Citrus fruits

ID357
NameCitrus fruits
SynonymsRutaceae
DescriptionIncludes fruits and their products (e.g. juices, jams).
GroupFruits
Sub-groupCitrus fruits
FooDB ID

Biomarker measurements

Intake values

IDParent IDDepthSubject groupPopulationCountryCountry codeCohortTime definitionIntake toolIntake food coverageIntake time coverageIntake assessmentFoodFood detailFood descriptionSupplement intakes included?Measurement sizeDetected (nb)Detected (%)Detected only?Arithmethic meanArithmethic SDGeometric meanGeometric SDMinMin (detected)Percentile_05Percentile_10Percentile_25MedianPercentile_75Percentile_90Percentile_95MaxInterquartile rangeMean 95% CI lowerMean 95% CI upperGMean 95% CI lowerGMean 95% CI upperUnitConverted arithmetic meanConverted geometric meanConverted medianAdjustment typeAdjusted onRegressed onExpressed asPublication
7777762ControlsEmployees at workplaces in Copenhagen area with or without a free-fruit program interventionDenmarkDK24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Citrus fruitsOrange
Citrus fruit, Citrus juice450.00.0119.0g/day0.0 mg/dayCrudeKrogholm 2010
7877862ControlsEmployees at workplaces in Copenhagen area with or without a free-fruit program interventionDenmarkDK24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Citrus fruitsOrange
Citrus fruit, Citrus juice450.00.0200.0g/day0.0 mg/dayCrudeKrogholm 2010
7977962InterventionEmployees at workplaces in Copenhagen area with or without a free-fruit program interventionDenmarkDK24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Citrus fruitsOrange
Citrus fruit, Citrus juice340.00.0245.0g/day0.0 mg/dayCrudeKrogholm 2010
8078062InterventionEmployees at workplaces in Copenhagen area with or without a free-fruit program interventionDenmarkDK24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Citrus fruitsOrange
Citrus fruit, Citrus juice340.050.0610.0g/day49298.0 mg/dayCrudeKrogholm 2010
350635023MalesAdultsFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (1-day)Citrus fruitsCitrus fruits: Clementine, Grapefruit, Lemon, Mandarin, Orange148723.033.0g/day22677.1 mg/dayRegressionEnergyDauchet 2008
352735233FemalesAdultsFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (1-day)Citrus fruitsCitrus fruits: Clementine, Grapefruit, Lemon, Mandarin, Orange203428.028.0g/day27606.9 mg/dayRegressionEnergyDauchet 2008
394139424All [by intake]Adults living in the Parisian areaFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (2-day)Citrus fruitsGrapefruit
Orange
Citrus fruits5331.588.3g/day31500.0 mg/dayCrudeMennen 2006
394239433All [by intake]Adults living in the Parisian areaFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (2-day)Citrus fruitsGrapefruit
Grapefruit juice
Orange
Orange juice
Citrus fruits, Citrus juices5392.0172.6g/day90708.2 mg/dayCrudeMennen 2006
481848191InterventionMothers in Maastricht with or without an increased fruit and vegetable diet interventionNetherlandsNLFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Citrus fruitsCitrus fruits840.40.5servings/day0.4 servings/dayCrudeBogers 2004
482948301InterventionMothers in Maastricht with or without an increased fruit and vegetable diet interventionNetherlandsNLFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Citrus fruitsCitrus fruits840.70.6servings/day0.7 servings/dayCrudeBogers 2004

Correlation values

IDIntake IDExcretion IDSubject groupPopulationCountryCountry codeCohortIntake Time definitionIntake assessmentIntakeIntake detailSupplement intakes included?Intake Arithmetic meanIntake Geometric meanIntake MedianIntake UnitIntake Adjusted onBiomarker Time definitionBiological specimenBiomarker Experimental methodBiomarkerBiomarker detailBiomarker Arithmetic meanBiomarker Geometric meanBiomarker MedianBiomarker UnitBiomarker Adjusted onCorrelation sizeCorrelation typeCorrelation valueCorrelation 95% CI lowerCorrelation 95% CI upperCorrelation p-valueSignificant?Measurement adjustmentDeattenuated?CovariatesPublication
