge, Energy, Use of fish-oil supplementsArsenault 2009
257927362753DementiaElderly subjects with mild-to-moderate cognitive impairment or dementiaUnited StatesUSNAME (Nutrition, Aging, and Memory in Elders)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fishFatty fish
Tuna
0.94servings/weekPlasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
percentRoot62Spearman0.24 UnspecifiedAge, Energy, Use of fish-oil supplementsArsenault 2009
254027542748AllElderly subjects with mild-to-moderate cognitive impairment or dementiaUnited StatesUSNAME (Nutrition, Aging, and Memory in Elders)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fishservings/weekPlasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
percentRoot273Spearman0.36 UnspecifiedAge, Energy, Use of fish-oil supplementsArsenault 2009
254727582749High cognitive functionElderly subjects with mild-to-moderate cognitive impairment or dementiaUnited StatesUSNAME (Nutrition, Aging, and Memory in Elders)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fishservings/weekPlasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
percentRoot186Spearman0.4 UnspecifiedAge, Energy, Use of fish-oil supplementsArsenault 2009
255427622750Low cognitive functionElderly subjects with mild-to-moderate cognitive impairment or dementiaUnited StatesUSNAME (Nutrition, Aging, and Memory in Elders)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fishservings/weekPlasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
percentRoot87Spearman0.29 UnspecifiedAge, Energy, Use of fish-oil supplementsArsenault 2009
256127662751No cognitive impairmentElderly subjects with mild-to-moderate cognitive impairment or dementiaUnited StatesUSNAME (Nutrition, Aging, and Memory in Elders)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fishservings/weekPlasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
percentRoot129Spearman0.39 UnspecifiedAge, Energy, Use of fish-oil supplementsArsenault 2009
256827702752Mild cognitive impairmentElderly subjects with mild-to-moderate cognitive impairment or dementiaUnited StatesUSNAME (Nutrition, Aging, and Memory in Elders)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fishservings/weekPlasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
percentRoot82Spearman0.37 UnspecifiedAge, Energy, Use of fish-oil supplementsArsenault 2009
257527742753DementiaElderly subjects with mild-to-moderate cognitive impairment or dementiaUnited StatesUSNAME (Nutrition, Aging, and Memory in Elders)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fishservings/weekPlasma, fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
percentRoot62Spearman0.29 UnspecifiedAge, Energy, Use of fish-oil supplementsArsenault 2009
297830523020MalesMiddle-aged participants in a nested case-control studyFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (1-day)Fatty fish16.5g/dayPlasma, fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)1.36percentRoot276Spearman0.23< 0.001YesAstorg 2008
297930523022MalesMiddle-aged participants in a nested case-control studyFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (1-day)Fatty fish16.5g/dayPlasma, fastingGC-FIDDPA (cis-22:5n-3)0.54percentRoot276Spearman0.06>= 0.05NoAstorg 2008
298030523023MalesMiddle-aged participants in a nested case-control studyFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (1-day)Fatty fish16.5g/dayPlasma, fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)2.49percentRoot276Spearman0.21< 0.001YesAstorg 2008
299330573047FemalesMiddle-aged participants in a nested case-control studyFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (1-day)Fatty fish13.2g/dayPlasma, fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)1.29percentRoot257Spearman0.29< 0.001YesAstorg 2008
299430573049FemalesMiddle-aged participants in a nested case-control studyFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (1-day)Fatty fish13.2g/dayPlasma, fastingGC-FIDDPA (cis-22:5n-3)0.54percentRoot257Spearman0.08>= 0.05NoAstorg 2008
299530573050FemalesMiddle-aged participants in a nested case-control studyFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (1-day)Fatty fish13.2g/dayPlasma, fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)2.65percentRoot257Spearman0.28< 0.001YesAstorg 2008
313333083315AllVolunteers from the Perth metropolitan areaAustraliaAUFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish32.0g/weekRed blood cell membrane, fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)1.421.33percentRoot70Spearman0.47< 0.05YesMina 2007
314533083317AllVolunteers from the Perth metropolitan areaAustraliaAUFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish32.0g/weekRed blood cell membrane, fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)5.285.17percentRoot70Spearman0.33< 0.05YesMina 2007
726880558027AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish2.0times/monthSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acidsArachidic acid (20:0)
Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)
Behenic acid (22:0)
DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
Dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA; cis-20:3n-6)
Docosatetraenoic acid (DTA; cis-22:4n-6)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
Eicosadienoic acid (cis-20:2n-6)
Lignoceric acid (24:0)
Linoleic acid (LA; cis-18:2n-6)
Mead acid (cis-20:3n-9)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Nervonic acid (cis-24:1n-9)
Oleic acid (cis-18:1n-9)
Osbond acid (cis-22:5n-6)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Palmitoleic acid (cis-16:1n-7)
Stearic acid (18:0)
alpha-Linolenic acid (ALA; cis-18:3n-3)
cis-Cetoleic acid (cis-22:1n-11)
cis-Eicosenoic acids (cis-20:1)
1215.7mg/L234Pearson0.09>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
726980558013AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish2.0times/monthSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDLinoleic acid (LA; cis-18:2n-6)24.67percentRoot234Pearson-0.23< 0.001YesHjartaker 1997
727080558015AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish2.0times/monthSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDDihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA; cis-20:3n-6)2.96percentRoot234Pearson-0.13>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
727180558016AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish2.0times/monthSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDArachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)8.75percentRoot234Pearson0.04>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
727280558017AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish2.0times/monthSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDDocosatetraenoic acid (DTA; cis-22:4n-6)0.23percentRoot234Pearson-0.2< 0.01YesHjartaker 1997
727380558018AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish2.0times/monthSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDOsbond acid (cis-22:5n-6)0.09percentRoot234Pearson-0.13>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
727480558019AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish2.0times/monthSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDalpha-Linolenic acid (ALA; cis-18:3n-3)0.19percentRoot234Pearson-0.07>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
727580558020AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish2.0times/monthSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)1.98percentRoot234Pearson0.24< 0.001YesHjartaker 1997
727680558021AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish2.0times/monthSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDDPA (cis-22:5n-3)1.33percentRoot234Pearson0.21< 0.01YesHjartaker 1997
727780558022AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish2.0times/monthSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)6.92percentRoot234Pearson0.24< 0.001YesHjartaker 1997
727880558023AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish2.0times/monthSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, saturated (SFA)Arachidic acid (20:0)
Behenic acid (22:0)
Lignoceric acid (24:0)
Myristic acid (14:0)
Palmitic acid (16:0)
Stearic acid (18:0)
41.36percentRoot234Pearson0.09>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
727980558024AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish2.0times/monthSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, monounsaturated (MUFA)Nervonic acid (cis-24:1n-9)
Oleic acid (cis-18:1n-9)
Palmitoleic acid (cis-16:1n-7)
cis-Cetoleic acid (cis-22:1n-11)
cis-Eicosenoic acids (cis-20:1)
11.02percentRoot234Pearson-0.01>= 0.01NoHjartaker 1997
728080558025AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish2.0times/monthSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n6-polyunsaturated (n6-PUFA)Arachidonic acid (AA; cis-20:4n-6)
Dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA; cis-20:3n-6)
Docosatetraenoic acid (DTA; cis-22:4n-6)
Eicosadienoic acid (cis-20:2n-6)
Linoleic acid (LA; cis-18:2n-6)
Osbond acid (cis-22:5n-6)
37.08percentRoot234Pearson-0.26< 0.001YesHjartaker 1997
728180558026AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fish2.0times/monthSerum, non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
alpha-Linolenic acid (ALA; cis-18:3n-3)
10.43percentRoot234Pearson0.26< 0.001YesHjartaker 1997
734480628047AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fishg/daySerum, non-fastingGC-FIDEPA (cis-20:5n-3)24.09mg/L234Spearman0.28< 0.001YesHjartaker 1997
734580628049AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fishg/daySerum, non-fastingGC-FIDDHA (cis-22:6n-3)83.85mg/L234Spearman0.29< 0.001YesHjartaker 1997
734680628053AllMiddle-aged women in the Trondheim areaNorwayNOParticipants in a cardiovascular screening by SHUS (National Health Screening Service)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Fatty fishg/daySerum, non-fastingGC-FIDFatty acids, n3-polyunsaturated (n3-PUFA)DHA (cis-22:6n-3)
DPA (cis-22:5n-3)
EPA (cis-20:5n-3)
alpha-Linolenic acid (ALA; cis-18:3n-3)
126.48mg/L234Spearman0.3< 0.001YesHjartaker 1997