404431581Flavonoid supplement nonusersParticipants in the validation study of the MoBa cohortNorwayNOMoBa (Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Citrus fruitsg/dayUrine, 24-hLC-MS after enzymatic hydrolysisFlavanonesEriodictyol
Hesperetin
Naringenin
umol/L99Pearson0.41< 0.01YesBrantsaeter 2007
406431579Flavonoid supplement nonusersParticipants in the validation study of the MoBa cohortNorwayNOMoBa (Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Citrus fruitsg/dayUrine, 24-hLC-MS after enzymatic hydrolysisHesperetinumol/L99Pearson0.44< 0.01YesBrantsaeter 2007
405432582All [by supplement]Participants in the validation study of the MoBa cohortNorwayNOMoBa (Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Citrus fruitsg/dayUrine, 24-hLC-MS after enzymatic hydrolysisFlavanonesEriodictyol
Hesperetin
Naringenin
umol/L119Pearson0.39< 0.01YesBrantsaeter 2007
407432580All [by supplement]Participants in the validation study of the MoBa cohortNorwayNOMoBa (Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Citrus fruitsg/dayUrine, 24-hLC-MS after enzymatic hydrolysisHesperetinumol/L119Pearson0.41< 0.01YesBrantsaeter 2007
474432602All [by supplement]Participants in the validation study of the MoBa cohortNorwayNOMoBa (Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Citrus fruitsg/dayPlasma, unspecifiedHPLCbeta-Cryptoxanthinumol/L119Pearson0.29< 0.01YesBrantsaeter 2007
476432604All [by supplement]Participants in the validation study of the MoBa cohortNorwayNOMoBa (Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Citrus fruitsg/dayPlasma, unspecifiedHPLCZeaxanthinumol/L119Pearson0.28< 0.01YesBrantsaeter 2007
438469581Flavonoid supplement nonusersParticipants in the validation study of the MoBa cohortNorwayNOMoBa (Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort)Weighed Dietary record (4-day)Citrus fruitsg/dayUrine, 24-hLC-MS after enzymatic hydrolysisFlavanonesEriodictyol
Hesperetin
Naringenin
umol/L99Pearson0.66< 0.01YesBrantsaeter 2007
440469579Flavonoid supplement nonusersParticipants in the validation study of the MoBa cohortNorwayNOMoBa (Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort)Weighed Dietary record (4-day)Citrus fruitsg/dayUrine, 24-hLC-MS after enzymatic hydrolysisHesperetinumol/L99Pearson0.66< 0.01YesBrantsaeter 2007
439470582All [by supplement]Participants in the validation study of the MoBa cohortNorwayNOMoBa (Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort)Weighed Dietary record (4-day)Citrus fruitsg/dayUrine, 24-hLC-MS after enzymatic hydrolysisFlavanonesEriodictyol
Hesperetin
Naringenin
umol/L119Pearson0.63< 0.01YesBrantsaeter 2007
441470580All [by supplement]Participants in the validation study of the MoBa cohortNorwayNOMoBa (Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort)Weighed Dietary record (4-day)Citrus fruitsg/dayUrine, 24-hLC-MS after enzymatic hydrolysisHesperetinumol/L119Pearson0.64< 0.01YesBrantsaeter 2007
510470602All [by supplement]Participants in the validation study of the MoBa cohortNorwayNOMoBa (Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort)Weighed Dietary record (4-day)Citrus fruitsg/dayPlasma, unspecifiedHPLCbeta-Cryptoxanthinumol/L119Pearson0.39< 0.01YesBrantsaeter 2007
512470604All [by supplement]Participants in the validation study of the MoBa cohortNorwayNOMoBa (Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort)Weighed Dietary record (4-day)Citrus fruitsg/dayPlasma, unspecifiedHPLCZeaxanthinumol/L119Pearson0.31< 0.01YesBrantsaeter 2007
473616601Carotenoid supplement nonusersParticipants in the validation study of the MoBa cohortNorwayNOMoBa (Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Citrus fruitsg/dayPlasma, unspecifiedHPLCbeta-Cryptoxanthinumol/L106Pearson0.23< 0.05YesBrantsaeter 2007
475616603Carotenoid supplement nonusersParticipants in the validation study of the MoBa cohortNorwayNOMoBa (Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Citrus fruitsg/dayPlasma, unspecifiedHPLCZeaxanthinumol/L106Pearson0.23< 0.05YesBrantsaeter 2007
509631601Carotenoid supplement nonusersParticipants in the validation study of the MoBa cohortNorwayNOMoBa (Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort)Weighed Dietary record (4-day)Citrus fruitsg/dayPlasma, unspecifiedHPLCbeta-Cryptoxanthinumol/L106Pearson0.39< 0.01YesBrantsaeter 2007
511631603Carotenoid supplement nonusersParticipants in the validation study of the MoBa cohortNorwayNOMoBa (Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort)Weighed Dietary record (4-day)Citrus fruitsg/dayPlasma, unspecifiedHPLCZeaxanthinumol/L106Pearson0.32< 0.01YesBrantsaeter 2007
791817821AllEmployees at workplaces in Copenhagen area with or without a free-fruit program interventionDenmarkDK24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Citrus fruitsOrange
g/dayUrine, 24-hHPLC after enzymatic hydrolysisFlavonoidsDaidzein
Eriodictyol
Genistein
Hesperetin
Isorhamnetin
Kaempferol
Naringenin
Phloretin
Quercetin
ug/day79Spearman0.230.080.37< 0.01YesKrogholm 2010
792817822AllEmployees at workplaces in Copenhagen area with or without a free-fruit program interventionDenmarkDK24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Citrus fruitsOrange
g/dayUrine, 24-hHPLC after enzymatic hydrolysisFlavanonesEriodictyol
Hesperetin
Naringenin
ug/day79Spearman0.240.090.38< 0.01YesKrogholm 2010
793817823AllEmployees at workplaces in Copenhagen area with or without a free-fruit program interventionDenmarkDK24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Citrus fruitsOrange
g/dayUrine, 24-hHPLC after enzymatic hydrolysisHesperetinug/day79Spearman0.270.120.41< 0.01YesKrogholm 2010
794817824AllEmployees at workplaces in Copenhagen area with or without a free-fruit program interventionDenmarkDK24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Citrus fruitsOrange
g/dayUrine, 24-hHPLC after enzymatic hydrolysisNaringeninug/day79Spearman0.190.040.34< 0.05YesKrogholm 2010
795817825AllEmployees at workplaces in Copenhagen area with or without a free-fruit program interventionDenmarkDK24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Citrus fruitsOrange
g/dayUrine, 24-hHPLC after enzymatic hydrolysisEriodictyolug/day79Spearman0.08-0.080.23>= 0.05NoKrogholm 2010
796817826AllEmployees at workplaces in Copenhagen area with or without a free-fruit program interventionDenmarkDK24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Citrus fruitsOrange
g/dayUrine, 24-hHPLC after enzymatic hydrolysisQuercetinug/day79Spearman0.07-0.090.24>= 0.05NoKrogholm 2010
797817827AllEmployees at workplaces in Copenhagen area with or without a free-fruit program interventionDenmarkDK24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Citrus fruitsOrange
g/dayUrine, 24-hHPLC after enzymatic hydrolysisPhloretinug/day79Spearman0.09-0.070.24>= 0.05NoKrogholm 2010
798817828AllEmployees at workplaces in Copenhagen area with or without a free-fruit program interventionDenmarkDK24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Citrus fruitsOrange
g/dayUrine, 24-hHPLC after enzymatic hydrolysisDaidzeinug/day79Spearman0.12-0.040.27>= 0.05NoKrogholm 2010
799817829AllEmployees at workplaces in Copenhagen area with or without a free-fruit program interventionDenmarkDK24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Citrus fruitsOrange
g/dayUrine, 24-hHPLC after enzymatic hydrolysisGenisteinug/day79Spearman0.03-0.130.19>= 0.05NoKrogholm 2010
800817830AllEmployees at workplaces in Copenhagen area with or without a free-fruit program interventionDenmarkDK24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Citrus fruitsOrange
g/dayUrine, 24-hHPLC after enzymatic hydrolysisKaempferolug/day79Spearman0.08-0.080.23>= 0.05NoKrogholm 2010
801817833AllEmployees at workplaces in Copenhagen area with or without a free-fruit program interventionDenmarkDK24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Citrus fruitsOrange
g/dayUrine, 24-hHPLC after enzymatic hydrolysisPolyphenolsEriodictyol
Hesperetin
Naringenin
Phloretin
ug/day79Spearman0.240.090.38< 0.01YesKrogholm 2010
869969982AllParticipants in a dietary validation studyIran, Islamic Republic ofIRIHHP (Isfahan Healthy Heart Program)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Citrus fruitsg/dayPlasma, fastingColorimetryVitamin Cmissing unit123Spearman0.53< 0.001YesAge, Sex, BMI, EducationMohammadifard 2011
883969983AllParticipants in a dietary validation studyIran, Islamic Republic ofIRIHHP (Isfahan Healthy Heart Program)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Citrus fruitsg/dayPlasma, fastingHPLCbeta-Carotenemissing unit123Spearman0.33< 0.01YesAge, Sex, BMI, EducationMohammadifard 2011
897969984AllParticipants in a dietary validation studyIran, Islamic Republic ofIRIHHP (Isfahan Healthy Heart Program)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Citrus fruitsg/dayPlasma, fastingHPLCRetinolmissing unit123Spearman0.29< 0.01YesAge, Sex, BMI, Education, Cholesterol, TriglyceridesMohammadifard 2011
9229851003AllParticipants in a dietary validation studyIran, Islamic Republic ofIRIHHP (Isfahan Healthy Heart Program)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Citrus fruitsg/dayPlasma, fastingColorimetryVitamin Cmissing unit101Spearman0.12>= 0.05NoAge, Sex, BMI, EducationMohammadifard 2011
9429851004AllParticipants in a dietary validation studyIran, Islamic Republic ofIRIHHP (Isfahan Healthy Heart Program)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Citrus fruitsg/dayPlasma, fastingHPLCbeta-Carotenemissing unit101Spearman0.04>= 0.05NoAge, Sex, BMI, Education, Cholesterol, TriglyceridesMohammadifard 2011
9569851005AllParticipants in a dietary validation studyIran, Islamic Republic ofIRIHHP (Isfahan Healthy Heart Program)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Citrus fruitsg/dayPlasma, fastingHPLCRetinolmissing unit101Spearman0.08>= 0.05NoAge, Sex, BMI, Education, Cholesterol, TriglyceridesMohammadifard 2011
320535483552All [by gender]AdultsFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (1-day)Citrus fruitsg/daySerum, fastingHPLCbeta-Caroteneumol/L3521Spearman0.16< 0.001YesEnergy by residual method, Cholesterol, TriglyceridesDauchet 2008
322035483553All [by gender]AdultsFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (1-day)Citrus fruitsg/daySerum, fastingFluorometryVitamin Cumol/L3521Spearman0.28< 0.001YesEnergy by residual method, Cholesterol, TriglyceridesDauchet 2008
323535483554All [by gender]AdultsFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (1-day)Citrus fruitsg/daySerum, fastingHPLCalpha-Tocopherolumol/L3521Spearman0.04< 0.05YesEnergy by residual method, Cholesterol, TriglyceridesDauchet 2008
370439413958All [by intake]Adults living in the Parisian areaFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (2-day)Citrus fruitsGrapefruit
Orange
31.5g/dayUrine, 24-hLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisCaffeic acid11.4umol/day53Spearman-0.11= 0.42NoMennen 2006
375239413959All [by intake]Adults living in the Parisian areaFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (2-day)Citrus fruitsGrapefruit
Orange
31.5g/dayUrine, 24-hLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysism-Coumaric acid5.4umol/day53Spearman-0.09= 0.51NoMennen 2006
384039413964All [by intake]Adults living in the Parisian areaFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (2-day)Citrus fruitsGrapefruit
Orange
31.5g/dayUrine, 24-hLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisKaempferol0.8umol/day53Spearman-0.17= 0.21NoMennen 2006
385939413967All [by intake]Adults living in the Parisian areaFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (2-day)Citrus fruitsGrapefruit
Orange
31.5g/dayUrine, 24-hLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisHesperetin3.0umol/day53Spearman0.45= 0.0007YesMennen 2006
386839413968All [by intake]Adults living in the Parisian areaFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (2-day)Citrus fruitsGrapefruit
Orange
31.5g/dayUrine, 24-hLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisNaringenin9.9umol/day53Spearman0.28= 0.04YesMennen 2006
388039413969All [by intake]Adults living in the Parisian areaFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (2-day)Citrus fruitsGrapefruit
Orange
31.5g/dayUrine, 24-hLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisPhloretin0.73umol/day53Spearman0.09= 0.54NoMennen 2006
392139413974All [by intake]Adults living in the Parisian areaFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (2-day)Citrus fruitsGrapefruit
Orange
31.5g/dayUrine, first morning spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisCaffeic acid6.2umol/L53Spearman0.27= 0.05YesMennen 2006
394339413975All [by intake]Adults living in the Parisian areaFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (2-day)Citrus fruitsGrapefruit
Orange
31.5g/dayUrine, first morning spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysism-Coumaric acid2.7umol/L53Spearman0.08= 0.59NoMennen 2006
400539413980All [by intake]Adults living in the Parisian areaFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (2-day)Citrus fruitsGrapefruit
Orange
31.5g/dayUrine, first morning spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisKaempferol0.4umol/L53Spearman-0.07= 0.61NoMennen 2006
402439413983All [by intake]Adults living in the Parisian areaFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (2-day)Citrus fruitsGrapefruit
Orange
31.5g/dayUrine, first morning spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisHesperetin1.8umol/L53Spearman0.42= 0.002YesMennen 2006
403339413984All [by intake]Adults living in the Parisian areaFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (2-day)Citrus fruitsGrapefruit
Orange
31.5g/dayUrine, first morning spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisNaringenin5.6umol/L53Spearman0.48= 0.0003YesMennen 2006
404539413985All [by intake]Adults living in the Parisian areaFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (2-day)Citrus fruitsGrapefruit
Orange
31.5g/dayUrine, first morning spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisPhloretin0.42umol/L53Spearman0.01= 0.95NoMennen 2006
370539423958All [by intake]Adults living in the Parisian areaFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (2-day)Citrus fruitsGrapefruit
Grapefruit juice
Orange
Orange juice
92.0g/dayUrine, 24-hLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisCaffeic acid11.4umol/day53Spearman-0.06= 0.69NoMennen 2006
375339423959All [by intake]Adults living in the Parisian areaFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (2-day)Citrus fruitsGrapefruit
Grapefruit juice
Orange
Orange juice
92.0g/dayUrine, 24-hLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysism-Coumaric acid5.4umol/day53Spearman0.04= 0.78NoMennen 2006
384139423964All [by intake]Adults living in the Parisian areaFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (2-day)Citrus fruitsGrapefruit
Grapefruit juice
Orange
Orange juice
92.0g/dayUrine, 24-hLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisKaempferol0.8umol/day53Spearman-0.19= 0.18NoMennen 2006
386039423967All [by intake]Adults living in the Parisian areaFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (2-day)Citrus fruitsGrapefruit
Grapefruit juice
Orange
Orange juice
92.0g/dayUrine, 24-hLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisHesperetin3.0umol/day53Spearman0.46= 0.0006YesMennen 2006
386939423968All [by intake]Adults living in the Parisian areaFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (2-day)Citrus fruitsGrapefruit
Grapefruit juice
Orange
Orange juice
92.0g/dayUrine, 24-hLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisNaringenin9.9umol/day53Spearman0.37= 0.007YesMennen 2006
388139423969All [by intake]Adults living in the Parisian areaFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (2-day)Citrus fruitsGrapefruit
Grapefruit juice
Orange
Orange juice
92.0g/dayUrine, 24-hLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisPhloretin0.73umol/day53Spearman0.11= 0.46NoMennen 2006
392239423974All [by intake]Adults living in the Parisian areaFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (2-day)Citrus fruitsGrapefruit
Grapefruit juice
Orange
Orange juice
92.0g/dayUrine, first morning spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisCaffeic acid6.2umol/L53Spearman0.04= 0.75NoMennen 2006
394439423975All [by intake]Adults living in the Parisian areaFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (2-day)Citrus fruitsGrapefruit
Grapefruit juice
Orange
Orange juice
92.0g/dayUrine, first morning spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysism-Coumaric acid2.7umol/L53Spearman0.02= 0.9NoMennen 2006
400639423980All [by intake]Adults living in the Parisian areaFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (2-day)Citrus fruitsGrapefruit
Grapefruit juice
Orange
Orange juice
92.0g/dayUrine, first morning spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisKaempferol0.4umol/L53Spearman-0.07= 0.64NoMennen 2006
402539423983All [by intake]Adults living in the Parisian areaFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (2-day)Citrus fruitsGrapefruit
Grapefruit juice
Orange
Orange juice
92.0g/dayUrine, first morning spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisHesperetin1.8umol/L53Spearman0.52< 0.0001YesMennen 2006
403439423984All [by intake]Adults living in the Parisian areaFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (2-day)Citrus fruitsGrapefruit
Grapefruit juice
Orange
Orange juice
92.0g/dayUrine, first morning spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisNaringenin5.6umol/L53Spearman0.56< 0.0001YesMennen 2006
404639423985All [by intake]Adults living in the Parisian areaFranceFRSU.VI.MAX (SUpplementation en VItamines et Mineraux AntioXydants)Dietary record (2-day)Citrus fruitsGrapefruit
Grapefruit juice
Orange
Orange juice
92.0g/dayUrine, first morning spotLC-MS/MS after enzymatic hydrolysisPhloretin0.42umol/L53Spearman-0.02= 0.92NoMennen 2006
409140244008All [by gender]Participants in the EPIC calibration study from nine European countriesFranceFREPIC (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Citrus fruitsmissing unitPlasma, unspecifiedHPLCLuteinumol/L2390Spearman0.16< 0.05YesAl-Delaimy 2005
411140244009All [by gender]Participants in the EPIC calibration study from nine European countriesFranceFREPIC (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Citrus fruitsmissing unitPlasma, unspecifiedHPLCZeaxanthinumol/L2390Spearman0.14< 0.05YesAl-Delaimy 2005
413140244010All [by gender]Participants in the EPIC calibration study from nine European countriesFranceFREPIC (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Citrus fruitsmissing unitPlasma, unspecifiedHPLCbeta-Cryptoxanthinumol/L2390Spearman0.41< 0.05YesAl-Delaimy 2005
415140244011All [by gender]Participants in the EPIC calibration study from nine European countriesFranceFREPIC (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Citrus fruitsmissing unitPlasma, unspecifiedHPLCLycopeneumol/L2390Spearman0.1< 0.05YesAl-Delaimy 2005
417140244012All [by gender]Participants in the EPIC calibration study from nine European countriesFranceFREPIC (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Citrus fruitsmissing unitPlasma, unspecifiedHPLCalpha-Caroteneumol/L2390Spearman0.06< 0.05YesAl-Delaimy 2005
419140244013All [by gender]Participants in the EPIC calibration study from nine European countriesFranceFREPIC (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Citrus fruitsmissing unitPlasma, unspecifiedHPLCbeta-Caroteneumol/L2390Spearman0.09< 0.05YesAl-Delaimy 2005
421140244014All [by gender]Participants in the EPIC calibration study from nine European countriesFranceFREPIC (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Citrus fruitsmissing unitPlasma, unspecifiedHPLCCarotenoidsLutein
Lycopene
Zeaxanthin
alpha-Carotene
beta-Carotene
beta-Cryptoxanthin
umol/L2390Spearman0.2< 0.05YesAl-Delaimy 2005
409240344008All [by gender]Participants in the EPIC calibration study from nine European countriesFranceFREPIC (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Citrus fruitsmissing unitPlasma, unspecifiedHPLCLuteinumol/L2974Spearman0.09< 0.05YesAl-Delaimy 2005
411240344009All [by gender]Participants in the EPIC calibration study from nine European countriesFranceFREPIC (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Citrus fruitsmissing unitPlasma, unspecifiedHPLCZeaxanthinumol/L2974Spearman0.1< 0.05YesAl-Delaimy 2005
413240344010All [by gender]Participants in the EPIC calibration study from nine European countriesFranceFREPIC (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Citrus fruitsmissing unitPlasma, unspecifiedHPLCbeta-Cryptoxanthinumol/L2974Spearman0.26< 0.05YesAl-Delaimy 2005
421240344014All [by gender]Participants in the EPIC calibration study from nine European countriesFranceFREPIC (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition)24-h Dietary recall (1-day)Citrus fruitsmissing unitPlasma, unspecifiedHPLCCarotenoidsLutein
Lycopene
Zeaxanthin
alpha-Carotene
beta-Carotene
beta-Cryptoxanthin
umol/L2974Spearman0.09< 0.05YesAl-Delaimy 2005
623167056668AllAdults in Seattle areaUnited StatesUSDietary record (3-day)Citrus fruitsservings/dayPlasma, fastingTime-resolved fluoroimmunoassay (TR-FIA) after enzymatic hydrolysisEnterolactone13.97nmol/L193Pearson0.08>= 0.05NoAge, Sex, BMI, Percentage of energy as fatHorner 2002
472781488150AllMothers in Maastricht with or without an increased fruit and vegetable diet interventionNetherlandsNLFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Citrus fruitsservings/dayPlasma, fastingHPLCVitamin Cumol/L156Spearman0.32< 0.01YesBMIBogers 2004
473181488151AllMothers in Maastricht with or without an increased fruit and vegetable diet interventionNetherlandsNLFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Citrus fruitsservings/dayPlasma, fastingHPLCCarotenoidsLutein/Zeaxanthin
Lycopene
alpha-Carotene
beta-Carotene
beta-Cryptoxanthin
umol/L157Spearman0.27< 0.01YesBMIBogers 2004
473581488152AllMothers in Maastricht with or without an increased fruit and vegetable diet interventionNetherlandsNLFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Citrus fruitsservings/dayPlasma, fastingHPLCalpha-Caroteneumol/L157Spearman0.06>= 0.05NoBMIBogers 2004
473981488153AllMothers in Maastricht with or without an increased fruit and vegetable diet interventionNetherlandsNLFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Citrus fruitsservings/dayPlasma, fastingHPLCbeta-Caroteneumol/L157Spearman0.04>= 0.05NoBMIBogers 2004
474381488154AllMothers in Maastricht with or without an increased fruit and vegetable diet interventionNetherlandsNLFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Citrus fruitsservings/dayPlasma, fastingHPLCLutein/Zeaxanthinumol/L157Spearman0.03>= 0.05NoBMIBogers 2004
474781488155AllMothers in Maastricht with or without an increased fruit and vegetable diet interventionNetherlandsNLFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Citrus fruitsservings/dayPlasma, fastingHPLCbeta-Cryptoxanthinumol/L157Spearman0.57< 0.01YesBMIBogers 2004
475181488156AllMothers in Maastricht with or without an increased fruit and vegetable diet interventionNetherlandsNLFood Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)Citrus fruitsservings/dayPlasma, fastingHPLCLycopeneumol/L157Spearman-0.07>= 0.05NoBMIBogers 2004